The Protein Ontology: A structured representation of protein forms and complexes

Nucleic Acids Research 39 (1):D539-D545 (2011)
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The Protein Ontology (PRO) provides a formal, logically-based classification of specific protein classes including structured representations of protein isoforms, variants and modified forms. Initially focused on proteins found in human, mouse and Escherichia coli, PRO now includes representations of protein complexes. The PRO Consortium works in concert with the developers of other biomedical ontologies and protein knowledge bases to provide the ability to formally organize and integrate representations of precise protein forms so as to enhance accessibility to results of protein research. PRO ( is part of the Open Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) Foundry.
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The OBO Foundry: Coordinated Evolution of Ontologies to Support Biomedical Data Integration.Smith, Barry; Ashburner, Michael; Rosse, Cornelius; Bard, Jonathan; Bug, William; Ceusters, Werner; Goldberg, Louis J.; Eilbeck, Karen; Ireland, Amelia; Mungall, Christopher J.; Leontis, Neocles & Others,
Relations in Biomedical Ontologies.Smith, Barry; Ceusters, Werner; Klagges, Bert; Köhler, Jacob; Kuma, Anand; Lomax, Jane; Mungall, ; Neuhaus, Fabian; Rector, Alan & Rosse, Cornelius
An Improved Ontological Representation of Dendritic Cells as a Paradigm for All Cell Types.Masci, Anna Maria; Arighi, Cecilia N.; Diehl, Alexander D.; E. Liebermann, Anne; Mungall, Chris; Scheuermann, Richard H.; Smith, Barry & Cowell, Lindsay

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