Realism, Essence, and Kind: Resuscitating Species Essentialism?

In Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays. pp. 187-207 (1999)
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Abstract

This paper offers an overview of "the species problem", arguing for a view of species as homeostatic property cluster kinds, positioning the resulting form of realism about species as an alternative to the claim that species are individuals and pluralistic views of species. It draws on taxonomic practice in the neurosciences, especially of neural crest cells and retinal ganglion cells, to motivate both the rejection of the species-as-individuals thesis and species pluralism.

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Robert A. Wilson
University of Western Australia

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