The Human and Beyond: Transhumanism, Historicity, Humanness

Theology and Science 19 (04/2021):1-16 (2021)
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Abstract

“Historicity” describes the human condition during one’s life course, marked by contingency and freedom, temporality and finitude. The concept also occurs in evolutionary biology, social sciences and psychology, highlighting history and context. Hannah Arendt situates the capacity for new beginnings at the essence of human beings (natality), allowing for new generations. Transhumanist narratives are shown as foreign to the concept of historicity due to a view of human nature, the load of accumulated past, and directed evolution. Finally, the “back to dust” motif is related to finitude, suggesting that new technologies may move us away from humanness.

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Eduardo R. Cruz
Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo

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