Blinding and the Non-interference Assumption in Medical and Social Trials

Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (3):358-372 (2013)
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Abstract

This paper discusses the so-called non-interference assumption (NIA) grounding causal inference in trials in both medicine and the social sciences. It states that for each participant in the experiment, the value of the potential outcome depends only upon whether she or he gets the treatment. Drawing on methodological discussion in clinical trials and laboratory experiments in economics, I defend the necessity of partial forms of blinding as a warrant of the NIA, to control the participants’ expectations and their strategic interactions with the experimenter

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David Teira
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia

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