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  1. Resurrection and Moral Order: An Outline for Evangelical Ethics.Oliver O'Donovan - 1986 - Eerdmans.
    In this revision of a seminal work, O'Donovan describes the shape of a Christian moral theology which has wide implications for creation, history, knowledge, freedom, and authority--his purpose being to outline a system of theological ethics and to describe the nature of the moral response within redeemed creation: acts of surrender, obedience, and love.
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  • Moral Transhumanism: The Next Step.M. N. Tennison - 2012 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (4):405-416.
    Although transhumanism offers hope for the transcendence of human biological limitations, it generates many intrinsic and consequential ethical concerns. The latter include issues such as the exacerbation of social inequalities and the exponentially increasing technological capacity to cause harm. To mitigate these risks, many thinkers have initiated investigations into the possibility of moral enhancement that could limit the power disparities facilitated by biotechnological enhancement. The arguments often focus on whether moral enhancement is morally permissible, or even obligatory, and remain largely (...)
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  • Transhumanism: A New Kind of Promethean Hubris.Agneta Sutton - 2015 - The New Bioethics 21 (2):117-127.
    Asking whether transhumanist hopes of overcoming ageing and cognitive and other shortcomings are realistic, this paper pitches a Christian anthropology against a transhumanist anthropology. It is shown that on critical examination many of the technologies proposed by transhumanists in order to better or extend human life raise questions about dualism and materialism, about our nature as relational beings, and indeed even about what it means to be alive.
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  • Egalitarianism and Moral Bioenhancement.Robert Sparrow - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):20-28.
    A number of philosophers working in applied ethics and bioethics are now earnestly debating the ethics of what they term “moral bioenhancement.” I argue that the society-wide program of biological manipulations required to achieve the purported goals of moral bioenhancement would necessarily implicate the state in a controversial moral perfectionism. Moreover, the prospect of being able to reliably identify some people as, by biological constitution, significantly and consistently more moral than others would seem to pose a profound challenge to egalitarian (...)
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  • The perils of cognitive enhancement and the urgent imperative to enhance the moral character of humanity.Ingmar Persson & Julian Savulescu - 2008 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (3):162-177.
    abstract As history shows, some human beings are capable of acting very immorally. 1 Technological advance and consequent exponential growth in cognitive power means that even rare evil individuals can act with catastrophic effect. The advance of science makes biological, nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction easier and easier to fabricate and, thus, increases the probability that they will come into the hands of small terrorist groups and deranged individuals. Cognitive enhancement by means of drugs, implants and biological (including (...)
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  • Against Fetishism About Egalitarianism and in Defense of Cautious Moral Bioenhancement.Ingmar Persson & Julian Savulescu - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):39-42.
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  • Moral Enhancement Requires Multiple Virtues.James J. Hughes - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (1):86-95.
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  • Stimulating brains, altering minds.W. Glannon - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (5):289-292.
    Deep-brain stimulation has been used to treat advanced Parkinson disease and other neurological and psychiatric disorders that have not responded to other treatments. While deep-brain stimulation can modulate overactive or underactive regions of the brain and thereby improve motor function, it can also cause changes in a patient’s thought and personality. This paper discusses the trade-offs between the physiological benefit of this technique and the potential psychological harm.
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  • Transhumanism.Francis Fukuyama - 2004 - Foreign Policy 144:42–43.
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  • Moral enhancement.Thomas Douglas - 2008 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (3):228-245.
    Opponents of biomedical enhancement often claim that, even if such enhancement would benefit the enhanced, it would harm others. But this objection looks unpersuasive when the enhancement in question is a moral enhancement — an enhancement that will expectably leave the enhanced person with morally better motives than she had previously. In this article I (1) describe one type of psychological alteration that would plausibly qualify as a moral enhancement, (2) argue that we will, in the medium-term future, probably be (...)
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  • In defense of posthuman dignity.Nick Bostrom - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (3):202–214.
    Positions on the ethics of human enhancement technologies can be (crudely) characterized as ranging from transhumanism to bioconservatism. Transhumanists believe that human enhancement technologies should be made widely available, that individuals should have broad discretion over which of these technologies to apply to themselves, and that parents should normally have the right to choose enhancements for their children-to-be. Bioconservatives (whose ranks include such diverse writers as Leon Kass, Francis Fukuyama, George Annas, Wesley Smith, Jeremy Rifkin, and Bill McKibben) are generally (...)
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  • The Extended Evolutionary Synthesis: Its Structure, Assumptions and Predictions.Kevin Laland, Uller N., Feldman Tobias, W. Marcus, Kim Sterelny, Gerd Müller, Moczek B., Jablonka Armin, Odling-Smee Eva & John - 2015 - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 282 (1813):20151019.
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  • Begotten or Made?Oliver O’Donovan - 1984 - Clarendon Press.
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  • Reflections on The Evolution Of Morality.Christine Korsgaard - 2010 - The Amherst Lecture in Philosophy 5:1-29.
    In recent years a number of biologists, anthropologists, and animal scientists have tried to explain the biological evolution of morality, and claim to have found the rudiments of morality in the altruistic behavior of our nearest nonhuman relatives. I argue that there is one feature of morality to which these accounts do not pay adequate attention: normative self-government, the capacity to be motivated to do something by the thought that you ought to do it. This is a feature of the (...)
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  • A Community of Character: Toward a Constructive Christian Social Ethic.Stanley Hauerwas - 1981 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Selected by Christianity Today as one of the 100 most important books on religion of the twentieth century. Leading theological ethicist Stanley Hauerwas shows how discussions of Christology and the authority of scripture involve questions about what kind of community the church must be to rightly tell the stories of God. He challenges the dominant assumption of contemporary Christian social ethics that there is a special relation between Christianity and some form of liberal democratic social system.
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  • Caffeine and Adenosine.Joaquim A. Ribeiro & Ana M. Sebastiao - 2010 - Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease 20 (1):3–15.
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  • Human Becoming: Cognitive and Moral Enhancement Inside the Imago Dei Narrative.Tomislav Miletić - 2015 - Theology and Science 13 (4):425–445.
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  • Theologians Testing Transhumanism.Ted Peters - 2015 - Theology and Science 13 (2):130–149.
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  • Dependent Rational Animals: Why Human Beings Need the Virtues.Alasdair C. MacIntyre - 1999 - Open Court.
    According to the author of "After Virtue, " to flourish, humans need to develop virtues of independent thought and acknowledged social dependence. This book presents the moral philosopher's comparison of humans to other animals and his exploration of the impact of these virtues.
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  • Three Rival Versions of Moral Enquiry.Alasdair MacIntyre - 1990 - Duckworth.
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  • Transhumanism and Transcendence: Christian Hope in an Age of Technological Enhancement.Ronald Cole-Turner (ed.) - 2011 - Georgetown University Press.
    The timeless human desire to be more beautiful, intelligent, healthy, athletic, or young has given rise in our time to technologies of human enhancement. Athletes use drugs to increase their strength or stamina; cosmetic surgery is widely used to improve physical appearance; millions of men take drugs like Viagra to enhance sexual performance. And today researchers are exploring technologies such as cell regeneration and implantable devices that interact directly with the brain. Some condemn these developments as a new kind of (...)
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  • Disputed Questions on the Virtues.Thomas Aquinas - 1999 - St. Augustine’s Press.
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  • Commentary on the Nicomachean Ethics.Thomas Aquinas - 1964 - Henry Regerny.
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  • Remaking Human Nature: Transhumanism, Theology and Creatureliness in Bioethical Controversies.Celia Deane-Drummond - 2015 - In Calvin R. Mercer (ed.), Religion and Transhumanism: The Unknown Future of Human Enhancement. Abc-Clio. pp. 245–254.
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  • The Risks of Transhumanism: Religious Engagements with the Precautionary and Proactionary Principles.Daniel McFee - 2015 - In Calvin R. Mercer (ed.), Religion and Transhumanism: The Unknown Future of Human Enhancement. Abc-Clio. pp. 217–228.
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  • Chasing Methuselah: Transhumanism and Christian Theosis in Critical Perspective.Todd T. W. Daly - 2011 - In Ronald Cole-Turner (ed.), Transhumanism and Transcendence: Christian Hope in an Age of Technological Enhancement. Georgetown University Press. pp. 131–144.
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  • Artificial Wombs and Cyborg Births: Postgenderism and Theology.J. Jeanine Thweatt-Bates - 2011 - In Ronald Cole-Turner (ed.), Transhumanism and Transcendence: Christian Hope in an Age of Technological Enhancement. Georgetown University Press. pp. 101–114.
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  • Serotonin Selectively Influences Moral Judgment and Behavior through Effects on Harm Aversion.M. J. Crockett, L. Clark, M. D. Hauser & T. W. Robbins - 2010 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107 (40):17433–17438.
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  • Reflections on the Evolution of Morality.Christine M. Korsgaard - 2010 - The Amehurst Lecture in Philosophy 5:1–29.
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  • The Unknowns of Cognitive Enhancement.Martha J. Farah - 2015 - Science 350 (6259):379–380.
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  • Present and Future Developments in Cognitive Enhancement Technologies.Arthur Saniotis - 2009 - Journal of Futures Studies 14 (1):27–38.
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  • Non-Pharmacological Cognitive Enhancement.Martin Dresler, Anders Sandberg, Kathrin Ohla, Christoph Bublitz, Carlos Trenado, Aleksandra Mroczko-Wąsowicz, Simone Kühn & Dimitris Repantis - 2013 - Neuropharmacology 64:529–543.
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  • Botox for the Brain: Enhancement of Cognition, Mood and pro-Social Behavior and Blunting of Unwanted Memories.Reinoud de Jongh, Ineke Bolt, Maartje Schermer & Berend Olivier - 2008 - Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 32 (4):760–776.
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  • Summa Theologiae (1265-1273).Thomas Aquinas - 1911
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  • What Should We Do about Student Use of Cognitive Enhancers? An Analysis of Current Evidence.C. Ian Ragan, Imre Bard & Ilina Singh - 2013 - Neuropharmacology 64:588–595.
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  • Deep Brain Stimulation in Addiction: A Review of Potential Brain Targets. [REVIEW]J. Luigjes, W. Van Den Brink, M. Feenstra, P. Van den Munckhof, P. R. Schuurman, R. Schippers, A. Mazaheri, T. J. De Vries & D. Denys - 2012 - Molecular Psychiatry 17 (6):572–583.
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  • Transhumanism.Julian Huxley - 1968 - Journal of Humanistic Psychology 8 (1):73–76.
    In his famous paper, Julian Huxley gives the outline of what he believes future humanity could – and should – look like. By pointing out the numerous limitations and feebleness the human nature is – at the time – prone to, and by confronting them with the possibilities humankind has, Huxley expresses the need to research and put into use all possible measures that would enable man achieve utmost perfection.
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  • A history of transhumanist thought.Nick Bostrom - 2005 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 14 (1):1-25.
    The human desire to acquire new capacities is as ancient as our species itself. We have always sought to expand the boundaries of our existence, be it socially, geographically, or mentally. There is a tendency in at least some individuals always to search for a way around every obstacle and limitation to human life and happiness.
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  • Non-pharmacological cognitive enhancement.Martin Dresler, Anders Sandberg, Kathrin Ohla, Chris Bublitz, Carlos Trenado, Aleksandra Mroczko-Wąsowicz, Simone Kühn & Dimitris Repantis - 2013 - Neuropharmacology 64:529-543.
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