# Are the Barriers that Inhibit Mathematical Models of a Cyclic Universe, which Admits Broken Symmetries, Dark Energy, and an Expanding Multiverse, Illusory?

**Abstract**

We argue the thesis that if (1) a physical process is mathematically representable by a Cauchy sequence; and (2) we accept that there can be no infinite processes, i.e., nothing corresponding to infinite sequences, in natural phenomena; then (a) in the absence of an extraneous, evidence-based, proof of `closure' which determines the behaviour of the physical process in the limit as corresponding to a `Cauchy' limit; (b) the physical process must tend to a discontinuity (singularity) which has not been reflected in the Cauchy sequence that seeks to describe the behaviour of the physical process. We support our thesis by mathematical models of the putative behaviours of (i) a virus cluster; (ii) an elastic string; and (iii) a Universe that recycles from Big Bang to Ultimate Implosion, in which parity and local time reversal violation, and the existence of `dark energy' in a multiverse, need not violate Einstein's equations and quantum theory. We suggest that the barriers to modelling such processes in a mathematical language that seeks unambiguous communication are illusory; they merely reflect an attempt to ask of the language chosen for such representation more than it is designed to deliver.

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Archival date: 2018-06-25

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References found in this work BETA

Does Mathematics Need New Axioms.Feferman, Solomon; Friedman, Harvey M.; Maddy, Penelope & Steel, John R.

Logical Foundations of Probability.Carnap, Rudolf

Partial Realizations of Hilbert's Program.Simpson, Stephen G.

How Applied Mathematics Became Pure.Maddy, Penelope

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2018-06-25

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