Abortion and Infanticide: a Triple Libertarian and Critical-Rationalist Defence

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From libertarian and critical-rationalist assumptions, the moral permissibility of abortion and infanticide can be explained and defended in three principal ways; although non-libertarians and justificationists could also accept these arguments. These include theories of personhood and harm-infliction. The three defences are independent of each other but collectively consistent. 1) The unborn and infant human is not a person in the relevant intellectual and moral sense. 2) There is no overall proactive imposition (harm-infliction), as the unborn or infant human is only denied the benefit of support. 3) The better welfare consequences. Two related private-property and contract issues are briefly addressed. It is concluded that the three complementary arguments may be hard to refute, and that accepting abortion but rejecting infanticide is inconsistent.
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First archival date: 2018-11-01
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A Defense of Abortion.Thomson, Judith Jarvis

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