Cultural evolution in Vietnam’s early 20th century: a Bayesian networks analysis of Franco-Chinese house designs

Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
Abstract
The study of cultural evolution has taken on an increasingly interdisciplinary and diverse approach in explicating phenomena of cultural transmission and adoptions. Inspired by this computational movement, this study uses Bayesian networks analysis, combining both the frequentist and the Hamiltonian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) approach, to investigate the highly representative elements in the cultural evolution of a Vietnamese city’s architecture in the early 20th century. With a focus on the façade design of 68 old houses in Hanoi’s Old Quarter (based on 78 data lines extracted from 248 photos), the study argues that it is plausible to look at the aesthetics, architecture, and designs of the house façade to find traces of cultural evolution in Vietnam, which went through more than six decades of French colonization and centuries of sociocultural influence from China. The in-depth technical analysis, though refuting the presumed model on the probabilistic dependency among the variables, yields several results, the most notable of which is the strong influence of Buddhism over the decorations of the house façade. Particularly, in the top 5 networks with the best Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) scores and p<0.05, the variable for decorations (DC) always has a direct probabilistic dependency on the variable B for Buddhism. The paper then checks the robustness of these models using Hamiltonian MCMC method and find the posterior distributions of the models’ coefficients all satisfy the technical requirement. Finally, this study suggests integrating Bayesian statistics in the social sciences in general and for the study of cultural evolution and architectural transformation in particular.
PhilPapers/Archive ID
VUOCEI
Revision history
Archival date: 2019-03-03
View upload history
References found in this work BETA
Towards a Unified Science of Cultural Evolution.Mesoudi, Alex; Whiten, Andrew & Laland, Kevin N.
Language Evolution by Iterated Learning With Bayesian Agents.Griffiths, Thomas L. & Kalish, Michael L.
A Continuum of Mindfulness.Dennett, Daniel & McKay, Ryan

View all 8 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Added to PP index
2019-03-03

Total views
79 ( #30,984 of 43,944 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
52 ( #13,814 of 43,944 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks to external links.