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  1. “Genetic Load”: How the Architects of the Modern Synthesis Became Trapped in a Scientific Ideology.Alexandra Soulier - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:118.
    The term “genetic load” first emerged in a paper written in 1950 by the geneticist H. Muller. It is a mathematical model based on biological, social, political and ethical arguments describing the dramatic accumulation of disadvantageous mutations in human populations that will occur in modern societies if eugenic measures are not taken. The model describes how the combined actions of medical and social progress will supposedly impede natural selection and make genes of inferior quality likely to spread across populations – (...)
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  • The End of the ‘Bad Seed’ Era? Epigenetics’ Contribution to Violence Prevention Initiatives in Public Health.Anna Meurer - forthcoming - The New Bioethics:1-17.
    Despite numerous initiatives and significant resource investment, violence remains a pervasive threat to public health. The burgeoning field of epigenetics may offer an exciting new possibility for...
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  • Human Rights in the Postgenomic Era: Challenges and Opportunities Arising with Epigenetics.Charles Dupras, Yann Joly & Emmanuelle Rial-Sebbag - 2020 - Social Science Information 59 (1):12-34.
    Over the past twenty-five years, international organizations have adopted human rights declarations in an attempt to address emerging ethical, legal and social concerns associated with genetic research and technologies. While these declarations point to important challenges and potential issues in genetics, the focus on genetics has been criticized for promoting the idea that there is something unique about our genes, and that therefore, they deserve special protections in our laws. It is also argued that this ‘genetic exceptionalism’ perspective has contributed (...)
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  • What’s in a Name? The Three Genealogies of the Social in Social Epigenetics.Séverine Louvel - 2020 - Social Science Information 59 (1):184-216.
    Social epigenetics – the study of the epigenetic mechanisms through which social environments become biologically embodied – epitomizes recent claims that the boundaries between the natural and the social sciences should be reduced. Relying on a bibliometric study and on a qualitative analysis of publications in social epigenetics, this article investigates how this research area defines and operationalizes the social dimensions that may have an impact on health status and disease risk. The article also addresses how the social sciences engage (...)
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  • The Ambiguous Nature of Epigenetic Responsibility.Charles Dupras & Vardit Ravitsky - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (8):534-541.
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  • Epigenetics Changes Nothing: What a New Scientific Field Does and Does Not Mean for Ethics and Social Justice.Jonathan Y. Huang & Nicholas B. King - 2018 - Public Health Ethics 11 (1):69-81.
    Recently, ethicists have posited that consideration of epigenetic mechanisms presents novel challenges to concepts of justice and equality of opportunity, such as elevating the importance of environments in bioethics and providing a counterpoint to gross genetic determinism. We argue that new findings in epigenetic sciences, including those regarding intergenerational health effects, do not necessitate reconceptualization of theories of justice or the environment. To the contrary, such claims reflect a flawed understanding of epigenetics and its relation to genetics that may unintentionally (...)
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  • La génomique nutritionnelle : penser les liens alimentation-santé à l'articulation des sciences sociales, biomédicales et de la vie.Tristan Fournier & Jean-Pierre Poulain - 2017 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 25 (2):111-121.
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  • Quelle Théorie de la Justice Pour L’Épigénétique?Caroline Guibet Lafaye - 2015 - Dialogue 54 (3):489-517.
    L’épigénétique dévoile les mécanismes biologiques sous-jacents à la reproduction, voire à la transmission des inégalités sociales de santé, et souligne la complexité des facteurs intervenant dans le développement de certaines pathologies. Cette complexité semble poser des difficultés inédites aux théories de la justice. Nous dessinons les contours d’une «justice épigénétique» en appréhendant d’abord les questions que l’épigénétique pose aux théories de la justice distributive. Le modèle de l’égalité des chances est-il le plus approprié pour saisir ces questions? Nous montrons que (...)
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  • Épigénétique : les écueils d’une transposition du biologique au social.Guillaume Pelletier - 2019 - Dialogue 58 (1):1-26.
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  • Epigenetics in the Neoliberal “Regime of Truth”.Charles Dupras & Vardit Ravitsky - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (1):26-35.
    Recent findings in epigenetics have been attracting much attention from social scientists and bioethicists because they reveal the molecular mechanisms by which exposure to socioenvironmental factors, such as pollutants and social adversity, can influence the expression of genes throughout life. Most surprisingly, some epigenetic modifications may also be heritable via germ cells across generations. Epigenetics may be the missing molecular evidence of the importance of using preventive strategies at the policy level to reduce the incidence and prevalence of common diseases. (...)
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