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  1. Agent-Based Models of Dual-Use Research Restrictions.Elliott Wagner & Jonathan Herington - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axz017.
    Scientific research that could cause grave harm, either through accident or intentional malevolence, is known as dual-use research. Recent high-profile cases of dual-use research in the life sciences have led to debate about the extent to which restrictions on the conduct and dissemination of such research may impede scientific progress. We adapt formal models of scientific networks to systematically explore the effects that different regulatory schemes may have on a community’s ability to learn about the world. Our results suggest that, (...)
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  • Dual-Use Decision Making: Relational and Positional Issues.Nicholas G. Evans - 2014 - Monash Bioethics Review 32 (3-4):268-283.
    Debates about dual-use research often turn on the potential for scientific research to be used to benefit or harm humanity. This dual-use potential is conventionally understood as the product of the magnitude of the harms and benefits of dual-use research, multiplied by their likelihood. This account, however, neglects important social aspects of the use of science and technology. In this paper, I supplement existing conceptions of dual-use potential to account for the social context of dual-use research. This account incorporates relational (...)
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  • The Ethics of Biosafety Considerations in Gain-of-Function Research Resulting in the Creation of Potential Pandemic Pathogens: Table 1.Nicholas Greig Evans, Marc Lipsitch & Meira Levinson - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (11):901-908.
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  • The Dual Use of Research Ethics Committees: Why Professional Self-Governance Falls Short in Preserving Biosecurity.Sabine Salloch - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):53.
    Dual Use Research of Concern constitutes a major challenge for research practice and oversight on the local, national and international level. The situation in Germany is shaped by two partly competing suggestions of how to regulate security-related research: The German Ethics Council, as an independent political advisory body, recommended a series of measures, including national legislation on DURC. Competing with that, the German National Academy of Sciences and the German Research Foundation, as two major professional bodies, presented a strategy which (...)
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  • Biosecurity and Open-Source Biology: The Promise and Peril of Distributed Synthetic Biological Technologies.Nicholas G. Evans & Michael J. Selgelid - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):1065-1083.
    In this article, we raise ethical concerns about the potential misuse of open-source biology : biological research and development that progresses through an organisational model of radical openness, deskilling, and innovation. We compare this organisational structure to that of the open-source software model, and detail salient ethical implications of this model. We demonstrate that OSB, in virtue of its commitment to openness, may be resistant to governance attempts.
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