Pragmatic Development and the False Belief Task

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Abstract
Nativists about theory of mind have typically explained why children below the age of four fail the false belief task by appealing to the demands that these tasks place on children’s developing executive abilities. However, this appeal to executive functioning cannot explain a wide range of evidence showing that social and linguistic factors also affect when children pass this task. In this paper, I present a revised nativist proposal about theory of mind development that is able to accommodate these findings, which I call the pragmatic development account. According to this proposal, we can gain a better understanding of the shift in children’s performance on standard false-belief tasks around four years of age by considering how children’s experiences with the pragmatics of belief discourse affect the way they interpret the task.
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Archival date: 2016-08-25
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References found in this work BETA
The Language of Thought.Churchland, Patricia Smith
False-Belief Understanding in Infants.Baillargeon, Renée; Scott, Rose M. & He, Zijing
How to Construct a Minimal Theory of Mind.Butterfill, Stephen A. & Apperly, Ian A.

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2016-08-25

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