Compêndio Em Linha de Problemas de Filosofia Analítica
The semantic paradoxes are a family of arguments – including the
liar paradox, Curry’s paradox, Grelling’s paradox of heterologicality,
Richard’s and Berry’s paradoxes of definability, and others – which
have two things in common: first, they make an essential use of such
semantic concepts as those of truth, satisfaction, reference, definition, etc.; second, they seem to be very good arguments until we see that their conclusions are contradictory or absurd. These arguments raise serious doubts concerning the coherence of the concepts involved.
This article will offer an introduction to some of the main theories that have been proposed to solve the paradoxes and avert those doubts. Included is also a brief history of the semantic paradoxes from Eubulides to Tarski and Curry.