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Decisions, Uncertainty, and the Brain

Mind 114 (455):737-739 (2005)

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  1. On the Interpretation of Decision Theory.Samir Okasha - forthcoming - Economics and Philosophy:1-25.
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  • What to Say to a Skeptical Metaphysician: A Defense Manual for Cognitive and Behavioral Scientists.Don Ross & David Spurrett - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):603-627.
    A wave of recent work in metaphysics seeks to undermine the anti-reductionist, functionalist consensus of the past few decades in cognitive science and philosophy of mind. That consensus apparently legitimated a focus on what systems do, without necessarily and always requiring attention to the details of how systems are constituted. The new metaphysical challenge contends that many states and processes referred to by functionalist cognitive scientists are epiphenomenal. It further contends that the problem lies in functionalism itself, and that, to (...)
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  • Game Theory in Studies of Evolution and Development: Prospects for Deeper Use.Don Ross - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (1):31-32.
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  • Game Theory as Mathematics for Biology: Evolutionary Dynamics and Extensive Form Games Ross Cressman Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003 (330 Pp; $48.00 Hbk; ISBN 0262033054); Moral Sentiments and Material Interests Herbert Gintis , Samuel Bowles , Robert Boyd and Ernst Fehr , Eds Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005 (416 Pp; $50.00 Hbk; ISBN 0262072521).Don Ross - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (1):104-107.
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  • Review of Paul W. Glimcher’s Foundations of Neuroeconomic Analysis. [REVIEW]David Frank - 2011 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 4 (1):88.
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  • Francesco Guala the Methodology of Experimental Economics.Don Ross - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (2):247-252.
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  • For a Few Neurons More: Tractability and Neurally Informed Economic Modelling.Matteo Colombo - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (4):713-736.
    There continues to be significant confusion about the goals, scope, and nature of modelling practice in neuroeconomics. This article aims to dispel some such confusion by using one of the most recent critiques of neuroeconomic modelling as a foil. The article argues for two claims. First, currently, for at least some economic model of choice behaviour, the benefits derivable from neurally informing an economic model do not involve special tractability costs. Second, modelling in neuroeconomics is best understood within Marr’s three-level (...)
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  • Are We Predictive Engines? Perils, Prospects, and the Puzzle of the Porous Perceiver.Andy Clark - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):233-253.
    The target article sketched and explored a mechanism (action-oriented predictive processing) most plausibly associated with core forms of cortical processing. In assessing the attractions and pitfalls of the proposal we should keep that element distinct from larger, though interlocking, issues concerning the nature of adaptive organization in general.
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  • Review of [ Maynard Keynes, An Economist's Biography by D. Moggridge]. [REVIEW]John Davis - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (2):359.
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  • The Evolution of Individualistic Norms.Don Ross - 2012 - In Kim Sterelny, Richard Joyce, Brett Calcott & Ben Fraser (eds.), Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication. MIT Press. pp. 17.
    It is generally recognized that descriptive and normative individualism are logically independent theses. This paper defends the stronger view that recognition of the falsehood of descriptive individualism is crucial to understanding the evolutionary and developmental basis of normative individualism. The argument given for this is not analytic; rather, it is based on empirical generalizations about the evolution of markets with specialized labor, about the nature of information processing in large markets, and about the socialization of human children.
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  • Institutions, Distributed Cognition and Agency: Rule-Following as Performative Action.Carsten Herrmann-Pillath - 2012 - Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (1):21-42.
    Aoki recently proposed the concept of substantive institutions, a concept that relates the outcomes of strategic interaction with public representations of the equilibrium states of games. I argue that the Aoki model can be grounded in theories of distributed cognition and performativity, which I put into the context of Searle's philosophical account of institutions. Substantive institutions build on regularized causal interactions between internal neuronal mechanisms and external facts, shared in a population of agents. Following Searle's proposal of conceiving rule-following as (...)
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  • Inaugural Lecture: Philosophy Enough.David Spurrett - 2009 - South African Journal of Philosophy 28 (1):43-64.
    This inaugural lecture was delivered at the Howard College Campus of UKZN on 2 April 2008. In it I do three things. First I sketch some arguments in favour of a naturalist conception of philosophy. The conclusions that I’m after are that philosophy is not an autonomous enterprise, so that it had better be continuous with scientific enquiry if it is to get anywhere. A supplementary claim I defend briefly is that the natural and social sciences should be viewed as (...)
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  • The Methodologies of Neuroeconomics.Glenn Harrison & Don Ross - 2010 - Journal of Economic Methodology 17 (2):185-196.
    We critically review the methodological practices of two research programs which are jointly called?neuroeconomics?. We defend the first of these, termed?neurocellular economics? by Ross, from an attack on its relevance by Gul and Pesendorfer. This attack arbitrarily singles out some but not all processing variables as unimportant to economics, is insensitive to the realities of empirical theory testing, and ignores the central importance to economics of?ecological rationality?. GP ironically share this last attitude with advocates of?behavioral economics in the scanner?, the (...)
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  • On an Evolutionary Foundation of Neuroeconomics: Burkhard C. Schipper.Burkhard C. Schipper - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):495-513.
    Neuroeconomics focuses on brain imaging studies mapping neural responses to choice behaviour. Economic theory is concerned with choice behaviour but it is silent on neural activities. We present a game theoretic model in which players are endowed with an additional structure – a simple “nervous system” – and interact repeatedly in changing games. The nervous system constrains information processing functions and behavioural functions. By reinterpreting results from evolutionary game theory, we suggest that nervous systems can develop to “function well” in (...)
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  • Efficient Statistics, Common Currencies and the Problem of Reward-Harvesting.P. Read Montague & Brooks King-Casas - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (12):514-519.
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  • Problemy determinizmu i wolnej woli w neurobiologii - neuroekonomia Paula Glimchera.Jacek Dębiec - 2004 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 34.
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  • Action-Oriented Predictive Processing and the Neuroeconomics of Sub-Cognitive Reward.Don Ross - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):225-226.
    Clark expresses reservations about Friston's reductive interpretation of action-oriented predictive processing (AOPP) models of cognition, but he doesn't link these reservations to specific alternatives. Neuroeconomic models of sub-cognitive reward valuation, which, like AOPP, integrate attention with action based on prediction error, are such an alternative. They interpret reward valuation as an input to neocortical processing instead of reducing it.
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  • Two Styles of Neuroeconomics.Don Ross - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):473-483.
    I distinguish between two styles of research that are both called . Neurocellular economics (NE) uses the modelling techniques and mathematics of economics to model relatively encapsulated functional parts of brains. This approach rests upon the fact that brains are, like markets, massively distributed information-processing networks over which executive systems can exert only limited and imperfect governance. Harrison's (2008) deepest criticisms of neuroeconomics do not apply to NE. However, the more famous style of neuroeconomics is behavioural economics in the scanner. (...)
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  • Setting the Scientistic Cat Among the Humanist Pigeons.Andries Gouws - 2010 - South African Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):28-56.
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