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  1. The Promissory Future(s) of Education: Rethinking Scientific Literacy in the Era of Biocapitalism.Clayton Pierce - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (7):721-745.
    This article investigates the biopolitical dimensions that have grown out of the union between biocapitalism and current science education reform in the US. Drawing on science and technology study theorists, I utilize the analytics of promissory valuation and salvationary discourses to understand how scientific literacy in the neo‐Sputnik era has deeply involved educational life in biocapitalist circuits of exchange and production. I lay out this emerging terrain of ‘futuricity’ through a biopolitical analysis of the National Academies highly influential policy recommendation (...)
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  • Autonomy and the Politics of Food Choice: From Individuals to Communities.Tony Chackal - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (2):123-141.
    Individuals use their capacity for autonomy to express preferences regarding food choices. Food choices are fundamental, universal, and reflect a diversity of interests and cultural preferences. Traditionally, autonomy is cast in only epistemic terms, and the social and political dimension of it, where autonomy obstruction tends to arise, is omitted. This reflects problematic limits in the Cartesian notion of the individual. Because this notion ignores context and embodiment, the external and internal constraints on autonomy that extend from social location are (...)
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  • Power, Soft or Deep? An Attempt at Constructive Criticism.Peter Baumann & Gisela Cramer - 2017 - Las Torres de Lucca: Revista Internacional de Filosofía Política 6 (10):177-214.
    This paper discusses and criticizes Joseph Nye’s account of soft power. First, we set the stage and make some general remarks about the notion of social power. In the main part of this paper we offer a detailed critical discussion of Nye’s conception of soft power. We conclude that it is too unclear and confused to be of much analytical use. However, despite this failure, Nye is aiming at explaining an important but also neglected form of social power: the power (...)
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  • Spirituality, Economics, and Education A Dialogic Critique of Spiritual Capital.J. Gregory Keller & Robert J. Helfenbein - 2008 - Nebula 5 (4):109-128.
    This paper consists of a conversation between a philosopher specialising in ethics and religion and an educational researcher with an interest in cultural studies and contemporary social theory. Dialogic in form, this paper employs an interdisciplinary response to an interdisciplinary project and offers the following components: a dialogic theorizing of the implications for education of a research project on spiritual capital; a continuation of the project of analyzing moral thinking in various cultural and societal settings; a continuation of the project (...)
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  • Work Ethic.Edmund Byrne - 2017 - In D. C. Poff, A. C. Michalos & Deborah Poff and Alex Michalos (eds.), Encyclopedia of Business and Professional Ethics. Springer. pp. W, 1-5.
    A work ehic is a value-based motivation for working. In the now developed world, three such values have been stressed over time: soial status, duty, and wealth or, simply, money. Craft pride has also been proffered but is increasingly a victim of automation. Each will be considered here. First, however, a few remarks about how socio-economic conditions influence a society's stance regarding one's obligation to work.
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  • Reading 'On Certainty' Through the Lens of Cavell: Scepticism, Dogmatism and the 'Groundlessness of Our Believing'.Chantal Bax - 2013 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 21 (4):515 - 533.
    While Cavell is well known for his reinterpretation of the later Wittgenstein, he has never really engaged himself with post-Investigations writings like On Certainty. This collection may, however, seem to undermine the profoundly anti-dogmatic reading of Wittgenstein that Cavell has developed. In addition to apparently arguing against what Cavell calls ‘the truth of skepticism’ – a phrase contested by other Wittgensteinians – On Certainty may seem to justify the rejection of whoever dares to question one’s basic presuppositions. According to On (...)
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  • Safe in Unsafe Places: Leisure, Passionate Avocations, and the Problematizing of Everyday Public Life.Elinor Lerner, Ann Leffler & Dair L. Gillespie - 1996 - Society and Animals 4 (2):169-188.
    Leisure is often distingtrished frorn and considered subsidiary to some other world, the "real" world. This paper explores how participation in passionate avocations _ leisure pursuits both generating and requiring heavy personal identity investments_ affects the public interface between the "real " world and the alternate world of the passionate avocation. We use the world of dog sport enthusiasts to problematize polar conceptualizations of certain important aspects of social life. In particular, we examine shifting experiential definitions of "safe" and "unsafe" (...)
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  • University Ranking: A Dialogue on Turning Towards Alternatives.Sarah Amsler - 2013 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 13 (2):1-12.
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  • Thinking Technology, Thinking Nature.Dana S. Belu - 2005 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 48 (6):572 – 591.
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  • Existential Social Theory After the Poststructuralist and Communication Turns.Martin Beck Matuštík - 2002 - Human Studies 25 (2):147-164.
    Thomas Flynn's work on Sartre and Foucault, the first of a two-volume project, offers a unique opportunity for examining an existential theory of history. It occasions rethinking existential-social categories from the vantage point of the poststructuralist turn. And it contributes to developing existential variants of critical theory. The following questions guide me in each of the three above areas. First, how is human history intelligible, given not only our finite sense of ourselves but also claims that we have reached the (...)
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  • From Technological Skill to the Poetic Competence of the Imagination.Miguel Sánchez-rodríguez - 2012 - Pensamiento y Cultura 15 (1):45-59.
    Este texto muestra cómo la tradición fenomenológica de la filosofía de la tecnología ha interrogado y cuestionado a la tecnología moderna entendida como ciencia aplicada y neutral. El análisis inicia con la indagación ontológica sobre el significado de la técnica para el hombre llevada a cabo por Heidegger y Ortega, para señalar luego la pertinencia de encontrar vínculoscon otros modos de considerar la acción práctica del hombre y explicitar con ello el acercamiento entre la racionalidad técnica con el poder humanizante (...)
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  • Ethics of the ILO: Kohlberg's Universal Moral Development Scale.Thomas Klikauer - 2011 - Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (2):33.
    International institutions such as the International Labour Organization (ILO) have been examined from various industrial relations viewpoints. This article seeks to discuss the ILO from the standpoint of moral philosophy. Traditionally, philosophy has not been concerned with industrial relations (IR) and IR writers have not engaged with ethics either. Nonetheless, all IR agents and institutions, international or otherwise, are moral agents. Being part of the United Nations (UN), the ILO follows the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948). In philosophical terms, (...)
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  • Technical Mediation and Subjectivation: Tracing and Extending Foucault’s Philosophy of Technology. [REVIEW]Steven Dorrestijn - 2012 - Philosophy and Technology 25 (2):221-241.
    This article focuses on tracing and extending Michel Foucault’s contributions to the philosophy of technology. At first sight his work on power seems the most relevant. In his later work on subjectivation and ethics technology is absent. However, notably by recombining Foucault’s work on power with his work on subjectivation, does his work contribute to solving pertinent problems in current approaches to the ethics of technology. First, Foucault’s position is compared to critical theory and Heidegger, and associated with the approach (...)
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  • Humanising Sociological Knowledge.Marcus Morgan - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (5-6):555-571.
    This paper elaborates on the value of a humanistic approach to the production and judgement of sociological knowledge by defending this approach against some common criticisms. It argues that humanising sociological knowledge not only lends an appropriate epistemological humility to the discipline, but also encourages productive knowledge development by suggesting that a certain irreverence to what is considered known is far more important for generating useful new perspectives on social phenomena than defensive vindications of existing knowledge. It also suggests that (...)
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  • Play, Idleness and the Problem of Necessity in Schiller and Marcuse.Brian O'Connor - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (6):1095-1117.
    The central concern of this paper is to explore the efforts of Schiller's post-Kantian idealism and Marcuse's critical theory to develop a new conception of free human experience. That conception is built on the notion of play. Play is said to combine the human capacities for physical pleasure and reason, capacities which the modern world has dualized. Analysis of their respective accounts of play reveals its ambivalent form in the work of both philosophers. Play supports the ideal of ‘freedom from (...)
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  • Affective Capitalism, Higher Education and the Constitution of the Social Body Althusser, Deleuze, and Negri on Spinoza and Marxism.Michael A. Peters - 2019 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 51 (5):465-473.
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  • Relations of Production.Jason Read - 2015 - Historical Materialism 23 (3):201-214.
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  • The Pedagogy of the Body: Affect and Collective Individuation in the Classroom and on the Dancefloor.Jeremy Gilbert - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (6):681-692.
    Much recent work in the study of popular culture has emphasized the extent to which it is not only a site of signifying practices, myths, meanings and identifications, but also an arena of intensities, of affective flows and corporeal state-changes. From this perspective, many areas of popular culture (from calisthenics to social dance to video gaming) can be seen as sites at which rich and complex?if sometimes dangerous?processes of embodied learning/teaching take place. By comparison, the world of formal education can (...)
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  • Politics of Critical Pedagogy and New Social Movements.Seehwa Cho - 2010 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (3):310-325.
    The proponents of critical pedagogy criticize the earlier Neo‐Marxist theories of education, arguing that they provide only a ‘language of critique’. By introducing the possibility of human agency and resistance, critical pedagogists attempt to develop not only a pedagogy of critique, but also to build a pedagogy of hope. Fundamentally, the aim of critical pedagogy is twofold: 1) to correct the pessimistic conclusions of Neo‐Marxist theories, and 2) to transform a ‘language of critique’ into a ‘language of possibility’ . Then, (...)
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  • Is the Hegemonic Position of American Culture Able to Subjugate Local Cultures of Importing Countries? A Constructive Analysis on the Phenomenon of Cultural Localization.Tien-Hui Chiang - 2014 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 46 (13):1412-1426.
    It has been argued that globalization assists the USA to gain a hegemonic position, allowing it to export its culture. Because this exportation leads to the domination by American culture of the local cultures of importing countries, which are the key element in sustaining their citizens’ national identity, citizens of these countries are unable to protect state sovereignty from this cultural invasion. In order to prevent a political crisis arising from such an invasion, these countries will adopt the strategy of (...)
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  • Ultimate Concern, Reflection of Civilization, and the Idea of “Man” in Yin Haiguang.Zhongjiang Wang - 2011 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (4):565-584.
    Yin Haiguang’s investigation and pursuit of the idea of “Man” reflect not merely a limited historical or parochial academic interest, but indeed address an ultimate concern of humanity which transcends any spatio-temporal limitations. In criticizing “modern man” for its faceless and non-self-identical figure, Yin Haiguang brings the conditions, purposes and noble values of humanity to light. His work has extraordinary significance for the highest aims of humanity and civilization.
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  • Technology, Capabilities and Critical Perspectives: What Can Critical Theory Contribute to Sen’s Capability Approach? [REVIEW]Yingqin Zheng & Bernd Carsten Stahl - 2011 - Ethics and Information Technology 13 (2):69-80.
    This paper explores what insights can be drawn from critical theory to enrich and strengthen Sen’s capability approach in relation to technology and human development. The two theories share some important commonalities: both are concerned with the pursuit of “a good life”; both are normative theories rooted in ethics and meant to make a difference, and both are interested in democracy. The paper provides a brief overview of both schools of thought and their applications to technology and human development. Three (...)
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  • Technology, Knowledge, Governance: The Political Relevance of Husserl’s Critique of the Epistemic Effects of Formalization.Peter Woelert - 2013 - Continental Philosophy Review 46 (4):487-507.
    This paper explores the political import of Husserl’s critical discussion of the epistemic effects of the formalization of rational thinking. More specifically, it argues that this discussion is of direct relevance to make sense of the pervasive processes of ‘technization’, that is, of a mechanistic and superficial generation and use of knowledge, to be observed in current contexts of governance. Building upon Husserl’s understanding of formalization as a symbolic technique for abstraction in the thinking with and about numbers, I argue (...)
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  • The Freedom–Responsibility Nexus in Management Philosophy and Business Ethics.Claus Dierksmeier - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (2):263 - 283.
    This article pursues the question whether and inasmuch theories of corporate responsibility are dependent on conceptions of managerial freedom. I argue that neglect of the idea of freedom in economic theory has led to an inadequate conceptualization of the ethical responsibilities of corporations within management theory. In a critical review of the history of economic ideas, I investigate why and how the idea of freedom was gradually removed from the canon of economics. This reconstruction aims at a deconstruction of certain (...)
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  • Critical Social Theory: A Portrait.Carlos A. Torres - 2012 - Ethics and Education 7 (2):115-124.
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  • The Quiet Desperation of Robert Dahl's (Quiet) Radicalism.Tom Hoffman - 2000 - Critical Review 15 (1-2):87-122.
    Abstract Robert Dahl's democratic theory has been remarkably consistent over the course of his long career. While Dahl has maintained a markedly un?romantic view of modern democracy, and can best be read as an immanent critic of its liberal variant, he has steadily clung to certain radical aspirations, even as their prospects have waned. Dahl's often?unnoticed radicalism lies in his desire to see democracy break out of the institutional bonds of the liberal state. Reviewing his career forces one to consider (...)
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  • Filling Out the Picture: Wittgenstein on Differences and Alternatives. Bowell - 2009 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 17 (2):203 – 219.
    At several points in his later writings Wittgenstein discusses imaginary forms of life and ways of thinking that appear queer or alien from our point of view; concepts so different from ours that those who think from within them seem to be alternatives to us. In this paper I argue that reflection on the notions of difference and possibility in play here shows that imaginary cases of alien conceptual schemes or forms of life such as those considered by Wittgenstein are (...)
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  • The Infantilization of the Postmodern Adult and the Figure of Kidult.Jacopo Bernardini - 2014 - Postmodern Openings 5 (2):39-55.
    Being young today is no longer a transitory stage, but rather a choice of life, well established and brutally promoted by the media system. While the classic paradigms of adulthood and maturation could interpret such infantile behavior as a symptom of deviance, such behavior has become a model to follow, an ideal of fun and being carefree, present in a wide variety of contexts of society. The contemporary adult follows a sort of thoughtful immaturity, a conscious escape from the responsibilities (...)
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  • Privacy for Sale—Business as Usual in the 21st Century: An Economic and Normative Critique.Wilhelm Peekhaus - 2007 - Journal of Information Ethics 16 (1):83-98.
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  • Modernity in Philosophy and Sociology: An Appraisal with Special Reference to Bangladesh.Lipon Kumar Mondal - 2012 - Philosophy and Progress 51 (1).
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  • The Art of Healing: Psychoanalysis, Culture and Cure.Joanna Elizabeth Thornton Kellond - unknown
    This thesis explores how we might think the relation between psychoanalysis and the cultural field through Donald Winnicott’s concept of the environment, seeking to bring the concept into dialogue with more “classical” strands of psychoanalytic theorizing. A substantial introduction sets out the rationale behind the thesis by reading Freud and Winnicott in relation to the “classic” and the “romantic”, or the “negative” and “positive”, in psychoanalytic thought. It goes on to outline the value of bringing these tendencies together in order (...)
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  • On Technology and the Prospects for Good Practice in the Human Services: Donald Schön, Martin Heidegger, and the Case for Phronesis and Praxis.M. Emslie & R. Watts - forthcoming - .
    Technology is fundamental to and embedded in the way practice is conceptualized and institutionalized in social service work. Many scholars assume and expect that good practices of care are achieved with the correct application of theory produced by rigorous scientific research. However, there are significant critiques of this viewpoint. We examine the work of Donald Schön and Martin Heidegger and agree with these authors' suggestions that technical rationality and modern technology are not the way to achieve good practice in the (...)
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  • Obligations Beyond Competency: Metabletics as a Conscientious Psychology.M. Sipiora - 2008 - Janus Head 10 (2):425-443.
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  • Sustainable Development: Epistemological Frameworks & an Ethic of Choice.Andrew H. T. Fergus & Julie I. A. Rowney - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 57 (2):197-207.
    As the second part of a research agenda addressing the idea and meaning of Sustainable Development, this paper responds to the challenges set in the first paper. Using a Foucaudian perspective, we uncover and highlight the importance of discourse in the development of societal context which could lead to the radical change in our epistemological thought necessary for Sustainable Development to reach its potential. By developing an argument for an epistemological change, we suggest that business organizations have an ethical responsibility (...)
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  • Locating a Space for Ethics to Appear in Decision-Making: Privacy as an Exemplar.William Bonner - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (3):221-234.
    Using concepts from Ulrich Beck's Risk Society, this paper argues that as expertise proliferates questions of ethics in decision-making fall through gaps between domains of expertise. As a consequence, unethical outcomes are unattached to actions taken with no one accountable or responsible for these outcomes. Using Actor-Network Theory, a case study is presented showing how the sale of students' personal information by the Calgary Board of Education escaped questions of ethics. The sale of student information was the product of the (...)
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  • Education, Environment and Sustainability: What Are the Issues, Where to Intervene, What Must Be Done?Timothy W. Luke - 2001 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 33 (2):187–202.
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  • The Detraditionalization of Intimacy Reconsidered.Neil Gross - 2005 - Sociological Theory 23 (3):286-311.
    This essay challenges those strains of contemporary social theory that regard romantic/sexual intimacy as a premier site of detraditionalization in the late modern era. Striking changes have occurred in intimacy and family life over the last half-century, but the notion of detraditionalization as currently formulated does not capture them very well. With the goal of achieving a more refined understanding, the article proposes a distinction between "regulative" and "meaning-constitutive" traditions. The former involve threats of exclusion from various moral communities; the (...)
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  • 'Oikonomia': The Journalist as a Steward.Jerry Harvill - 1988 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 3 (1):65 – 76.
    This research essay explores the ethical implications of the stewardship metaphor for journalists. A three?part examination of stewardship is undertaken: a philological survey of the Greek vocabularly, from which ?oikonomia?; (stewardship) has arisen; an elaboration of four ethical implications for journalist (journalists? incentive to serve, their delivery but not ownership of messages, their ambiguous authority, and their need for professional discipline); and two critical issues arising from the sterwardship metaphor (to define the master of the journalistic house as the long?term (...)
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  • Autonomy and Psychic Socialization: From Non-Alienated Labour to Non Surplus Repressive Sublimation.Christopher Holman - 2011 - Critical Horizons 12 (2):136-162.
    The work of Herbert Marcuse, unlike that of certain of his colleagues at the Institut für Sozialforschung, is most often maligned as being excessively positive and identitarian. His work on Freud, for example, is criticized for being grounded in a crude biological determinism which points towards an ultimate reconciliation of both psychic and social conflict. This essay will attempt to counter such readings by critically juxtaposing Marcuse’s concept of non-repressive sublimation with Cornelius Castoriadis’s understanding of psychic socialization. It will be (...)
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  • Towards the Conscientious Development of Ethical Nanotechnology.Rosalyn W. Berne - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):627-638.
    Nanotechnology, the emerging capability of human beings to observe and organize matter at the atomic level, has captured the attention of the federal government, science and engineering communities, and the general public. Some proponents are referring to nanotechnology as “the next technological revolution”. Applications projected for this new evolution in technology span a broad range from the design and fabrication of new membranes, to improved fuel cells, to sophisticated medical prosthesis techniques, to tiny intelligent machines whose impact on humankind is (...)
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  • Towards a Philosophy of Software Development: 40 Years After the Birth of Software Engineering.Mandy Northover, Derrick G. Kourie, Andrew Boake, Stefan Gruner & Alan Northover - 2008 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 39 (1):85-113.
    Over the past four decades, software engineering has emerged as a discipline in its own right, though it has roots both in computer science and in classical engineering. Its philosophical foundations and premises are not yet well understood. In recent times, members of the software engineering community have started to search for such foundations. In particular, the philosophies of Kuhn and Popper have been used by philosophically-minded software engineers in search of a deeper understanding of their discipline. It seems, however, (...)
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  • Naturalism, Scientism and the Independence of Epistemology.James Maffie - 1995 - Erkenntnis 43 (1):1 - 27.
    Naturalists seek continuity between epistemology and science. Critics argue this illegitimately expands science into epistemology and commits the fallacy of scientism. Must naturalists commit this fallacy? I defend a conception of naturalized epistemology which upholds the non-identity of epistemic ends, norms, and concepts with scientific evidential ends, norms, and concepts. I argue it enables naturalists to avoid three leading scientistic fallacies: dogmatism, one dimensionalism, and granting science an epistemic monopoly.
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  • Concrete/Abstract: Sketches for a Self-Reflexive Epistemology of Technology Use.Yoni Van Den Eede - 2017 - Foundations of Science 22 (2):433-442.
    This essay takes an epistemological perspective on the question of the ‘art of living with technology.’ Such an approach is needed as our everyday notion and understanding of technology keep being framed in the old categories of instrumentalism and essentialism—notwithstanding philosophy of technology’s substantial attempts, in recent times, to bridge the stark dichotomy between those two viewpoints. Here, the persistent dichotomous thinking still characterizing our everyday involvement with technology is traced back to the epistemological distinction between ‘concrete’ and ‘abstract.’ Those (...)
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  • Reconstructivism Versus Critical Theory of Technology: Alternative Perspectives on Activism and Institutional Entrepreneurship in the Czech Wireless Community.Johan Söderberg - 2010 - Social Epistemology 24 (4):239-262.
    This article sets out to compare reconstructivism and critical theory as two possible avenues for a normative science and technology studies discipline “after constructivism”. This investigation is pursued through a case study of a wireless network community in the Czech Republic. The case study focuses on a schism that erupted after some users attempted to commercialise an invention for sending data with visible light. Their enterprise was partly motivated by a larger, political aspiration of creating a decentralised communication infrastructure. Other (...)
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  • A Mind Theory for the Human-Centredness Paradigm.Giorgio Marchetti - 1994 - AI and Society 8 (4):363-376.
    Global development, diffusion and implementation of the human-centredness paradigm can be performed at best when supported by a study of our mental activity. By analysing our mental operations, we can understand how human needs, interests, values and creativity take form, what each consists of, how it is possible to expand, modify and generate them. The proposed model of mental activity is based on attentional movement. The new opportunities, both ethical and social, offered by such a study are presented.
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  • Whom to Blame for the Charge of Secularization?Lluis Oviedo - 2005 - Zygon 40 (2):351-362.
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  • A Marxist Critique of Marx's Theory of History: Beyond the Dichotomy Between Scientific and Critical Marxism.Costas Panayotakis - 2004 - Sociological Theory 22 (1):123-139.
    This article argues that an application of Marxism to itself can help us transcend Gouldner's (1980) dichotomy between scientific and critical Marxism. After demonstrating that the paradigmatic document of scientific marxism, Marx's Preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, turns the structural logic of capitalist economy into the basis for a transhistorical theory of social-economic development, this article explores the limitations of critical Marxism's response to scientific Marxism and concludes that a viable, not class-centered, reformulation of the (...)
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  • The Freedom–Responsibility Nexus in Management Philosophy and Business Ethics.Claus Dierksmeier - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (2):263-283.
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  • Climate Change and Social Order: Knowledge for Action?Wayne Messner, Dennis Bray, Guy C. Germain & Nico Stehr - 1992 - Knowledge and Policy 5 (4):82-100.
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  • Lessons From Nursing Theories: Toward the Humanisation of Technology. [REVIEW]Seiya Abiko - 1999 - AI and Society 13 (1-2):164-175.
    The current viewpoint on technology seems to derive from the optimistic idea of the existence of pre-established harmony that any technological progress leads to people's health, and welfare. But history has shown us that this is not always the case, and that we must select the proper direction which leads to health and welfare. For that purpose, this article presents the viewpoint of technology as a kind of human care service, along with the lessons from nursing theories. Five leading nursing (...)
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