Shaking Up the Mind’s Ground Floor: The Cognitive Penetration of Visual Attention

Journal of Philosophy 114 (1):5-32 (2017)
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In this paper, I argue that visual attention is cognitively penetrated by intention. I present a detailed account of attention and its neural basis, drawing on a recent computational model of neural modulation during attention: divisive normalization. I argue that intention shifts computations during divisive normalization. The epistemic consequences of attentional bias are discussed.

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Wayne Wu
Carnegie Mellon University


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