Criticism: Destructive and Constructive

Mεtascience: Scientific General Discourse 1:161-164 (2020)
  Copy   BIBTEX


In the scientific communities most criticisms are constructive, while they are destructive in the humanistic circles. Indeed, scientists circulate their drafts among colleagues and students, hoping to elicit their comments and suggestions before submitting their work to publication. In contrast, philosophers and political thinkers attack their rivals, without sparing arguments ad hominem or even insults. The reason for this difference is that scientists are after the truth, whereas most humanists fight for more or less noble causes, from swelling their own curricula to joining crusades for or against rationality, realism, justice, or what have you.

Author's Profile

Mario Bunge
Last affiliation: McGill University


Added to PP

648 (#25,788)

6 months
203 (#14,372)

Historical graph of downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks on external links on PhilPapers.
How can I increase my downloads?