Are Infants Conscious?

Philosophical Perspectives 37 (1):308-329 (2023)
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I argue that newborn infants are conscious. I propose a methodology for investigating infant consciousness, and I present two approaches for determining whether newborns are conscious. First, I consider behavioral and neurobiological markers of consciousness. Second, I investigate the major theories of consciousness, including both philosophical and scientific theories, and I discuss what they predict about infant consciousness.

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Claudia Passos-Ferreira
New York University


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