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  1. A Two-Tiered Theory of the Sublime.Sandra Shapshay - 2021 - British Journal of Aesthetics 61 (2):123-143.
    By the start of the twenty-first century, the notion of ‘the sublime’ had come to seem incoherent. In the last ten years or so considerable light has been shed by empirical psychologists on a related notion of ‘awe’, and a fruitful dialogue between aestheticians and empirical psychologists has ensued. It is the aim of this paper to synthesize these advances and to offer what I call a ‘two-tiered’ theory of the sublime that shows it to be a coherent aesthetic category. (...)
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  • The Role of Elevation in Moral Judgment.Christoph Klebl, Isabel Dziobek & Rhett Diessner - 2020 - Journal of Moral Education 49 (2):158-176.
    ABSTRACTElevation is the emotion elicited by witnessing acts of moral beauty and may be framed as the opposite of disgust. Two studies investigated the role of elevation in moral judgment and its relation to disgust. In Study 1 it was investigated whether elevation can attenuate the effects of disgust on moral transgression judgments. Participants were either induced to experience disgust, or to experience disgust and elevation simultaneously. No effects of either emotion on moral transgression judgments were found. In Study 2 (...)
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  • Awe: An Aristotelian Analysis of a Non-Aristotelian Virtuous Emotion.Kristján Kristjánsson - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (1):125-142.
    While interest in the emotion of awe has surged in psychology, philosophers have yet to devote a single self-standing article to awe’s conceptual contours and moral standing. The present article aims to rectify this imbalance and begin to make up for the unwarranted philosophical neglect. In order to do so, awe is given the standard Aristotelian treatment to uncover its conceptual contours and moral relevance. Aristotelianism typically provides the most useful entry point to ‘size up’ any emotion – more problematically (...)
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  • Development and Validation of the Purity Orientation–Pollution Avoidance Scale: A Study With Japanese Sample.Hideya Kitamura & Akiko Matsuo - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The moral foundations theory proposes that there are five moral foundations that work as the standard to make moral judgments. Among them, the purity foundation is a complex concept. It is considered to be a distinctive foundation compared with the other ones partly because it involves religious beliefs. The assumption underlying the purity foundation is Christian beliefs, so the MFT was developed and made prevalent mostly in the Western cultures. However, because of that assumption, cultural differences in perceiving the purity (...)
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  • A Review on Research and Evaluation Methods for Investigating Self-Transcendence.Alexandra Kitson, Alice Chirico, Andrea Gaggioli & Bernhard E. Riecke - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Self-transcendence has been characterized as a decrease in self-saliency and increased connection, and has been growing in research interest in the past decade. Several measures have been developed and published with some degree of psychometric validity and reliability. However, to date, there has been no review systematically describing, contrasting, and evaluating the different methodological approaches toward measuring self-transcendence including questionnaires, neurological and physiological measures, and qualitative methods. To address this gap, we conducted a review to describe existing methods of measuring (...)
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  • An Exploratory Study Into the Effects of Extraordinary Nature on Emotions, Mood, and Prosociality.Yannick Joye & Jan Willem Bolderdijk - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  • Exploring Techno-Spirituality: Design Strategies for Transcendent User Experiences.Elizabeth Buie - 2018 - Dissertation, University of Newcastle
    This thesis presents a study of transcendent experiences — experiences of connection with something greater than oneself — focusing on what they are, how artefacts support them, and how design can contribute to that support. People often find such experiences transformative, and artefacts do support them — but the literature rarely addresses designing artefact support for TXs. This thesis provides a step toward filling that gap. The first phase of research involved the conduct and analysis of 24 interviews with adults (...)
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  • Effects of Ethnicity and Spiritual Intelligence in the Relationship Between Awe and Life Satisfaction Among Chinese Primary School Teachers.Zhenhui Liu, Xin Li, Tonglin Jin, Qianguo Xiao & Tena Wuyun - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Based on the broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions, this study explored the mediating effect of spiritual intelligence between awe and life satisfaction among Chinese primary school teachers and whether this effect was moderated by ethnicity. Participants comprised 569 teachers from 24 primary schools in southwestern China, where many of the ethnic minority groups of China reside. Awe and spiritual intelligence were found to positively predict life satisfaction among primary school teachers, while awe also indirectly influenced life satisfaction through the partial (...)
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  • Non-Symmetric Awe: Why it Matters Even if We Don’t.Daniel Coren - 2021 - Philosophia 49 (1):217-233.
    The universe is enormous, perhaps unimaginably so. In comparison, we are very small. Does this suggest that humanity has little if any cosmic significance? And if we don’t matter, should that matter to us? Blaise Pascal, Frank Ramsey, Bertrand Russell, Susan Wolf, Harry Frankfurt, Stephen Hawking, and others have offered insightful answers to those questions. For example, Pascal and Ramsey emphasize that whereas the stars cannot think, human beings can. Through an exploration of some features of awe and its positive (...)
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  • Awe and Wonder in Scientific Practice: Implications for the Relationship Between Science and Religion.Helen De Cruz - 2020 - Issues in Science and Theology: Nature – and Beyond.
    This paper examines the role of awe and wonder in scientific practice. Drawing on evidence from psychological research and the writings of scientists and science communicators, I argue that awe and wonder play a crucial role in scientific discovery. They focus our attention on the natural world, encourage open-mindedness, diminish the self (particularly feelings of self-importance), help to accord value to the objects that are being studied, and provide a mode of understanding in the absence of full knowledge. I will (...)
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  • Delighting in Natural Beauty: Joint Attention and the Phenomenology of Nature Aesthetics.Johan De Smet & Helen De Cruz - 2013 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 5 (4):167-186.
    Empirical research in the psychology of nature appreciation suggests that humans across cultures tend to evaluate nature in positive aesthetic terms, including a sense of beauty and awe. They also frequently engage in joint attention with other persons, whereby they are jointly aware of sharing attention to the same event or object. This paper examines how, from a natural theological perspective, delight in natural beauty can be conceptualized as a way of joining attention to creation. Drawing on an analogy between (...)
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  • Factor Structure of the “Top Ten” Positive Emotions of Barbara Fredrickson.Leopold Helmut Otto Roth & Anton-Rupert Laireiter - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In order to contribute to the consolidation in the field of Positive Psychology, we reinvestigated the factor structure of top 10 positive emotions of Barbara Fredrickson. Former research in experimental settings resulted in a three-cluster solution, which we tested with exploratory and confirmatory methodology against different factor models. Within our non-experimental data, statistical evidence is presented, advocating for a single factor model of the 10 positive emotions. Different possible reasons for the deviating results are discussed, as well as the theoretical (...)
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  • The Potential Role of Awe for Depression: Reassembling the Puzzle.Alice Chirico & Andrea Gaggioli - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Recently, interest in the unique pathways linking discrete positive emotions to specific health outcomes has gained increasing attention, but the role of awe is yet to be elucidated. Awe is a complex and transformative emotion that can restructure individuals' mental frames so deeply that it could be considered a therapeutic asset for major mental health major issues, including depression. Despite sparse evidence showing a potential connection between depression and awe, this link has not been combined into a proposal resulting in (...)
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  • Race, Religious Involvement, and Feelings of Personal Control in Middle and Late Life.Neal Krause - 2015 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 37 (1):14-36.
    Research on differences in personal control among Blacks and Whites is conflicted. The purpose of this study is to see if differences in feelings of control between Blacks and Whites can be attributed to race differences in the use of religious resources. Developing a close relationship with God serves as the focal measure of religious involvement. The data come from a nationwide survey of middle-aged and older Blacks and Whites in the United States. A second-order factor model is embedded in (...)
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  • William James and Embodied Religious Belief.Tobias Tan - 2018 - Contemporary Pragmatism 15 (3):366-386.
    Scholars have recently identified resemblances between pragmatist thought and contemporary trends in cognitive science in the area of ‘embodied cognition’ or ‘4E cognition.’ In this article I explore these resemblances in the account of religious belief provided by the classical pragmatist philosopher William James. Although James’s psychology does not always parallel the commitments of embodied cognition, his insights concerning the role of emotion and socio-cultural context in shaping religious belief, as well as the action-oriented nature of such beliefs, resonate with (...)
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  • The Awe-Some Argument for Pantheism.T. Ryan Byerly - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (2):1-21.
    Many pantheists have claimed that their view of the divine is motivated by a kind of spiritual experience. In this paper, I articulate a novel argument, inspired by recent work on moral exemplarism, that gives voice to this kind of motivation for pantheism. The argument is based on two claims about the emotion of awe, each of which is defended primarily via critical engagement with empirical research on the emotion. I also illustrate how this pathway to pantheism offers pantheists distinctive (...)
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  • The Role of Awe in Environmental Ethics.Katie Mcshane - 2018 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 76 (4):473-484.
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  • Comment: The Science of Positive Emotion: You’Ve Come a Long Way, Baby/There’s Still a Long Way to Go.Michelle N. Shiota - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (3):235-237.
    After decades of neglect, positive emotion is now the focus of a rich, diverse, and rapidly growing field. Basic research has advanced understanding of positive emotions’ neural mechanisms, nonverbal expression, and implications for cognition and motivation, with increasing appreciation of positive emotion differentiation, as well as cultural and contextual moderators of positive emotions’ effects. Much research has also addressed ways positive emotions can be leveraged to improve the human condition, and the mechanisms by which interventions have beneficial effects. As always, (...)
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  • Science Is Awe-Some: The Emotional Antecedents of Science Learning.Piercarlo Valdesolo, Andrew Shtulman & Andrew S. Baron - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (3):215-221.
    Scientists from Einstein to Sagan have linked emotions like awe with the motivation for scientific inquiry, but no research has tested this possibility. Theoretical and empirical work from affective science, however, suggests that awe might be unique in motivating explanation and exploration of the physical world. We synthesize theories of awe with theories of the cognitive mechanisms related to learning, and offer a generative theoretical framework that can be used to test the effect of this emotion on early science learning.
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  • Self-Transcendent Emotions and Their Social Functions: Compassion, Gratitude, and Awe Bind Us to Others Through Prosociality.Jennifer E. Stellar, Amie M. Gordon, Paul K. Piff, Daniel Cordaro, Craig L. Anderson, Yang Bai, Laura A. Maruskin & Dacher Keltner - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (3):200-207.
    In this article we review the emerging literature on the self-transcendent emotions. We discuss how the self-transcendent emotions differ from other positive emotions and outline the defining features of this category. We then provide an analysis of three specific self-transcendent emotions—compassion, gratitude, and awe—detailing what has been learned about their expressive behavior, physiology, and likely evolutionary origins. We propose that these emotions emerged to help humans solve unique problems related to caretaking, cooperation, and group coordination in social interactions. In our (...)
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  • Moving Through the Literature: What Is the Emotion Often Denoted Being Moved?Janis H. Zickfeld, Thomas W. Schubert, Beate Seibt & Alan P. Fiske - 2019 - Emotion Review 11 (2):123-139.
    When do people say that they are moved, and does this experience constitute a unique emotion? We review theory and empirical research on being moved across psychology and philosophy. We examine feeling labels, elicitors, valence, bodily sensations, and motivations. We find that the English lexeme being moved typically refers to a distinct and potent emotion that results in social bonding; often includes tears, piloerection, chills, or a warm feeling in the chest; and is often described as pleasurable, though sometimes as (...)
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  • Why Are People High in Dispositional Awe Happier? The Roles of Meaning in Life and Materialism.Huanhuan Zhao, Heyun Zhang, Yan Xu, Wen He & Jiamei Lu - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • Relation Between Awe and Environmentalism: The Role of Social Dominance Orientation.Huanhuan Zhao, Heyun Zhang, Yan Xu, Jiamei Lu & Wen He - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Consumption Trends During the COVID-19 Crisis: How Awe, Coping, and Social Norms Drive Utilitarian Purchases.Yikai Yang, Ou Li, Xixian Peng & Lei Wang - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Influence of Awe on Green Consumption: The Mediating Effect of Psychological Ownership.Liying Wang, Guangling Zhang, Pengfei Shi, Xingming Lu & Fengsen Song - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • Creating Ambassadors of Planet Earth: The Overview Effect in K12 Education.H. Anna T. van Limpt - Broers, Marie Postma & Max M. Louwerse - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Are You Awed Yet? How Virtual Reality Gives Us Awe and Goose Bumps.Denise Quesnel & Bernhard E. Riecke - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • The Role of Social Relational Emotions for Human-Nature Connectedness.Evi Petersen, Alan Page Fiske & Thomas W. Schubert - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • Biophilia and Biophobia as Emotional Attribution to Nature in Children of 5 Years Old.Pablo Olivos-Jara, Raquel Segura-Fernández, Cristina Rubio-Pérez & Beatriz Felipe-García - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Aesthetic Emotions Across Arts: A Comparison Between Painting and Music.Andrei C. Miu, Simina Pițur & Aurora Szentágotai-Tătar - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Why Awe Promotes Prosocial Behaviors? The Mediating Effects of Future Time Perspective and Self-Transcendence Meaning of Life.Jing-Jing Li, Kai Dou, Yu-Jie Wang & Yan-Gang Nie - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • The Effect of Preceding Self-Control on Prosocial Behaviors: The Moderating Role of Awe.Jin Li, Anke Li, Yu Sun, Hui’ E. Li, Lei Liu, Youlong Zhan, Wei Fan & Yiping Zhong - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • How Might Contact with Nature Promote Human Health? Promising Mechanisms and a Possible Central Pathway.Ming Kuo - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Micromégas: Altered Body–Environment Scaling in Literary Fiction.Sebastian Dieguez - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • Designing Awe in Virtual Reality: An Experimental Study.Alice Chirico, Francesco Ferrise, Lorenzo Cordella & Andrea Gaggioli - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • Transcendence and Sublime Experience in Nature: Awe and Inspiring Energy.Lisbeth C. Bethelmy & José A. Corraliza - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • Editors’ Introduction and Review: An Appraisal of Surprise: Tracing the Threads That Stitch It Together.Edward L. Munnich, Meadhbh I. Foster & Mark T. Keane - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (1):37-49.
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  • Awe: A Direct Pathway From Extravagant Displays to Prosociality.Anastasia Ejova - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  • Awe as a Scientific Emotion.Sara Gottlieb, Dacher Keltner & Tania Lombrozo - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (6):2081-2094.
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  • The Bidirectional Relation of Emotion Perception and Social Judgments: The Effect of Witness’ Emotion Expression on Perceptions of Moral Behaviour and Vice Versa.Ursula Hess, Helen Landmann, Shlomo David & Shlomo Hareli - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (6):1152-1165.
    ABSTRACTThe present research tested the notion that emotion expression and context perception are bidirectionally related. Specifically, in two studies focusing on moral violations and positive moral deviations respectively, we presented participants with short vignettes describing behaviours that were either moral, polite or unusual together with a picture of the emotional reaction of a person who supposedly had been a witness to the event. Participants rated both the emotional reactions observed and their own moral appraisal of the situation described. In both (...)
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  • Experiencing Versus Contemplating: Language Use During Descriptions of Awe and Wonder.Kathleen E. Darbor, Heather C. Lench, William E. Davis & Joshua A. Hicks - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (6).
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  • Differentiation of 13 Positive Emotions by Appraisals.Eddie M. W. Tong - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (3):484-503.
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  • Profiles of Appraisal, Motivation, and Coping for Positive Emotions.Jennifer Yih, Leslie D. Kirby & Craig A. Smith - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):481-497.
    We used a retrospective survey to model the patterns of appraisal, motivation, and coping that uniquely correspond with 12 positive emotions (affection/love, amusement, awe, challenge/det...
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  • The Bidirectional Influence of Emotion Expressions and Context: Emotion Expressions, Situational Information and Real-World Knowledge Combine to Inform Observers’ Judgments of Both the Emotion Expressions and the Situation.Ursula Hess, Jonas Dietrich, Konstantinos Kafetsios, Shimon Elkabetz & Shlomo Hareli - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):539-552.
    We proposed and tested the notion of a bidirectional influence of emotion expressions and context. In two studies, we found that the expressions shown by supporters and opponents...
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  • In Search of Ecocentric Sentiments: Insights From the CAD Model in Moral Psychology.Antoine C. Dussault - 2013 - Environmental Ethics 35 (4):419-437.
    One aspect of J. Baird Callicott’s foundational project for ecocentrism consists in explaining how moral consideration for ecological wholes can be grounded in moral sentiments. Some critics of Callicott have objected that moral consideration for ecological wholes is impossible under a sentimentalist conception of ethics because, on both Hume and Smith’s views, sympathy is our main moral sentiment and it cannot be elicited by holistic entities. This conclusion is premature. The relevant question is not whether such moral consideration is compatible (...)
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  • Awe or Horror: Differentiating Two Emotional Responses to Schema Incongruence.Pamela Marie Taylor & Yukiko Uchida - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1548-1561.
    ABSTRACTExperiences that contradict one's core concepts elicit intense emotions. Such schema incongruence can elicit awe, wherein experiences that are too vast...
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  • Oh, the Things You Don’T Know: Awe Promotes Awareness of Knowledge Gaps and Science Interest.Jonathon McPhetres - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (8):1599-1615.
    ABSTRACTAwe is described as an a “epistemic emotion” because it is hypothesised to make gaps in one’s knowledge salient. However, no empirical evidence for this yet exists. Awe is also hypothesised...
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  • The Neural Correlate Difference Between Positive and Negative Awe.Fang Guan, Sasa Zhao, Shaona Chen, Shi Lu, Jun Chen & Yanhui Xiang - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
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  • Aesthetic Emotions and Aesthetic People: Openness Predicts Sensitivity to Novelty in the Experiences of Interest and Pleasure.Kirill Fayn, Carolyn MacCann, Niko Tiliopoulos & Paul J. Silvia - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Does Interest Broaden or Narrow Attentional Scope?Billy Sung & Jennifer Yih - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (8).
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