Relationships and events: towards a general theory of reification and truthmaking.

In Advances in Artificial Intelligence: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence. pp. 237-249 (2016)
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We propose a novel ontological analysis of relations and relationships based on a re-visitation of a classic problem in the practice of knowledge repre- sentation and conceptual modeling, namely relationship reification. Our idea is that a relation holds in virtue of a relationship's existence. Relationships are therefore truthmakers of relations. In this paper we present a general theory or reification and truthmaking, and discuss the interplay between events and rela- tionships, suggesting that relationships are the focus of events, which emerge from the context (the scene) they occur in.
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Relations.MacBride, Fraser
Truthmakers.MacBride, Fraser

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Reification and Truthmaking Patterns.Guarino, Nicola; Guizzardi, Giancarlo & Prince Sales, Tiago

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