La formation des enseignants en tant que transmission d’une forme socioculturelleTeacher training as transmission of sociocultural form

Revue Phronesis 1 (4):4 (2012)
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Abstract
Nous nous proposons de considérer l’enseignement comme une forme socioculturelle. Nous suggérons que l’intériorisation des médiations inclut non seulement des concepts mais un ensemble de dimensions des médiations. Cet ensemble de dimensions permet de définir une forme. Chaque étudiant tente de donner un sens aux savoirs et à ses expériences en se fondant sur des microformes préalablement subjectivées. Les formations permettent néanmoins l’émergence d’une forme socioculturelle subjectivée. Dans le cas des formations, en alternance, à l’enseignement, le processus se complexifie par l’origine différente des savoirs transmis. Nous concluons en esquissant quelques implications de cette notion de forme sur la formation des enseignants. We consider the implications of analyzing teaching as a sociocultural form. We suggest that the internalization of mediations includes not only concepts but a complex of dimensions of mediations. These dimensions enable us to define a form. Each students, building on previously subjectivated microforms, tries to give a personal meaning to the transmitted knowledge and to his experiences. The theoretical and professional training enables however the elaboration of a subjectivated sociocultural form. Regarding teacher training, the process is even more complex due to the different origin of the transmitted knowledge. We conclude by outlining some consequences resulting from taking into account this notion of form in teacher training.
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