Abortion and Infanticide: a Triple Libertarian and Critical-Rationalist Defence

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From libertarian and critical-rationalist assumptions, the moral permissibility of abortion and infanticide can be explained and defended in three principal ways; although non-libertarians and justificationists could also accept these arguments. These include theories of personhood and harm-infliction. The three defences are independent of each other but collectively consistent. 1) The unborn and infant human is not a person in the relevant intellectual and moral sense. 2) There is no overall proactive imposition (harm-infliction), as the unborn or infant human is only denied the benefit of support. 3) The better welfare consequences of allowing abortion and infanticide seem clear. It is inconsistent to accept any versions of these arguments as defending abortion rights but reject them for infanticide—as pro-abortion rights advocates tend to do. Some related rights and duties of the parents are briefly addressed with regard to contracts and property rights.
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