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  1. Intrinsic Motivation and Sophisticated Epistemic Beliefs Are Promising Pathways to Science Achievement: Evidence From High Achieving Regions in the East and the West.Ching Sing Chai, Pei-Yi Lin, Ronnel B. King & Morris Siu-Yung Jong - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Research on self-determination theory emphasizes the importance of the internalization of motivation as a crucial factor for determining the quality of motivation. Hence, intrinsic motivation is deemed as an important predictor of learning. Research on epistemic beliefs, on the other hand, focuses on the nature of knowledge, and learning with more sophisticated epistemic beliefs associated with more adaptive outcomes. While learning and achievement are multiply determined, a more comprehensive theoretical model that takes into account both motivational quality and epistemic beliefs (...)
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  • Prediction and Explanation in a Postmodern World.Joachim I. Krueger - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The experimental research paradigm lies at the core of empirical psychology. New data analytical and computational tools continually enrich its methodological arsenal, while the paradigm’s mission remains the testing of theoretical predictions and causal explanations. Predictions regarding experimental results necessarily point to the future. Once the data are collected, the causal inferences refer to a hypothesis now lying in the past. The experimental paradigm is not designed to permit strong inferences about particular incidents that occurred before predictions were made. In (...)
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  • Correlates of Health-Protective Behavior During the Initial Days of the COVID-19 Outbreak in Norway.Janis H. Zickfeld, Thomas W. Schubert, Anders Kuvaas Herting, Jon Grahe & Kate Faasse - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • What Is the Difference? Rereading Shakespeare’s Sonnets —An Eye Tracking Study.Shuwei Xue, Arthur M. Jacobs & Jana Lüdtke - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Cross-Validation Approaches for Replicability in Psychology.Atesh Koul, Cristina Becchio & Andrea Cavallo - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Gaussian Process Panel Modeling—Machine Learning Inspired Analysis of Longitudinal Panel Data.Julian D. Karch, Andreas M. Brandmaier & Manuel C. Voelkle - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Modernizing Relationship Therapy Through Social Thermoregulation Theory: Evidence, Hypotheses, and Explorations.Hans IJzerman, Emma C. E. Heine, Saskia K. Nagel & Tila M. Pronk - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • Reproducibility in Cognitive Hearing Research: Theoretical Considerations and Their Practical Application in Multi-Lab Studies.Antje Heinrich & Sarah Knight - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Does Distance From the Equator Predict Self-Control? Lessons From the Human Penguin Project.Hans IJzerman, Marija V. Čolić, Marie Hennecke, Youngki Hong, Chuan-Peng Hu, Jennifer Joy-Gaba, Dušanka Lazarević, Ljiljana B. Lazarević, Michal Parzuchowski, Kyle G. Ratner, Thomas Schubert, Astrid Schütz, Darko Stojilović, Sophia C. Weissgerber, Janis Zickfeld & Siegwart Lindenberg - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  • Detection, Avoidance, and Compensation - Three Studies on Extreme Response Style.Pargent Florian - 2017 - Dissertation, Ludwig–Maximilians–Universität
    Extreme Response Style describes individual differences in selecting extreme response options in Likert scale items, which are stable over time and across different psychological constructs. This thesis contains three empirical studies on the detection, avoidance, and compensation of ERS: In the first study, we introduce a new method to detect ERS which uses an ERS index from heterogeneous items as covariate in partial credit trees. This approach combines the objectivity of ERS indices from heterogeneous items with the threshold interpretation of (...)
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  • The Cognitive Emotion Process.Laura Israel - 2020 - Dissertation, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität
    Different theories of emotions have been introduced since the 19th century. Even though a large number of apparent differences between these theories exist, there is a broad consensus today that emotions consist of multiple components such as cognition, physiology, motivation, and subjectively perceived feeling. Appraisal theories of emotions, such as the Component Process Model by Klaus Scherer, emphasize that the cognitive evaluation of a stimulus or event is the driving component of the emotion process. It is believed to cause changes (...)
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  • Can Machines Read Our Minds?Christopher Burr & Nello Cristianini - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (3):461-494.
    We explore the question of whether machines can infer information about our psychological traits or mental states by observing samples of our behaviour gathered from our online activities. Ongoing technical advances across a range of research communities indicate that machines are now able to access this information, but the extent to which this is possible and the consequent implications have not been well explored. We begin by highlighting the urgency of asking this question, and then explore its conceptual underpinnings, in (...)
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  • Researcher Introspection for Experience-Driven Design Research.H. Xue & P. M. A. Desmet - 2019 - Design Studies 63.
    We challenge the unquestioning pursuit of the appearance of objectivity and ingrained designer-user dualism in human-centred design research and propose a resurrection of introspection as a valid approach to investigating subjective experiences. Through comparing epistemic perspectives and reviewing the histories of introspection in several disciplines, we liberate the research field of experience-driven design from a long-lasting doubt about and the disguised and unsystematic use of this method. To establish a foundation for the further development of introspective methods, we focus on (...)
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  • Building a Science of Individual Differences From fMRI.Julien Dubois & Ralph Adolphs - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (6):425-443.
    To date, fMRI research has been concerned primarily with evincing generic principles of brain function through averaging data from multiple subjects. Given rapid developments in both hardware and analysis tools, the field is now poised to study fMRI-derived measures in individual subjects, and to relate these to psy- chological traits or genetic variations. We discuss issues of validity, reliability and statistical assessment that arise when the focus shifts to individual subjects and that are applicable also to other imaging modalities. We (...)
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  • Why is Bayesian Confirmation Theory Rarely Practiced?Robert W. P. Luk - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (1):3-20.
    Bayesian confirmation theory is a leading theory to decide the confirmation/refutation of a hypothesis based on probability calculus. While it may be much discussed in philosophy of science, is it actually practiced in terms of hypothesis testing by scientists? Since the assignment of some of the probabilities in the theory is open to debate and the risk of making the wrong decision is unknown, many scientists do not use the theory in hypothesis testing. Instead, they use alternative statistical tests that (...)
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