Are Infants Conscious?


In this paper, I will argue that newborns are conscious at birth and that it is possible to know what infants’ experiences are like. I propose a methodology for investigating infant consciousness and I present two approaches for determining whether infants are conscious. First, I will consider behavioral and neurobiological markers of consciousness. Second, I investigate the major theories of consciousness, including both philosophical and scientific theories, and I discuss what they predict about infant consciousness.

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Claudia Passos-Ferreira
New York University


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