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  1. The Symbol Grounding Problem.Stevan Harnad - 1990 - Physica D 42:335-346.
    There has been much discussion recently about the scope and limits of purely symbolic models of the mind and about the proper role of connectionism in cognitive modeling. This paper describes the symbol grounding problem : How can the semantic interpretation of a formal symbol system be made intrinsic to the system, rather than just parasitic on the meanings in our heads? How can the meanings of the meaningless symbol tokens, manipulated solely on the basis of their shapes, be grounded (...)
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  • Minds, Brains, and Programs.John R. Searle - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):417-57.
    What psychological and philosophical significance should we attach to recent efforts at computer simulations of human cognitive capacities? In answering this question, I find it useful to distinguish what I will call "strong" AI from "weak" or "cautious" AI. According to weak AI, the principal value of the computer in the study of the mind is that it gives us a very powerful tool. For example, it enables us to formulate and test hypotheses in a more rigorous and precise fashion. (...)
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  • Biosymbols: Symbols in Life and Mind. [REVIEW]Liz Stillwaggon Swan & Louis J. Goldberg - 2010 - Biosemiotics 3 (1):17-31.
    The strong continuity thesis postulates that the properties of mind are an enriched version of the properties of life, and thus that life and mind differ in degree and not kind. A philosophical problem for this view is the ostensive discontinuity between humans and other animals in virtue of our use of symbols—particularly the presumption that the symbolic nature of human cognition bears no relation to the basic properties of life. In this paper, we make the case that a genuine (...)
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  • Has Biosemiotics Come of Age?Marcello Barbieri - 2002 - Semiotica 2002 (139):283-295.
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  • Some Problems of Philosophy: A Beginning of an Introduction to Philosophy.William James - 1911 - Mind 20 (80):571-573.
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  • Some Problems of Philosophy a Beginning of an Introduction to Philosophy.George H. Sabine - 1996
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  • Onflow: Dynamics of Consciousness and Experience.Ralph Pred - 2005 - Cambridge MA: Bradford Book/MIT Press.
    Honorable Mention, 2007 Book Prize competition sponsored by the Canadian Philosophical Association.In Onflow, Ralph Pred supplies an account of the nature of ...
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