Elimination of Bias in Introspection: Methodological Advances, Refinements, and Recommendations

Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
Building on past constructive criticism, the present study provides further methodological development focused on the elimination of bias that may occur during first-person observation. First, various sources of errors that may accompany introspection are distinguished based on previous critical literature. Four main errors are classified, namely attentional, attributional, conceptual, and expressional error. Furthermore, methodological recommendations for the possible elimination of these errors have been determined based on the analysis and focused excerpting of introspective scientific literature. The following groups of methodological recommendations were determined: 1) a better focusing of the subject’s attention to their mental processes, 2) providing suitable stimuli, and 3) the sharing of introspective experience between subjects. Furthermore, the potential of adjustments in introspective research designs for eliminating attentional, attributional, conceptual, and expressional error is discussed.
PhilPapers/Archive ID
Upload history
First archival date: 2019-09-26
Latest version: 2 (2020-01-21)
View other versions
Added to PP index

Total views
385 ( #14,569 of 58,324 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
88 ( #7,299 of 58,324 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks on external links on PhilPapers.