Inattentional blindness reflects limitations on perception, not memory: Evidence from repeated failures of awareness.

Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 22:722-727 (2015)
Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
Abstract
Perhaps the most striking phenomenon of visual awareness is inattentional blindness (IB), in which a surprisingly salient event right in front of you may go completely unseen when unattended. Does IB reflect a failure of perception, or only of subsequent memory? Previous work has been unable to answer this question, due to a seemingly intractable dilemma: ruling out memory requires immediate perceptual reports, but soliciting such reports fuels an expectation that eliminates IB. Here we introduce a way of evoking repeated IB in the same subjects and the same session: we show that observers fail to report seeing salient events’ not only when they have no expectation, but also when they have the wrong expectations about the events nature. This occurs when observers must immediately report seeing anything unexpected, even mid-event. Repeated IB thus demonstrates that IB is aptly named: it reflects a genuine deficit in moment-by-moment conscious perception, rather than a form of inattentional amnesia.
Categories
(categorize this paper)
PhilPapers/Archive ID
WARIBR
Revision history
Archival date: 2019-06-03
View upload history
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Added to PP index
2019-06-03

Total views
32 ( #37,622 of 42,370 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
32 ( #20,230 of 42,370 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks to external links.