先秦儒家关于“欲”的理论 (Pre-Qin Confucian Theory on Human Desires)

中州学刊 (Academic Journal of Zhongzhou) 2006 (1):166-170 (2006)
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Abstract

The theory about human desire is one important component in early Confucian theory of humanity. It is worth our attention that Pre-Qin Confucians never put human desire at the absolute opposite position to the Heavenly Principle, as their successors do. Contrarily, they generally believe that the desire is the inseparable property of normal human nature, and making efforts to satisfy the human desire is reasonable. Only in terms of reducing the conflicts between human desire and the limited resources they advocate a moderate abstinence. [key words] Pre-Qin Confucianism; the theory of human nature; human nature is good; human desire.

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