Inference to the Best Explanation and the Screening-Off Challenge

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Abstract
We argue in Roche and Sober (2013) that explanatoriness is evidentially irrelevant in that Pr(H | O&EXPL) = Pr(H | O), where H is a hypothesis, O is an observation, and EXPL is the proposition that if H and O were true, then H would explain O. This is a “screening-off” thesis. Here we clarify that thesis, reply to criticisms advanced by Lange (2017), consider alternative formulations of Inference to the Best Explanation, discuss a strengthened screening-off thesis, and consider how it bears on the claim that unification is evidentially relevant.
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ROCITT-2
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First archival date: 2019-07-13
Latest version: 2 (2019-12-09)
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2019-07-13

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