The information effect: constructive memory, testimony, and epistemic luck

Synthese 190 (12):2429-2456 (2013)
Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
The incorporation of post-event testimonial information into an agent’s memory representation of the event via constructive memory processes gives rise to the misinformation effect, in which the incorporation of inaccurate testimonial information results in the formation of a false memory belief. While psychological research has focussed primarily on the incorporation of inaccurate information, the incorporation of accurate information raises a particularly interesting epistemological question: do the resulting memory beliefs qualify as knowledge? It is intuitively plausible that they do not, for they appear to be only luckily true. I argue, however, that, despite its intuitive plausibility, this view is mistaken: once we adopt an adequate (modal) conception of epistemic luck and an adequate (adaptive) general approach to memory, it becomes clear that memory beliefs resulting from the incorporation of accurate testimonial information are not in general luckily true. I conclude by sketching some implications of this argument for the psychology of memory, suggesting that the misinformation effect would better be investigated in the context of a broader “information effect”
PhilPapers/Archive ID
Revision history
Archival date: 2015-05-21
View upload history
References found in this work BETA
Epistemic Luck.Pritchard, Duncan

View all 48 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Epistemic Feelings and Epistemic Emotions (Focus Section).Arango-Muñoz, Santiago & Michaelian, Kourken

View all 13 citations / Add more citations

Added to PP index

Total views
355 ( #9,096 of 42,343 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
51 ( #12,715 of 42,343 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks to external links.