A cognitive self-therapy : PI 138-97

In Erich Ammereller & Eugen Fischer (eds.), Wittgenstein at Work: Method in the Philosophical Investigations. Routledge. pp. 86--126 (2004)
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Wittgenstein compared his treatment of philosophical questions to the cure of an illness, his philosophical methods to different types of therapies. This paper seeks to spell out the point of these comparisons. To this end, it analyzes Wittgenstein's problems and proceeding in sections 138-197 of his "Philosophical Investigations", with the help of some new concepts, in part adapted from clinical psychology, namely, cognitive therapy. They are used to conceptualize the problems at issue in such a way as to bring out why anything worth calling a 'therapy' is required, in the first place. Then, the paper employs the model of cognitive therapy to clarify what Wittgenstein is doing in response. The chapter thus identifies a little noted but highly important kind of philosophical predicament, and explains a straightforward approach to it that is, in many ways, revolutionary.
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