In a 1995 interview, contemporary American composer John Zorn stated: ‘I got involved in
music because of fi lm […] There’s a lot of fi lm elements in my music’ (Duckworth, 1995, p. 451).
Scholars and critics have since widely noted these cinematic elements, with emphasis being
placed on Zorn’s genre of so-called ‘fi le card compositions’. Whilst these studies have primarily
concentrated on how the arrangement of sound blocks – the disjointed segments of Zorn’s
compositions – can be compared to cinematic montage, this article instead focusses on how
sound blocks suggest the visual aspects of cinema.
To delve deeper into the visuo-cinematic qualities of Zorn’s fi le card compositions, an idealised
cinematic listener will be constructed, aided by various psychological, semiotic, philosophical
and fi lm theories. I will suggest that a listener occupying a hypnogogic state projects
moving images, akin to those of cinema, onto what Bernard Lewin fi rst called a ‘dream screen’.
These projections occur due to intertextual associations made between fi le card compositions
and the artistic fi gures to whom they are dedicated. These images combine with the sounds
that brought them into being to form an audio-visual diegesis, which can be considered a type
of half-imagined fi lm. The cinematic listener then actively draws out of this diegesis a narrative,
via the semi-conscious process Boris Eikhenbaum called ‘inner speech’. I will conclude
by giving some broader justifi cation for the methodology that brought this cinematic listener
into being and suggest how the cinematic listener may be further utilised to provide musical
analyses for fi le card works.