The End‐Relational Theory of ‘Ought’ and the Weight of Reasons

Dialectica 64 (3):405-417 (2010)
Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
Abstract
Stephen Finlay analyses ‘ought’ in terms of probability. According to him, normative ‘ought's are statements about the likelihood that an act will realize some (contextually supplied) end. I raise a problem for this theory. It concerns the relation between ‘ought’ and the balance of reasons. ‘A ought to Φ’ seems to entail that the balance of reasons favours that A Φ-es, and vice versa. Given Finlay's semantics for ‘ought’, it also makes sense to think of reasons and their weight in terms of probability. In this paper, I develop such a theory of weight. It turns out, however, that it cannot explain the entailments. This leaves Finlay with a challenge: to explain these entailments in some other way consistent with his theory, or to show why the appearances deceive and there are no such entailments
PhilPapers/Archive ID
EVETET
Revision history
First archival date: 2010-09-22
Latest version: 2 (2011-05-02)
View upload history
References found in this work BETA
Reasons as Evidence.Stephen Kearns & Daniel Star - 2009 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 4:215-42.
Principia Ethica.Moore, G. E.

View all 9 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Added to PP index
2010-09-22

Total views
301 ( #11,050 of 42,358 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
61 ( #10,086 of 42,358 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks to external links.