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Relativity

London: Methuen (1954)

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  1. Wittgenstein's ‘Relativity’: Training in Language‐Games and Agreement in Forms of Life.Jeff Stickney - 2008 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (5):621-637.
    Taking Wittgenstein's love of music as my impetus, I approach aporetic problems of epistemic relativity through a round of three overlapping inquiries delivered in contrapuntal registers. I first take up the question of scepticism surrounding ‘groundless knowledge’ and contending paradigms in On Certainty with attention given to the role of ‘bedrock’ certainties in providing stability amidst the Heraclitean flux. I then look into the formation of sedimented bedrock knowledge, or practices of knowing, by comparing Wittgenstein's remarks on animal habituation and (...)
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  • Auto-Affection and the Curvature of Spacetime: Derrida Reading Heidegger Reading Kant.Cathrine Bjørnholt Michaelsen - 2020 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 28 (3):411-432.
    This paper has a twofold objective. First, it engages with the interrelation of time, space, and matter in Kant, Heidegger, and Derrida and questions whether and how this interrelation effects the...
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  • A Logic Road From Special Relativity to General Relativity.Hajnal Andréka, Judit X. Madarász, István Németi & Gergely Székely - 2012 - Synthese 186 (3):633 - 649.
    We present a streamlined axiom system of special relativity in first-order logic. From this axiom system we "derive" an axiom system of general relativity in two natural steps. We will also see how the axioms of special relativity transform into those of general relativity. This way we hope to make general relativity more accessible for the non-specialist.
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  • Measure for Measure: The Reliance of Human Knowledge on the Things of the World.Tim Adamson - 2005 - Ethics and the Environment 10 (2):175-194.
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  • Measure for Measure:The Reliance of Human Knowledge on the Things of the World.Tim Adamson - 2005 - Ethics and the Environment 10 (2):175-194.
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  • Objects in Time: Studies of Persistence in B-Time.Tobias Hansson Wahlberg - 2009 - Dissertation, Lund University
    This thesis is about the conceptualization of persistence of physical, middle-sized objects within the theoretical framework of the revisionary ‘B-theory’ of time. According to the B-theory, time does not flow, but is an extended and inherently directed fourth dimension along which the history of the universe is ‘laid out’ once and for all. It is a widespread view among philosophers that if we accept the B-theory, the commonsensical ‘endurance theory’ of persistence will have to be rejected. The endurance theory says (...)
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  • Logical Comparability and Conceptual Disparity Between Newtonian and Relativistic Mechanics.Jerzy Giedymin - 1973 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 24 (3):270-276.
    The present note is intended to draw the reader's attention to the analysis of the relation between Newtonian Mechanics and Special Relativity Mechanics (henceforth to be referred to as NM and SRM), given by Philipp Frank, one of the classics of Logical Empiricism (in Frank [1938]). Frank's analysis of the relation between NM and SRM is interesting in many ways. Firstly, it shows clearly that problems of disruptive changes and of conceptual disparity were known to and discussed by Logical Empiricists (...)
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  • The Chimeric Self: A Neo Naturalist Bundle Theory of the Self.Lucrezia Compiani - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • Against the Tyranny of 'Pure States' in Quantum Theory.Christian de Ronde & Cesar Massri - unknown
    In this paper we provide arguments against the dominant role played by the notion of pure sate within the orthodox account of quantum theory. Firstly, we will argue that the origin of this notion is intrinsically related to the widespread empirical-positivist understanding of physics according to which 'theories describe actual observations of subjects '. Secondly, we will show how within the notion of pure state there is a scrambling of two mutually incompatible definitions. On the one hand, a contextual definition (...)
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  • There Is No Conspiracy of Inertia.Ryan Samaroo - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (4):957-982.
    I examine two claims that arise in Brown’s account of inertial motion. Brown claims there is something objectionable about the way in which the motions of free particles in Newtonian theory and special relativity are coordinated. Brown also claims that since a geodesic principle can be derived in Einsteinian gravitation, the objectionable feature is explained away. I argue that there is nothing objectionable about inertia and that while the theorems that motivate Brown’s second claim can be said to figure in (...)
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  • Classical Recapture.Andrew Aberdein - 2001 - In V. Fano, M. Stanzione & G. Tarozzi (eds.), Prospettive Della Logica E Della Filosofia Della Scienza. Rubettino. pp. 11-18.
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  • On the Alleged Equivalence Between Newtonian and Relativistic Cosmology.Pierre Kerszberg - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (3):347-380.
    Among the many controversial contributions of E. A. Milne to cosmology, the only one which is taken seriously today (to the extent that it has been absorbed as a premise in most scientific approaches to the problem of the universe as a totality) is his early suggestion that a formal equivalence may be made between Newtonian and Relativistic cosmology. My own paper suggests that, over and above any logical validity in the alleged equivalence, the actual way in which it has (...)
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  • Mach, Einstein, and the Rise of Modern Science.Elie Zahar - 1977 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28 (3):195-213.
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  • The Logic of Thought Experiments.Martin Bunzl - 1996 - Synthese 106 (2):227 - 240.
    In this paper I argue that (at least many) philosophical thought experiments are unreliable. But I argue that this notion of unreliability has to be understood relative to the goal of thought experiments as knowledge producing. And relative to that goal many thought experiments in science are just as unreliable. But in fact thought experiments in science play a varied role and I will suggest that knowledge production is a goal only under quite limited circumstances. I defend the view that (...)
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  • Mathematical Constructivism in Spacetime.Geoffrey Hellman - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (3):425-450.
    To what extent can constructive mathematics based on intuitionistc logic recover the mathematics needed for spacetime physics? Certain aspects of this important question are examined, both technical and philosophical. On the technical side, order, connectivity, and extremization properties of the continuum are reviewed, and attention is called to certain striking results concerning causal structure in General Relativity Theory, in particular the singularity theorems of Hawking and Penrose. As they stand, these results appear to elude constructivization. On the philosophical side, it (...)
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  • Temporal Arrows in Space-Time.Friedel Weinert - unknown
    The prevailing current of thought in both physics and philosophy is that relativistic space-time provides no means for the objective measurement of the passage of time. Kurt Gödel, for instance, denied the possibility of an objective lapse of time, both in the Special and the General theory of relativity. From this failure many writers have inferred that a static block universe is the only acceptable conceptual consequence of a four-dimensional world. The aim of this paper is to investigate how arrows (...)
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  • Cogito Ergo Mundus Talis Est.Marko Uršič - 1996 - Filozofski Vestnik 17 (3).
    Osrednja tema članka je premislek o »antropičnem načelu« v sodobni kozmologiji, posebej v odnosu do predpostavke mnoštva svetov na eni strani in v povezavi z Descartesovim cogitom na drugi. Članek začrta distinkcijo med kavzalno in »antropično« razlago »dobre ubranosti« univerzuma za naše bivanje kot opazovalcev, analizira intuitivno ozadje in kozmološko pojmovanje ideje o mnoštvu svetov ter se zaključi z ugotovitvijo, da je treba nove kozmološke razlage iskati onstran tradicionalnih dihotomij.
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  • Geometry, Fields, and Spacetime.James Binkoski - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (4):1097-1117.
    I present an argument against a relational theory of spacetime that regards spacetime as a ‘structural quality of the field’. The argument takes the form of a trilemma. To make the argument, I focus on relativistic worlds in which there exist just two fields, an electromagnetic field and a gravitational field. Then there are three options: either spacetime is a structural quality of each field separately, both fields together, or one field but not the other. I argue that the first (...)
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  • Leibnizin pienet havainnot ja tunteiden muodostuminen.Markku Roinila - 2018 - Havainto.
    Keskityn siihen miten Leibnizilla yksittäiset mielihyvän tai mielipahan tiedostamattomat havainnot voivat kasautua tai tiivistyä ja muodostaa vähitellen tunteita, joista tulemme tietoisiksi.
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  • After Critical Realism?: The Relevance of Contemporary Science.Heikki Patomäki - 2010 - Journal of Critical Realism 9 (1):59-88.
    While recent scientific discoveries and theories can be taken to provide additional evidence for some of the central critical realist claims, overall critical realism seems to be in need of reassessment, revisions and further developments. First, I argue that here has been an inclination among critical realists to prefer the language and model of philosophy to falsifiable science, creating a predisposition towards somewhat sectarian practices. These tendencies also account for the relative lack of substantive research based on, or inspired by, (...)
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  • On the Material Invariant Formulation of Maxwell’s Displacement Current.Christo I. Christov - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (11):1701-1717.
    Maxwell accounted for the apparent elastic behavior of the electromagnetic field by augmenting Ampere’s law with the so-called displacement current, in much the same way that he treated the viscoelasticity of gases. Maxwell’s original constitutive relations for both electrodynamics and fluid dynamics were not material invariant. In the theory of viscoelastic fluids, the situation was later corrected by Oldroyd, who introduced the upper-convective derivative. Assuming that the electromagnetic field should follow the general requirements for a material field, we show that (...)
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  • No Time, No Wholes: A Temporal and Causal-Oriented Approach to the Ontology of Wholes. [REVIEW]Riccardo Manzotti - 2009 - Axiomathes 19 (2):193-214.
    What distinguishes a whole from an arbitrary sum of elements? I suggest a temporal and causal oriented approach. I defend two connected claims. The former is that existence is, by every means, coextensive with being the cause of a causal process. The latter is that a whole is the cause of a causal process with a joint effect. Thus, a whole is something that takes place in time. The approach endorses an unambiguous version of Restricted Composition that suits most commonsensical (...)
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  • The Pythagorean Comma: Weber's Anticipation of Sociology in a New Key. [REVIEW]Vito Signorile - 1980 - Human Studies 3 (1):115 - 136.
    Throughout its history the Game was closely allied with music, and usually proceeded according to musical or mathematical rules. One theme, two themes, or three themes were stated, elaborated, varied, and underwent a development quite similar to that of the theme in a Bach fugue or a concerto movement.… Experts and Masters of the Game freely wove the initial theme into unlimited combinations [p. 30].
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  • Becoming Inflated.Craig Bourne - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (1):107-119.
    Some have thought that the process of the expansion of the universe can be used to define an absolute ‘cosmic time’ which then serves as the absolute time required by tensed theories of time. Indeed, this is the very reason why many tense theorists are happy to concede that special relativity is incompatible with the tense thesis, because they think that general relativity, which trumps special relativity, and on which modern cosmology rests, supplies the means of defining temporal becoming using (...)
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  • Relativity Theory: What is Reality? [REVIEW]Diederik Aerts - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (12):1627-1644.
    In classical Newtonian physics there was a clear understanding of “what reality is.≓ Indeed in this classical view, reality at a certain time is the collection of all what is actual at this time, and this is contained in “the present.≓ Often it is stated that three-dimensional space and one-dimensional time hare been substituted by four-dimensional space-time in relativity theory, and as a consequence the classical concept of reality, as that which is “present,≓ cannot be retained. Is reality then the (...)
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  • On Einstein's 1905 Electrodynamics Paper.W. L. Kennedy - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (1):61-65.
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  • The Elementary Foundations of Spacetime.James Ax - 1978 - Foundations of Physics 8 (7-8):507-546.
    This paper is an amalgam of physics and mathematical logic. It contains an elementary axiomatization of spacetime in terms of the primitive concepts of particle, signal, and transmission and reception. In the elementary language formed with these predicates we state AxiomsE, C, andU, which are naturally interpretable as basic physical properties of particles and signals. We then determine all mathematical models of this axiom system; these represent certain generalizations of the standard model. Also, the automorphism groups of the models are (...)
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  • The Copernican Character of Einstein's Cosmology.Allen Harder - 1972 - Annals of Science 29 (4):339-347.
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