A History of the Dutch Republic: Northern Troubles — The State of Villa Cruoninga and the Ommelanden before, during and after the signing of the Treaty of Reduction (1594)

Saxion University (Sep 1, 2017)
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This paper’s aim is to establish an explanation for the separation of Northern minds, by examining the influence of a variety of factors on the shaping of people’s sense of identity at the time. Near the end of the 16th century the Groningers had proven to be a people with a mind of their own—impetuous, unruly and, in the end, unwilling to join the Republic in its efforts to liberate itself from its oppressive Spanish overlord. One by one the Dutch cities had joined the revolution, but the city of Groningen refused. The ‘Ommelanden’—the city’s surrounding territory—however, did not—laying bare a critical disagreement between two ‘classes’: the Saxon city elite and the predominantly Frisian countryside nobles (Dutch plural: landjonkers/jonkheren).

Author's Profile

Jan M. van der Molen
University of Groningen


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