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  1. Our Inalienable Ability to Sin: Peter Olivi’s Rejection of Asymmetrical Freedom.Bonnie Kent - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (6):1073-1092.
    From the time of Augustine to the late thirteenth century, leading Christian thinkers agreed that freedom requires the ability to make good choices, but not the ability to make bad ones. If freedom required the ability to sin, they reasoned, neither God nor the angels nor the blessed in heaven could be free. This essay examines the work of Peter Olivi, the first medieval philosopher known to reject the asymmetrical conception of freedom. Olivi argues that the ability to sin is (...)
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  • Is Socrates Free? The Theaetetus as Case Study.Andy German - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (4):621-641.
    Most scholars agree that Plato’s concept of freedom, to the extent he has one, is ‘intellectualist’: true freedom is submission to the rule of reason through philosophical knowledge of rational order. Surprisingly, though, there are few explicit linkages of philosophy and freedom in Plato. Socrates is called many things in the dialogues, but not ‘free’. I aim to understand why by studying the Theaetetus, heretofore ignored in discussions of Platonic freedom. By examining the Digression and Socrates’ ‘dream’ about wholes and (...)
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