Matter Without Form: The Ontological Status of Christ's Dead Body

Journal of Analytic Theology 6:131-145 (2018)
Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
In this paper, we provide an account of the ontological status of Christ’s dead body, which remained in the tomb during the three days after his crucifixion. Our account holds that Christ’s dead body – during the time between his death and resurrection – was prime matter without a substantial form. We defend this account by showing how it is metaphysically possible for prime matter to exist in actuality without substantial forms. Our argument turns on the truth of two theses: God is able to produce all acts of secondary causes without those secondary causes, and Substantial forms are secondary causes of the actuality of prime matter. We argue that the metaphysical possibility of matter without form is perfectly consistent with holding both there is only one substantial form in a material substance and that prime matter is pure potentiality. Moreover, we argue that the metaphysical possibility of matter without form does little-to-no damage to our natural understanding of material substances.
PhilPapers/Archive ID
Upload history
Archival date: 2019-04-04
View other versions
Added to PP index

Total views
134 ( #28,987 of 51,671 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
55 ( #9,752 of 51,671 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks on external links on PhilPapers.