Name der Zeitschrift: Nietzsche-Studien Jahrgang: 44 Heft: 1 Seiten: 267-290
In this paper, I examine the possibility of constructing an ontological phenomenology
of love by tracing Nietzsche’s questioning about science. I examine how the
evolution of Nietzsche’s thinking about science and his increasing suspicion towards it
coincide with his interest for the question of love. Although the texts from the early and
middle period praise science as an antidote to asceticism, the later texts associate the
scientifi c spirit with asceticism. I argue that this shift is motivated by Nietzsche’s realization
that asceticism and science share the same fetish of facts. It is now for Nietzsche
no longer a matter of proving the so-called facts of the backworlds to be wrong (something
science is very capable of doing), but a matter of rejecting the very structure of
thought that reduces a shapeless reality into a series of facts, subjects and objects. It
is this second attitude that Nietzsche regards as the common core of science and asceticism.
From this critique of science and its correlative critique of facts, Nietzsche begins
searching for a counter-attitude able to perform the reduction of the factual attitude.
This is the attitude he calls love. Although Nietzsche’s concept of love has oft en been
elucidated in terms of its object or its subject, I argue that such interpretations precisely
defeat Nietzsche’s point, which is to recover a ground that precedes the division of the
world into subjects and objects. Love becomes the name of this intra-relationship of
being, opening up to new perspectives on Nietzsche’s ontology of the will to power.