Research groups around the world are currently busy trying to invent new life in the
laboratory, looking for extraterrestrial life, or making machines increasingly more life-like.
In the case of astrobiology, any newly discovered life would likely be very old, but when
discovered it would be new to us. In the case of synthetic organic life or life-like machines,
humans will have invented life that did not exist before. Together, these endeavors amount to
what we call the emerging plurality of lives because we see a future where we are surrounded
by, and interact with, life of many different origins, as well as entities that we have not
traditionally seen as being alive. In the future these entities will likely possess properties that
we so far have only associated with living beings, thereby transcending and perhaps blurring
the borders between life and non-life.