Leibniz on Force, Activity, and Passivity

In Juhani Pietarinen & Valtteri Viljanen (eds.), The world as active power: studies in the history of European reason. Leiden: Brill. pp. 229-250 (2009)
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Our examination explicates not only how Leibniz’s emphasis on force or power squares well with (and most probably largely stems from) his endorsement of certain central Aristotelian tenets, but also how the concept of force is incorporated into his mature idealist metaphysics. That metaphysics, in turn, generates some thorny problems with regard to the concept of passivity; and so we shall also ask whether and how Leibniz’s monadology, emphasizing the activity as much as it does, is able to encompass the passivity of created substances.

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Valtteri Viljanen
University of Turku


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