Four Lenses for Designing Morally Engaging Games

Proceedings of 1st International Joint Conference of DiGRA and FDG (2016)
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Historically the focus of moral decision-making in games has been narrow, mostly confined to challenges of moral judgement (deciding right and wrong). In this paper, we look to moral psychology to get a broader view of the skills involved in ethical behaviour and how they may be employed in games. Following the Four Component Model of Rest and colleagues, we identify four “lenses” – perspectives for considering moral gameplay in terms of focus, sensitivity, judgement and action – and describe the design problems raised by each. To conclude, we analyse two recent games, The Walking Dead and Papers, Please, and show how the lenses give us insight into important design differences between them.
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Archival date: 2018-12-21
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Moral Stages a Current Formulation and a Response to Critics.Kohlberg, Lawrence; Levine, Charles & Hewer, Alexandra

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Morality Play: A Model for Developing Games of Moral Expertise.Staines, Dan; Formosa, Paul & Ryan, Malcolm
Training Moral Sensitivity Through Video Games: A Review of Suitable Game Mechanisms. [REVIEW]Johannes, Katsarov; Markus, Christen; David, Schmocker; Carmen, Tanner & Ralf, Mauerhofer

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