Welcome to PhilArchive!

PhilArchive is the largest open access e-print archive in philosophy. Formerly known as the PhilPapers Archive, it is built on and integrated with the PhilPapers database. Access to items on PhilArchive is free without a user account. PhilArchive is a non-profit project supported by the PhilPapers Foundation.

PhilArchive consists entirely of articles submitted by users. You can contribute by submitting your work.

There are currently 69,075 works in the archive. These works fall under 5,826 topics.

CDP PhilArchive is developed and operated by the Centre for Digital Philosophy at Western University.

PhilArchive's content over time
  1. 2022-05-22
    What is the Difference Between Conceptual and Moral Relativism? Rejecting the Nature-Value Contrast, with Help From Joseph Raz.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    I aim to undermine an account of the difference between conceptual and moral relativism according to which conceptual relativism focuses on the description of nature and moral relativism on values. I do so with some help from Joseph Raz.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. 2022-05-22
    Man's Responsibility for Nature: Ecological Problems and Western Traditions.John Passmore - 1974 - London: Gerald Duckworth & Co., Ltd.,.
    _Man's Responsibility for Nature_ is a book by John Passmore, a presumably able-bodied, presumably heterosexual, presumably a male white settler Australian philosopher, and his conception of Western history's ideas about human's (white man's) relationship to nature [not with] (predominately looking at USA, that is, colonial Turtle Island) and their (white man's, not white woman's unless you think white men can talk for the universal us?) place in it. Part 1 talks about the evolution of this conception beginning with the idea (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   60 citations  
  3. 2022-05-21
    Toward an African Moral Theory.Thaddeus Metz - 2007 - Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (3):321–341.
    In this article I articulate and defend an African moral theory, i.e., a basic and general principle grounding all particular duties that is informed by sub-Saharan values commonly associated with talk of "ubuntu" and cognate terms that signify personhood or humanness. The favoured interpretation of ubuntu (as of 2007) is the principle that an action is right insofar as it respects harmonious relationships, ones in which people identify with, and exhibit solidarity toward, one another. I maintain that this is the (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   108 citations  
  4. 2022-05-21
    Our Responsibility to the Non-Existent.Chelsea Haramia - 2013 - Southwest Philosophy Review 29 (1):249-256.
    Those who do not exist cannot be harmed. If someone is not worse off than she otherwise would have been, she is not harmed. Together, these claims entail that the individuals in non-identity cases are not harmed, because no one who exists is made worse off. While these claims might be true at the individual level, their truth does not preclude our having harm-based concerns about future persons in general. These concerns are justified when we recognize the responsibility we have (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  5. 2022-05-21
    “What is the Difference Between Your Subset Objection to Rawls on Utilitarianism and T.H. Irwin’s Commentary?”.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    T.H. Irwin’s stimulating commentary on John Rawls anticipates but does not make “the subset objection to Rawls.” This term of mine is potentially misleading, but Irwin’s commentary is more so: I argue that relevant parts involve dubious commitments.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. 2022-05-21
    Hegel and Wittgenstein on Difficulties of Beginning at the Beginning.Jakub Mácha - forthcoming - Topoi:1-15.
    Both Hegel and the later Wittgenstein were concerned with the problem of how to begin speculation, or the problem of beginning. I argue that despite many differences, there are surprising similarities between their thinking about the beginning. They both consider different kinds of beginnings and combine them into complex analogies. The beginning has a subjective and an objective moment. The philosophizing subject has to begin with something, with an object. For Hegel, the objective moment is pure being. For Wittgenstein, the (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. 2022-05-21
    Local and Global Deference.J. Dmitri Gallow - manuscript
    A norm of local expert deference says that your credence in an arbitrary proposition A, given that the expert's probability for A is n, should be n. A norm of global expert deference says that your credence in A, given that the expert's entire probability function is E, should be E(A). Gaifman (1988) taught us that these two norms are not equivalent. Here, I provide characterisation theorems which tell us precisely when the norms give different advice. They tell us that, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. 2022-05-21
    Normal‐Proper Functions in the Philosophy of Mind.Andrew Rubner - 2022 - Philosophy Compass:1-11.
    This paper looks at the nature of normal-proper functions and the role they play in theories of representational content. More specifically: I lay down two desiderata for a theory which tries to capture what's distinctive of normal-proper functions and discuss two prominent theories which claim to satisfy them. I discuss the advantages of having normal-proper functions ground a theory of representational content. And, I look at both orthodox and heterodox versions of such theories.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9. 2022-05-20
    Improvisation, Indeterminacy, and Ontology: Some Perspectives on Music and the Posthumanities.Iain Campbell - 2021 - Contemporary Music Review 40 (4):409-424.
    In this article I address some questions concerning the emerging conjunction of musical research on improvisation and work in the ‘posthumanities’, in particular the theoretical results of the ‘ontological turn’ in the humanities. Engaging with the work of the composer John Cage, and George E. Lewis’s framing of Cage’s performative indeterminacy as a ‘Eurological’ practice that excludes ‘Afrological’ jazz improvisation, I examine how critical discourse on Cage and his conception of sound is relevant to the improvisation-posthumanities conjunction. After discussing some (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. 2022-05-20
    Explanatory Reasoning in the Material Theory of Induction.William Peden - forthcoming - Metascience.
    In his recent book, John Norton has created a theory of inference to the best explanation, within the context of his "material theory of induction". I apply it to the problem of scientific explanations that are false: if we want the theories in our explanations to be true, then why do historians and scientists often say that false theories explained phenomena? I also defend Norton's theory against some possible objections.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. 2022-05-20
    Amalia Holst on the Education of the Human Race.Corey W. Dyck - forthcoming - In Isabel Karremann, Anne-Claire Michoux & Gideon Stiening (eds.), Women and the Law in the Eighteenth-Century. Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler.
    Amalia Holst (1758-1829) has had a rather conflicted reception within the history of feminism. Her Über die Bestimmung des Weibes zur höhern Geistesbildung (On the Vocation of Woman to the Higher Education of the Mind, 1802) is a strident defense of women’s right of access to education; however her case relies on the presuppostion of woman's traditional threefold role as "mother, spouse, and housewife." In this essay, in addition to disclosing new details about Holst's life, I contend that a closer (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. 2022-05-20
    Sex, Love, and Paternalism.David Birks - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (1):257-270.
    Paternalistic behaviour directed towards a person’s informed and competent decisions is often thought to be morally impermissible. This view is supported by what we can call the Anti-Paternalism Principle. While APP might seem plausible when employed to show the wrongness of paternalism by the state, there are some cases of paternalistic behaviour between private, informed, and competent individuals where APP seems mistaken. This raises a difficulty for supporters of APP. Either they need to reject APP to accommodate our intuitions in (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. 2022-05-20
    The Ontological Argument and Question-Begging.William L. Rowe - 1976 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (4):425 - 432.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  14. 2022-05-20
    Circular Explanations, Cosmological Arguments, and Sufficient Reasons.William Rowe - 1997 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 21 (1):188-201.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  15. 2022-05-20
    Theological Misinterpretations of Current Physical Cosmology.Adolf Grünbaum - 1998 - Philo 1 (1):15-34.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  16. 2022-05-20
    Malleable Character: Organizational Behavior Meets Virtue Ethics and Situationism.Santiago Mejia & Joshua August Skorburg - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies.
    This paper introduces a body of research on Organizational Behavior and Industrial/Organizational Psychology (OB/IO) that expands the range of empirical evidence relevant to the ongoing character-situation debate. This body of research, mostly neglected by moral philosophers, provides important insights to move the debate forward. First, the OB/IO scholarship provides empirical evidence to show that social environments like organizations have significant power to shape the character traits of their members. This scholarship also describes some of the mechanisms through which this process (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. 2022-05-19
    When the Anthropologist Helps the Psyquiatrist.Victor Mota - manuscript
    When the anthropologist has more solution to mentall ilness, i.e., medication and therapy, in vue to the richness of reality and social world.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. 2022-05-19
    Kant and Rehberg on Political Theory and Practice.Mike Gregory - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-23.
    This article examines the under-researched figure A.W. Rehberg in his exchange with Kant over the relationship between theory and practice in the philosophy of right. I argue that Rehberg raises, w...
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. 2022-05-19
    On Geometric Nature of Numbers and the Non-Empirical Scientific Method.Elias Smith - manuscript
    We give a brief overview of the evolution of mathematics, starting from antiquity, through Renaissance, to the 19th century, and the culmination of the train of thought of history’s greatest thinkers that lead to the grand unification of geometry and algebra. The goal of this paper is not a complete formal description of any particular theoretical framework, but to show how extremisation of mathematical rigor in requiring everything be drivable directly from first principles without any arbitrary assumptions actually leads to (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. 2022-05-19
    Specific Phobia Is an Ideal Psychiatric Kind.Alexander Pereira - 2020 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (3):299-315.
    The causes and underlying natures of common mental disorders are, for the most part, quite mysterious. Our best taxonomies acknowledge this poverty of causal knowledge about minds, brains, society, and whatever else, to instead classify psychopathology based on clusters of detectable signs and symptoms: what it is to be, say, depressed, is simply to exhibit the minimum number of typical features for the right amount of time. Nothing in this approach references what causes and maintains a characteristic set of symptoms, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21. 2022-05-19
    Phenomenal Explanationism and the Look of Things.Kevin McCain & Luca Moretti -
    Matthew McGrath has recently challenged all theories that allow for immediate perceptual justification. This challenge comes by way of arguing for what he calls the “Looks View” of visual justification, which entails that our visual beliefs that are allegedly immediately justified are in fact mediately justified based on our independent beliefs about the looks of things. This paper shows that McGrath’s arguments are unsound or, at the very least, that they do not cause genuine concern for the species of dogmatism (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. 2022-05-19
    Conscious-State Anti-Realism.Pete Mandik - 2015 - In Carlos Muñoz-Suárez & Filipe De Brigard (eds.), Content and Consciousness Revisited. Berlin: Springer. pp. 184-197.
    Realism about consciousness conjoins a claim that consciousness exists with a claim that the existence is independent in some interesting sense. Consciousness realism so conceived may thus be opposed by a variety of anti-realisms, distinguished from each other by denying the first, the second, or both of the realist’s defining claims. I argue that Dennett’s view of consciousness is best read as an anti-realism that affirms the existence of consciousness while denying an important independence claim.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. 2022-05-19
    Women in the History of Analytic Philosophy.Jeanne Peijnenburg & Sander Verhaegh (eds.) - forthcoming - Cham: Springer.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. 2022-05-19
    Probability of Guilt.Mario Günther - manuscript
    In legal proceedings, a fact-finder needs to decide whether a defendant is guilty or not based on probabilistic evidence. We defend the thesis that the defendant should be found guilty just in case it is rational for the fact-finder to believe that the defendant is guilty. We draw on Leitgeb’s stability theory for an appropriate notion of rational belief and show how our thesis solves the problem of statistical evidence. Finally, we defend our account of legal proof against challenges from (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. 2022-05-19
    Why Being Morally Virtuous Enhances Well-Being: A Self-Determination Theory Approach.Alexios Arvanitis & Matt Stichter - forthcoming - The Journal of Moral Education:1-17.
    Self-determination theory, like other psychological theories that study eudaimomia, focuses on general processes of growth and self-realization. An aspect that tends to be sidelined in the relevant literature is virtue. We propose that special focus needs to be placed on moral virtue and its development. We review different types of moral motivation and argue that morally virtuous behavior is regulated through integrated regulation. We describe the process of moral integration and how it relates to the development of moral virtue. We (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. 2022-05-19
    What Is Punishment?Frej Klem Thomsen -
    Since the middle of the 20th century, philosophers and legal scholars have debated the precise definition of punishment. This chapter surveys the debate, identifies six potential conditions of punishment, and critically reviews each of them: 1) the response condition, which holds that punishment must be in response to wrongdoing, 2) the culpability condition, which holds that punishment must be of a person morally responsible for wrongdoing, 3) the authority condition, which holds that punishment must be imposed by a relevant authority, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. 2022-05-19
    The Problem of Faith and Reason.Daniel Howard-Snyder & Daniel J. McKaughan - forthcoming - In The Cambridge Companion to Religious Epistemology. New York, NY, USA:
    Faith in God conflicts with reason—or so we’re told. We focus on two arguments for this conclusion. After evaluating three criticisms of them, we identify an assumption they share, namely that faith in God requires belief that God exists. Whether the assumption is true depends on what faith is. We sketch a theory of faith that allows for both faith in God without belief that God exists, and faith in God while in belief-cancelling doubt God’s existence. We then argue that (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. 2022-05-19
    Psychobiographical Reflections on the Inseparability of Life and Thought in Heidegger's "Turn".Robert D. Stolorow - 2022 - Clio's Psyche 28 (3):367-371.
    After noting how academic philosophers have shunned psychobiography, the author brings to focus the psychobiographical sources of Martin Heidegger's "turn" from a hermeneutic phenomenology to a form of metaphysical mysticism.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. 2022-05-19
    Does Everything Resemble Everything Else to the Same Degree?Ben Blumson - 2022 - Asian Journal of Philosophy 1 (1).
    According to Satosi Watanabe’s “theorem of the ugly duckling”, the number of predicates satisfied by any two different particulars is a constant, which does not depend on the choice of the two particulars. If the number of predicates satisfied by two particulars is their number of properties in common, and the degree of resemblance between two particulars is a function of their number of properties in common, then it follows that the degree of resemblance between any two different particulars is (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. 2022-05-18
    Techno-Optimism: An Analysis, an Evaluation and a Modest Defence.John Danaher - forthcoming - Philosophy and Technology.
    What is techno-optimism and how can it be defended? Although techno-optimist views are widely espoused and critiqued, there have been few attempts to systematically analyse what it means to be a techno-optimist and how one might defend this view. This paper attempts to address this oversight by providing a comprehensive analysis and evaluation of techno-optimism. It is argued that techno-optimism is a pluralistic stance that comes in weak and strong forms. These vary along a number of key dimensions but each (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. 2022-05-18
    Interpretative Modesty.Mark McCullagh - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy.
    Philosophers have wanted to work with conceptions of word-competence, or concept-possession, on which being a competent practitioner with a word amounts to being a competent judge of its uses by others. I argue that our implicit conception of competence with a word does not have this presupposition built into it. One implication of this is what I call "modesty" in interpretation: we allow for others, uses of words that we would not allow for ourselves. I develop this point by looking (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. 2022-05-18
    Liberty and Suspension in Locke's Essay.Matthew A. Leisinger - forthcoming - Locke Studies.
    I argue for two controversial claims about Locke’s account of liberty in Essay 2.21. The first claim is that Locke does not identify liberty with freedom of action. Instead, Locke places further conditions on liberty beyond to the power to perform or forbear an action at will. The second (and closely related) claim is that Locke takes the power to suspend and examine desire to be necessary for liberty—in other words, that possession of the power to suspend and examine desire (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. 2022-05-18
    Are Conscientious Objectors Morally Obligated to Refer?Samuel Reis-Dennis & Abram Brummett - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    In this paper, we argue that providers who conscientiously refuse to provide legal and professionally accepted medical care are not always morally required to refer their patients to willing providers. Indeed, we will argue that refusing to refer is morally admirable in certain instances. In making the case, we show that belief in a sweeping moral duty to refer depends on an implicit assumption that the procedures sanctioned by legal and professional norms are ethically permissible. Focusing on examples of female (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. 2022-05-18
    This Supreme Moment of Historical Grace.Lorna Green - manuscript
    Consciousness has appeared as a term and a problem in modern science. Most scientists believe that it can be accommodated and explained by existing scientific principles. But I say it cannot, that it points beyond present day science to a whole new view of the Universe, in which Consciousness, and not matter, or matter/energy, is the true basis of the Universe. Consciousness is for modern science exactly what Light was for classical physics, all of our concepts for Reality must change. (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. 2022-05-18
    Quine's Challenge and Logical Pluralism.Antonio Negro - 2010 - Dissertation,
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. 2022-05-18
    Brentano’s Four Phases and the Rise of Scientific Philosophy in the Light of His Relation to His Students.Wolfgang Andreas Huemer - forthcoming - In Brentano and the Positive Philosophy of Comte and Mill. Berlin: de Gruyter. pp. 401-14.
    Brentano’s position in the history of philosophy is often illustrated by the long list of important philosophers who have studied with him. Yet, the relations between Brentano and his students were not always without friction. In the present article I argue that Brentano’s students were most attracted by his conception of a scientific philosophy, which promised to leave the received tradition (German Idealism) behind and to mark the beginning of a new period in the history of philosophy – a project (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. 2022-05-18
    Aggregating Extended Preferences.Hilary Greaves & Harvey Lederman - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (5):1163-1190.
    An important objection to preference-satisfaction theories of well-being is that they cannot make sense of interpersonal comparisons. A tradition dating back to Harsanyi :434, 1953) attempts to solve this problem by appeal to people’s so-called extended preferences. This paper presents a new problem for the extended preferences program, related to Arrow’s celebrated impossibility theorem. We consider three ways in which the extended-preference theorist might avoid this problem, and recommend that she pursue one: developing aggregation rules that violate Arrow’s Independence of (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  38. 2022-05-18
    Democracy.Deepa Kansra - 2013 - In The Preamble. New Delhi, Delhi, India: pp. 102-135.
    Democracy has been hailed as a global phenomenon and the most popular feature of modern political thought. Several notable efforts have been made by the global community to promote and extend democracy to cover billions of people, with their varying histories, cultures, and disparate levels of affluence. In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly resolved to support the efforts of governments to promote and consolidate new or restored democracies. The GA in this regard stated that “democracy is a universal value (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. 2022-05-18
    Can Modalities Save Naive Set Theory?Peter Fritz, Harvey Lederman, Tiankai Liu & Dana Scott - 2018 - Review of Symbolic Logic 11 (1):21-47.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. 2022-05-18
    Using MDS to Predict the Educational Expectations of Students.Peter Ilic - 2009 - Dialogos 9:59-68.
    This paper represents an attempt to better understand the educational expectations of Japanese university students. Eighty students were asked to indicate whether or not they felt there was some relationship between 24 English words. The results were then added and entered into a table where the number at each intersection of words represented the total number of students that felt there relationship between those two words. This table was then analyzed using Multidimensional Scaling to produce a two dimension plot representing (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. 2022-05-18
    Why Stephen Hawking’s Cosmology Precludes a Creator.Quentin Smith - 1998 - Philo 1 (1):75-93.
    Atheists have tacitly conceded the field to theists in the area of philosophical cosmology, specifically, in the enterprise of explaining why the universe exists. The theistic hypothesis is that the reason the universe exists lies in God’s creative choice, but atheists have not proposed any reason why the universe exists. I argue that quantum cosmology proposes such an atheistic reason, namely, that the universe exists because it has an unconditional probability of existing based on a functional law of nature. This (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42. 2022-05-18
    The Argument From Non-Belief: THEODORE M. DRANGE.Theodore M. Drange - 1993 - Religious Studies 29 (4):417-432.
    Attempts have been made to prove God's non-existence. Often this takes the form of an appeal to the so-called Argument from Evil: if God were to exist, then he would not permit as much suffering in the world as there actually is. Hence the fact that there is so much suffering constitutes evidence for God's non-existence. In this essay I propose a variation which I shall call ‘The Argument from Non-belief’. Its basic idea is that if God were to exist, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  43. 2022-05-18
    The Confucian Golden Rule: A Negative Formulation.Robert E. Allinson - 1985 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 12 (3):305-315.
    Much has been said about Confucius’ negative formulation of the Golden Rule. Most discussions center on explaining why this formulation, while negative, does not differ at all in intention from the positive formulation. It is my view that such attempts may have the effect of blurring the essential point behind the specifically negative formulation, a point which I hope to elucidate in this essay. It is my first contention that such a negative formulation is consonant with other basic implicit Confucian (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  44. 2022-05-18
    Value Creation as the Foundation of Economics.Robert Allinson - 2009 - In L. Zsolnai (ed.), Ethical Prospects. pp. 63-87.
    The argument of this paper, written by an ethicist and a philosopher, is that self-interest economics is fundamentally flawed and needs to be replaced by a spiritual economics or a value based economics. Its argument contains two interwoven threads. One thread is an attempt to show why the fundamental philosophical notions of Adam Smith, taken as an illustration of self-interest economics, cannot lead to an equitable society. Smith’s Wealth of Nations, according to Jacob Viner, ‘ became a significant factor in (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. 2022-05-17
    Gesturing in Language: Merleau-Ponty and Mukařovský at the Phenomenological Limits of Structuralism.Jan Halák - forthcoming - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology:1-25.
    This study aims to corroborate Merleau-Ponty’s interpretations of fundamental ideas from Saussure’s linguistics by linking them to works that were independently elaborated by Jan Mukařovský, Czech structuralist aesthetician and literary theorist. I provide a comparative analysis of the two authors’ theories of language and their interpretations of thought as fundamentally determined by language. On this basis, I investigate how they conceive linguistic innovation and its translation into changes in the constituted language and other social codes and institutions. I explain how (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. 2022-05-17
    Betrayal Trauma: Traumatic Amnesia as an Adaptive Response to Childhood Abuse.Jennifer J. Freyd - 1994 - Ethics and Behavior 4 (4):307 – 329.
    Betrayal trauma theory suggests that psychogenic amnesia is an adaptive response to childhood abuse. When a parent or other powerful figure violates a fundamental ethic of human relationships, victims may need to remain unaware of the trauma not to reduce suffering but rather to promote survival. Amnesia enables the child to maintain an attachment with a figure vital to survival, development, and thriving. Analysis of evolutionary pressures, mental modules, social cognitions, and developmental needs suggests that the degree to which the (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  47. 2022-05-17
    Philosophy and Common Sense 2: Cultivating Curiosity.Sebastian Sunday-Grève & Timothy Williamson - 2022 - The Philosophers' Magazine 96:24-30.
    Sebastian Sunday-Grève and Timothy Williamson discuss the relationship between curiosity and common sense.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. 2022-05-17
    Absence and Abnormality.Bram Vaassen - forthcoming - Analysis.
    Absences pose a dilemma for theories of causation. Allowing them to be causes seems to make theories too permissive (Lewis, 2000). Banning them from being causes seems to make theories too restrictive (Schaffer, 2000, 2004). An increasingly popular approach to this dilemma is to acknowledge that norms can affect which absences count as causes (e.g., Thomson, 2003; McGrath, 2005; Henne et al., 2017; Willemsen, 2018). In this article, I distinguish between two influential implementations of such ‘abnormality’ approaches and argue that (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. 2022-05-17
    Content Disjunctivism and the Perception of Appearances.Martin A. Lipman - 2021 - Philosophers' Imprint 21 (18).
    Content disjunctivism is the view that veridical experience involves contents and objects that differ from those of corresponding hallucinations. On one formulation of this view, we are aware of ordinary material things in our surroundings when we experience veridically, and we are aware of mere appearances when we hallucinate. This paper proposes a way of developing this view and offers some considerations in support. Central to the proposed regimentation will be a distinction between different notions of appearance. We distinguish between (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. 2022-05-17
    Philosophy of Science in Practice in Ecological Model Building.Luana Poliseli, Jeferson Coutinho, Blandina Viana, Federica Russo & Charbel El-Hani - forthcoming - Biology and Philosophy:0-0.
    This article addresses the contributions of the literature on the new mechanistic philosophy of science for the scientific practice of model building in ecology. This is reflected in a one-to-one interdisciplinary collaboration between an ecologist and a philosopher of science during science-in-the-making. We argue that the identification, reconstruction, and understanding of mechanisms is context-sensitive, and for this case study mechanistic modeling did not present a normative role but a heuristic one. We expect our study to provide useful epistemic tools for (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  51. 2022-05-17
    On the Relationship Between Global Justice and Global Democracy: A Three-Layered View.Erman Eva - forthcoming - Ethics and International Affairs.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  52. 2022-05-17
    Credal Imprecision and the Value of Evidence.Nilanjan Das - forthcoming - Noûs.
    This paper is about a tension between two theses. The first is Value of Evidence: roughly, the thesis that it is always rational for an agent to gather and use cost-free evidence for making decisions. The second is Rationality of Imprecision: the thesis that an agent can be rationally required to adopt doxastic states that are imprecise, i.e., not representable by a single credence function. While others have noticed this tension, I offer a new diagnosis of it. I show that (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  53. 2022-05-17
    Educational Technology: From Educational Anarchism to Educational Totalitarianism.Mikhail Bukhtoyarov & Anna Bukhtoyarova - 2021 - In Igor Cvejić, Predrag Krstić, Nataša Lacković & Olga Nikolić (eds.), Liberating Education: What From, What For? Belgrade, Serbia: Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade. pp. 185-204.
    In the paper, the authors explore the relations between educational technology and educational ideology through the lens of philosophical inquiry. The optics of critical analysis is applied to review the instructional tools, services and systems which compose the complex picture of contemporary educational technology. The authors claim that even when initially established in the ideological domain of educational anarchism most educational technologies when being applied systemically can end up on the more oppressive side of the ideological spectrum close to educational (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  54. 2022-05-17
    Poverty as Inhuman: Plausible but Illiberal?Thaddeus Metz - 2016 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (1):1-14.
    In this article, part of a special issue devoted to Hennie Lötter’s Poverty, Ethics and Justice, I draw out an interesting implication of Hennie Lötter’s original and compelling conception of the nature of poverty as essentially inhuman. After motivating this view, I argue that it, like the capabilities approach and other views that invoke a conception of good and bad lives, is inconsistent with a standard understanding of a liberal account of the state’s role, one that is independently supported and (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  55. 2022-05-16
    When Gig Workers Become Essential: Leveraging Customer Moral Self-Awareness Beyond COVID-19.Julian Friedland - forthcoming - Business Horizons 66.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has intensified the extent to which economies in the developed and developing world rely on gig workers to perform essential tasks such as health care, personal transport, food and package delivery, and ad hoc tasking services. As a result, workers who provide such services are no longer perceived as mere low-skilled laborers, but as essential workers who fulfill a crucial role in society. The newly elevated moral and economic status of these workers increases consumer demand for corporate (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  56. 2022-05-16
    Essentialist Non-Reductivism.Taylor-Grey Miller - forthcoming - Philosophers' Imprint.
    According to many contemporary metaphysicians, we ought to theorize in terms of grounding because of its promise to explicate the idea of reality having a layered structure. However, a tension emerges when one combines the layered structure view with the view that higher-level facts are not reducible to lower level facts. This tension emerges from two problems. The first problem arises from the fact that grounding explanations entail true universal generalizations. In order to satisfy this constraint, we will face serious (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  57. 2022-05-16
    Which Method(s) for Conceptual Engineering?Manuel Gustavo Isaac, Belleri Delia, Brun Georg, Decock Lieven, Koch Steffen, Pollock Joey & Reuter Kevin - forthcoming - In Hanne Andersen, Benedikt Löwe, Hasok Chang & Tomas Marvan (eds.), Proceedings of the Congress for Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science and Technology 2019. London: College Publications.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  58. 2022-05-16
    Modal Metaphysics and the Existence of God.Joshua R. Sijuwade - 2022 - Metaphysica:1-70.
    In this article, I seek to assess the extent to which Theism, the claim that there is a God, can provide a true fundamental explanation for the existence of the infinite plurality of concrete and abstract possible worlds, posited by David K. Lewis and Alvin Plantinga. This assessment will be carried out within the (modified) explanatory framework of Richard Swinburne, which will lead to the conclusion that the existence of God provides a true fundamental explanation for these specific entities. And (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  59. 2022-05-16
    Kierkegaard and Asceticism.Antony Aumann - 2018 - Existenz 1 (13):39-43.
    In Religion of Existence, Noreen Khawaja suggests that Kierkegaard is an “ascetic” thinker. By this, she means that he regards religious striving as (1) requiring ceaseless renewal and (2) being an end in itself rather than a means to some further end. In this paper, I raise challenges to both parts of Khawaja’s proposal. I argue that the first part stands in tension with Kierkegaard’s assertion that his infinitely demanding account of religious existence is meant merely as a “corrective.” The (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  60. 2022-05-16
    Nietzsche's Conceptual Ethics.Matthieu Queloz - manuscript
    If ethical reflection on which concepts to use has an avatar, it must be Nietzsche, who took more seriously than most the question of what concepts one should live by, and regarded many of our inherited concepts as deeply problematic. Moreover, his eschewal of traditional attempts to derive the one right set of concepts from timeless rational foundations renders his conceptual ethics strikingly modern, raising the prospect of a Nietzschean alternative to Wittgensteinian non-foundationalism. Yet Nietzsche appears to engage in two (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  61. 2022-05-16
    Grief, Continuing Bonds, and Unreciprocated Love.Becky Millar & Pilar Lopez-Cantero - forthcoming - Southern Journal of Philosophy.
    The widely accepted “continuing bonds” model of grief tells us that rather than bereavement necessitating the cessation of one’s relationship with the deceased, very often the relationship continues instead in an adapted form. However, this framework appears to conflict with philosophical approaches that treat reciprocity or mutuality of some form as central to loving relationships. Seemingly the dead cannot be active participants, rendering it puzzling how we should understand claims about continued relationships with them. In this article, we resolve this (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  62. 2022-05-16
    Methodological Realism and Modal Resourcefulness: Out of the Web and Into the Mine.Lydia Patton - 2015 - Synthese 192 (11):3443-3462.
    Psillos, Kitcher, and Leplin have defended convergent scientific realism against the pessimistic meta-induction by arguing for the divide et impera strategy. I argue that DEI faces a problem more serious than the pessimistic meta-induction: the problem of accretion. When empirically successful theories and principles are combined, they may no longer make successful predictions or allow for accurate calculations, or the combination otherwise may be an empirical failure. The shift from classical mechanics to the new quantum theory does not reflect the (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  63. 2022-05-16
    Equipoise, Standard of Care, and Consent: Responding to the Authorisation of New COVID-19 Treatments in Randomised Controlled Trials.Søren Holm, Jonathan Lewis & Rafael Dal-Ré - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, large-scale research and pharmaceutical regulatory processes have proceeded at a dramatically increased pace with new and effective, evidence-based COVID-19 interventions rapidly making their way into the clinic. However, the swift generation of high-quality evidence and the efficient processing of regulatory authorisation have given rise to more specific and complex versions of well-known research ethics issues. In this paper, we identify three such issues by focusing on the authorisation of Molnupiravir, a novel antiviral medicine aimed (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  64. 2022-05-16
    Genericity and Inductive Inference.Henry Ian Schiller - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    We are often justified in acting on the basis of evidential confirmation. I argue that such evidence supports belief in non-quantificational generic generalizations, rather than universally quantified generalizations. I show how this account supports, rather than undermines, a Bayesian account of confirmation. Induction from confirming instances of a generalization to belief in the corresponding generic is part of a reasoning instinct that is typically (but not always) correct, and allows us to approximate the predictions that formal epistemology would make.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  65. 2022-05-16
    On Being Angry at Oneself.Laura Silva - forthcoming - Ratio.
    The phenomenon of self-anger has been overlooked in the contemporary literature on emotion. This is a failing we should seek to remedy. In this paper I provide the first ef-fort towards a philosophical characterization of self-anger. I argue that self-anger is a genuine instance of anger and that, as such, it is importantly distinct from the negative self-directed emotions of guilt and shame. Doing so will uncover a potentially distinctive role for self-anger in our moral psychology, as one of the (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  66. 2022-05-16
    A Phenomenology of the Work of Attention.Hanne Jacobs - forthcoming - Journal of Speculative Philosophy.
    With the aim of showing what it takes to see the world and others as they are, this article provides a phenomenological account of what Iris Murdoch has memorably called “the work of attention.” I first show that Aron Gurwitsch’s analyses of attention provide a basis on which to reject a voluntaristic account of attention according to which seeing things as they are is as simple as directing one’s attention to something. Then, in order to elucidate the work that is (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  67. 2022-05-16
    Reframing the Environment in Data-Intensive Health Sciences.Stefano Canali & Sabina Leonelli - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 93:203-214.
    In this paper, we analyse the relation between the use of environmental data in contemporary health sciences and related conceptualisations and operationalisations of the notion of environment. We consider three case studies that exemplify a different selection of environmental data and mode of data integration in data-intensive epidemiology. We argue that the diversification of data sources, their increase in scale and scope, and the application of novel analytic tools have brought about three significant conceptual shifts. First, we discuss the EXPOsOMICS (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  68. 2022-05-15
    Intuition in Mathematics? Wittgenstein's Remarks.Carlo Penco - 1981 - Epistemologia 4 (1):77.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  69. 2022-05-15
    Uncertainty in Hiring Does Not Justify Affirmative Action.Thomas Mulligan - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (3):1299-1311.
    Luc Bovens has recently advanced a novel argument for affirmative action, grounded in the plausible idea that it is hard for an employer to evaluate the qualifications of candidates from underrepresented groups. Bovens claims that this provides a profit-maximizing employer with reason to shortlist prima facie less-qualified candidates from underrepresented groups. In this paper, I illuminate three flaws in Bovens’s argument. First, it suffers from model error: A rational employer does not incur costs to scrutinize candidates when it knows their (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  70. 2022-05-15
    (May 2022 to 2014) The UNBELIEVABLE Similarities Between the Ideas of Some People (2011-2016) and My Ideas (2002-2008) in Physics (Quantum Mechanics, Cosmology), Cognitive Neuroscience, Philosophy of Mind, and Philosophy.Gabriel Vacariu - manuscript
    UNBELIEVABLE, many (hundreds) “great” or small thinkers did the same thing in 2006-2007 and later: they published the same ideas, UNBELIEVABLE similar to my ideas from 2002-2005! They believe they would be considered co-authors of the same new framework of thinking.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  1. 2022-05-22
    ANTHROPOLOGICAL SPECIFICS OF UKRAINIAN PHILOSOPHY IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF CULTURAL-PREDICATIVE ANALYSIS.Yaroslav Hnatiuk - 2022 - Ukrainian Studies 82 (1):92-105.
    The main purpose of the article is to analyze the statements of philosophical Ukrainian Studies about the anthropological specifics of Ukrainian philosophical thought by means of historicalphilosophical cultural-predicative analysis. The research methodology was determined primarily by the concept of cultural attribution and translation in the dialogue of languages of historical cultures of the Poznań Methodological School (J. Topolski, W. Wrzosek, E. Domańska) and the culturological approach in historical-philosophical Ukrainian Studies (V. Horskyi, S. Rudenko). The statements of the language of historical (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. 2022-05-22
    Review of Publishing Ethics of Scientific Journals Abroad.Hejia Xie & Jingli Chu - 2022 - Chinese Journal of Scientific and Technical Periodicals 33 (2):139-149.
    [Purposes] This paper aims to summarize the research outcome on publishing ethics of scientific journals abroad, which is expected to serve as a reference for the research on related topics in China. [Methods] Literature review method and content coding method were adopted to systematically sum up related research abroad. Then, the status quo and development trend were analyzed. [Findings] There are five main research topics: anomy of publishing ethics, elements of publishing ethics norms, status quo of publishing ethics implementation, knowledge (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. 2022-05-22
    国外科技期刊出版伦理研究述评.解 贺嘉 & 初 景利 - 2022 - 中国科技期刊研究 33 (2):139-149.
    【目的】 梳理国外学者对科技期刊出版伦理的研究成果,为我国科技期刊出版伦理的研究提供参考。【方法】 采用文献综述法和内容编码法,对国外已有研究成果进行系统总结和提炼,梳理研究现状,分析存在的问题,展望未来发展趋势。【结果】 国外已有的出版伦理相关研究成果主要包括5个研究主题:出版伦理失范、出版伦理规范、出版伦理实施现状、作者和编辑对出版伦理的认知和态度、出版伦理治理。【结论】 国外关于科技期刊出版伦理的研究成果丰硕,特征明显,但也存在缺乏研究范畴界定和对伦理规范的系统分析等问题。我国科技期刊出版伦理规范体系的建设应加强对国际研究成果的借鉴以及对规范文本的研究。.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. 2022-05-22
    Man's Responsibility for Nature: Ecological Problems and Western Traditions.John Passmore - 1974 - London: Gerald Duckworth & Co., Ltd.,.
    _Man's Responsibility for Nature_ is a book by John Passmore, a presumably able-bodied, presumably heterosexual, presumably a male white settler Australian philosopher, and his conception of Western history's ideas about human's (white man's) relationship to nature [not with] (predominately looking at USA, that is, colonial Turtle Island) and their (white man's, not white woman's unless you think white men can talk for the universal us?) place in it. Part 1 talks about the evolution of this conception beginning with the idea (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   60 citations  
  5. 2022-05-21
    Foundational Issues in Conceptual Engineering: Introduction and Overview.Isaac Manuel Gustavo & Koch Steffen - 2022 - Inquiry an Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1–9.
    This is the introduction to the Special Issue ‘Foundational Issues in Conceptual Engineering’. The issue contains contributions by James Andow, Delia Belleri, David Chalmers, Catarina Dutilh Novaes, Eugen Fischer, Viktoria Knoll, Edouard Machery and Amie Thomasson. We, the editors, provide a brief introduction to the main topics of the issue and then summarize its contributions.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. 2022-05-21
    Mundos imaginarios y cuasi-emociones: la solución a la paradoja de la ficción en Walton y Currie.Federico Burdman - 2014 - Cuadernos de Filosofía 61:63-77.
    Las soluciones a la paradoja de la ficción propuestas por Kendall Walton y Gregory Currie, a pesar de diferir en puntos de detalle importantes, suponen dos movimientos conceptuales comunes para entender la situación de quien está inmerso en una obra de ficción, a través del recurso a la noción de “cuasi-emociones” y de la idea de construcción de escenarios imaginarios. Aquí propondré que sus propuestas fallan en sus dos puntos centrales, a partir de problemas que son, sin embargo, independientes. Por (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. 2022-05-21
    ¡No pienses, mira!’: aspectos, persuasión y filosofía en Wittgenstein.Federico Burdman - 2016 - Tópicos: Revista de Filosofía 31:1-21.
    En este trabajo me propongo explorar algunas consecuencias que implica adoptar una lectura disolutoria fuerte de las Investigaciones Filosóficas de Wittgenstein. A tal fin, recorreré los textos clave para la lectura disolutoria y exploraré la relación que tal concepción guarda con el estilo de composición de la obra, a partir de la clarificación del tipo de objetivo que Wittgenstein se propone. A partir de allí, desarrollaré las consecuencias que supone el modo wittgensteiniano de entender la terapia filosófica sobre los recursos (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. 2022-05-21
    Palabras como golpes: en torno a la concepción causal de la metáfora de Donald Davidson.Federico Burdman - 2016 - Boletín de Estética 34 (XII):45-71.
    En este trabajo analizo el entramado conceptual de la concepción causal de la metáfora (Davidson 1978). Para ello me enfocaré en primer lugar en su discusión con las concepciones semánticas, lo que nos llevará a discutir el tratamiento davidsoniano de la noción de significado y su distinción entre significado de la oración y significado del hablante. Luego plantearé un problema interno a este enfoque, en términos de cómo entender esta última distinción dentro del marco nominalista del pragmatismo davidsoniano. Finalmente, analizaré (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. 2022-05-21
    Review of Wouter Achterberg, Samenleving, natuur en duurzaamheid. Een inleiding in de milieufilosofie (Assen: Van Gorcum 1994).Maarten Mentzel - 1995 - Filosofie En Praktijk 16 (3):167-168.
    Review of a comprehensive introduction to a philosophy of the environment. Refers to the United Nations Brundtland-report (1987) and its ground-breaking definition of "sustainable development". Account of dilemma's of wants and needs of future generations. Notes and comments on Garrett Hardin, Tragedy of the commons (1968), Jacques Ellul, The technological society (1964) and Langdon Winner, Autonomous technology (1977). Study ends with a well-founded plea for an ecological society.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. 2022-05-21
    Towards a Critique of Reification as a Critique of Forms of Life.Tivadar Vervoort - 2021 - Metodo. International Studies in Phenomenology and Philosophy 9 (2):291-326.
    The claim that there is “no alternative”, to contemporary neoliberal capitalism is widespread today. This paper proposes a reinterpretation of the notion of reification to scrutinize the alleged necessity of the capitalist social order. Developed by Georg Lukács, the problem of reification refers to the experience of social arrangements as thinglike entities rather than as products of social construction. By addressing the problem of reification within a social ontology of forms of life, the occurrence of reification is understood as resulting (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. 2022-05-21
    The Concept of a Meaningful Life.Thaddeus Metz - 2001 - American Philosophical Quarterly 38 (2):137-153.
    This paper aims to clarify what we are asking when posing the question of what (if anything) makes a life meaningful. People associate many different ideas with talk of "meaning in life," so that one must search for an account of the question that is primary in some way. Therefore, after briefly sketching the major conceptions of life's meaning in 20th century philosophical literature, the remainder of the paper systematically seeks a satisfactory analysis the concept of a meaningful life that (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  12. 2022-05-21
    African Conceptions of Human Dignity: Vitality and Community as the Ground of Human Rights.Thaddeus Metz - 2012 - Human Rights Review 13 (1):19-37.
    I seek to advance enquiry into the philosophical question of in virtue of what human beings have a dignity of the sort that grounds human rights. I first draw on values salient in sub-Saharan African moral thought to construct two theoretically promising conceptions of human dignity, one grounded on vitality, or liveliness, and the other on our communal nature. I then argue that the vitality conception cannot account for several human rights that we intuitively have, while the community conception can (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  13. 2022-05-21
    Toward an African Moral Theory.Thaddeus Metz - 2007 - Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (3):321–341.
    In this article I articulate and defend an African moral theory, i.e., a basic and general principle grounding all particular duties that is informed by sub-Saharan values commonly associated with talk of "ubuntu" and cognate terms that signify personhood or humanness. The favoured interpretation of ubuntu (as of 2007) is the principle that an action is right insofar as it respects harmonious relationships, ones in which people identify with, and exhibit solidarity toward, one another. I maintain that this is the (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   108 citations  
  14. 2022-05-21
    Our Responsibility to the Non-Existent.Chelsea Haramia - 2013 - Southwest Philosophy Review 29 (1):249-256.
    Those who do not exist cannot be harmed. If someone is not worse off than she otherwise would have been, she is not harmed. Together, these claims entail that the individuals in non-identity cases are not harmed, because no one who exists is made worse off. While these claims might be true at the individual level, their truth does not preclude our having harm-based concerns about future persons in general. These concerns are justified when we recognize the responsibility we have (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  15. 2022-05-21
    “What is the Difference Between Your Subset Objection to Rawls on Utilitarianism and T.H. Irwin’s Commentary?”.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    T.H. Irwin’s stimulating commentary on John Rawls anticipates but does not make “the subset objection to Rawls.” This term of mine is potentially misleading, but Irwin’s commentary is more so: I argue that relevant parts involve dubious commitments.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. 2022-05-21
    Scientific Misconduct and Inappropriate Behaviour – Status and Planned Measures.Werner Wegscheider & Aleksandra Radenovic - 2021 - EPFL Presentation.
    Presentation: Scientific misconduct and inappropriate behaviour – status and planned measures Authors: Werner Wegscheider (ETH); Aleksandra Radenovic (EPFL) .
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. 2022-05-21
    Hegel and Wittgenstein on Difficulties of Beginning at the Beginning.Jakub Mácha - forthcoming - Topoi:1-15.
    Both Hegel and the later Wittgenstein were concerned with the problem of how to begin speculation, or the problem of beginning. I argue that despite many differences, there are surprising similarities between their thinking about the beginning. They both consider different kinds of beginnings and combine them into complex analogies. The beginning has a subjective and an objective moment. The philosophizing subject has to begin with something, with an object. For Hegel, the objective moment is pure being. For Wittgenstein, the (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. 2022-05-21
    Local and Global Deference.J. Dmitri Gallow - manuscript
    A norm of local expert deference says that your credence in an arbitrary proposition A, given that the expert's probability for A is n, should be n. A norm of global expert deference says that your credence in A, given that the expert's entire probability function is E, should be E(A). Gaifman (1988) taught us that these two norms are not equivalent. Here, I provide characterisation theorems which tell us precisely when the norms give different advice. They tell us that, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. 2022-05-21
    Engels and the “Dialectics of Nature”.Kaan Kangal - 2022 - In Friedrich Engels for the 21st Century: Reflections and Revaluations. pp. 53-71.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. 2022-05-21
    Normal‐Proper Functions in the Philosophy of Mind.Andrew Rubner - 2022 - Philosophy Compass:1-11.
    This paper looks at the nature of normal-proper functions and the role they play in theories of representational content. More specifically: I lay down two desiderata for a theory which tries to capture what's distinctive of normal-proper functions and discuss two prominent theories which claim to satisfy them. I discuss the advantages of having normal-proper functions ground a theory of representational content. And, I look at both orthodox and heterodox versions of such theories.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21. 2022-05-21
    Probability Modals and Infinite Domains.Adam Marushak - 2020 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 49 (5):1041-1055.
    Recent years have witnessed a proliferation of attempts to apply the mathematical theory of probability to the semantics of natural language probability talk. These sorts of “probabilistic” semantics are often motivated by their ability to explain intuitions about inferences involving “likely” and “probably”—intuitions that Angelika Kratzer’s canonical semantics fails to accommodate through a semantics based solely on an ordering of worlds and a qualitative ranking of propositions. However, recent work by Wesley Holliday and Thomas Icard has been widely thought to (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. 2022-05-21
    The Problem of Pancomputationalism: Focusing on Three Related Arguments.SeongSoo Park - 2019 - Journal of Cognitive Science 21 (2):349-369.
    Pancomputationalism is the view that everything is a computer. This, if true, poses some difficulties to the computational theory of cognition. In particular, the strongest version of it suggested by John Searle seems enough to trivialize computational cognitivists’ core idea on which our cognitive system is a computing system. The aim of this paper is to argue against Searle’s pancomputationalism. To achieve this, I will draw a line between realized computers and unrealized computers. Through this distinction, I expect that it (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. 2022-05-21
    Virtue, Silenced Option and Asymmetry.Zhaohui Wen -
    Asymmetry Thesis proposed by Susan Wolf says, that if one agent is blameworthy, then he should have the ability to do otherwise, while if he is praiseworthy, then he is not required to have the ability to do otherwise (Wolf 1990, 79-81). In this paper, I try to advance a new proposal in defense of Asymmetry Thesis form a perspective intersecting our discussion of moral responsibility and our discussion of virtue ethics. That is, I propose to argue that a promising (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. 2022-05-20
    Joe Panzner (2015) The Process That Is the World: Cage/Deleuze/Events/Performances. [REVIEW]Iain Campbell - 2018 - Deleuze and Guattari Studies 12 (3):444-453.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. 2022-05-20
    Sounds Flush with the Real: Mixed Semiotic Strategies in Post-Cagean Musical Experimentalism.Iain Campbell - 2021 - In Paulo de Assis & Paolo Giudici (eds.), Machinic Assemblages of Desire: Deleuze and Artistic Research 3. Leuven, Belgium: pp. 107-114.
    When beginning to think about the relation between experimental music and the thought of Gilles Deleuze, this quotation seems to be a natural starting point. In Deleuze and Guattari’s affirmation of this phrase from John Cage they suggest a resonance between music and philosophy: in both fields the experimental approach entails a dismantling of predetermining codes and hierarchies, and with this arises the opportunity for an open-endedness that accommodates singular events and encounters. This understanding of experimentation, however, is not as (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. 2022-05-20
    Normativity at the Edge of Reason - Review of Cecile Malaspina, An Epistemology of Noise. [REVIEW]Iain Campbell - 2021 - Radical Philosophy 9:93-96.
    In recent years noise seems to have become an interdisciplinary concept par excellence, apt to capturing important dynamics at work whether in technological, scientific, social, or aesthetic domains. But when economists, biologists, psychologists, and musicians speak of noise, are they really all referring to the same thing? In An Epistemology of Noise Cecile Malaspina takes this dispersion of the notion of noise as a starting point, and moreover accepts that, when removed from its mathematical formulation in information theory and spread (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. 2022-05-20
    Improvisation, Indeterminacy, and Ontology: Some Perspectives on Music and the Posthumanities.Iain Campbell - 2021 - Contemporary Music Review 40 (4):409-424.
    In this article I address some questions concerning the emerging conjunction of musical research on improvisation and work in the ‘posthumanities’, in particular the theoretical results of the ‘ontological turn’ in the humanities. Engaging with the work of the composer John Cage, and George E. Lewis’s framing of Cage’s performative indeterminacy as a ‘Eurological’ practice that excludes ‘Afrological’ jazz improvisation, I examine how critical discourse on Cage and his conception of sound is relevant to the improvisation-posthumanities conjunction. After discussing some (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. 2022-05-20
    Kierkegaard and Socrates.Claudia Meadows - 2022 - Dissertation,
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. 2022-05-20
    Country-Specific Health Research Paper- Overview of Bangladesh and Addressing Dental Health Situation of Bangladeshis.Md Majidul Haque Bhuiyan - manuscript
    Now, the climate of Bangladesh has subtropical monsoon weather with extensive seasonal variations concerning humidity, temperature, and rainfall. Furthermore, it has altitudes from 600 to 1000 meters above sea level, whereas, at 1063 m(3,488 ft.) altitude, Saka Haphong at Mowdok range is the highest height in the southern part the hill there (Wasson, R., 2003). Bangladesh is an emerging market as a developing nation where approximately 30% of its GDP comes from agriculture to tell more about the country. However, Bangladesh (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. 2022-05-20
    Technology and Newer Innovations All Involving Science.Md Majidul Haque Bhuiyan - manuscript
    Sustainable Finance is the procedure of taking Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors into consideration when making financial investment decisions (Zheng et al., 2021). Changing climate, moderation, adaptation, and the larger environment are all causes of environmental issues. Conservation of biodiversity, pollution avoidance, and circular economics are all part of it. Labor relations, investments in human capital and communities, and human rights challenges are examples of social factors. The governance of governmental and non - governmental businesses, including management structures, employee (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. 2022-05-20
    Clipping Path Service.Md Majidul Haque Bhuiyan - manuscript
    The simplest of solution providers define its problem assignment in the practical manner. Here we are, tet alone clipping path service, only the term 'Clipping path' can be seemed to be an unfamiliar topic to the newly added digital arena professionals. people, but as we relate Clipping Path such as- 'cutting a picture from the newspaper'- practical experience like that is bonded with Clipping path as- those are twins in practical and virtual arena. Here, in manual part, you are cutting (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. 2022-05-20
    A Synopsis of Practical Applications on Indigenous Research Framework and Methods of an Article by Lynn F Lavallée. [REVIEW]Md Majidul Haque Bhuiyan - manuscript
    The Selected paper investigates the difficulties and examples learned in utilizing an Indigenous research system and qualitative requests. Two qualitative Indigenous research strategies, sharing circles and Anishnaabe symbol-based reflection, be talked about. Presentation, The vision for my doctoral research depended on Indigenous epistemology also, Indigenous methods of understanding the world. In this undertaking, what was considered "commendable" as research? What's more, what inquiries were posed were established in the Indigenous instructing of the medication wheel, which will be portrayed later. Testing (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. 2022-05-20
    Replies to De Rizzo & Schnieder, Tegtmeier and Vallicella.Bo R. Meinertsen - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-11.
    In this piece I respond to commentaries by Julio De Rizzo & Benjamin Schnieder, Erwin Tegtmeier and William Vallicella on my book Metaphysics of States of Affairs (Springer, 2018).
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. 2022-05-20
    Talent Flow Network, the Life Cycle of Firms, and Their Innovations.Bo Sun, Ao Ruan, Biyu Peng & Wenzhu Lu - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13:788515.
    This paper explores how talent flow network and the firm life cycle affect the innovative performances of firms. We first established an interorganizational talent flow network with the occupational mobility data available from the public resumes on LinkedIn China. Thereafter, this information was combined with the financial data of China’s listed companies to develop a unique dataset for the time period between 2000 and 2015. The empirical results indicate the following: (1) The breadth and depth of firms’ embedding in the (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. 2022-05-20
    Variedades del convencionalismo y del naturalismo en la reflexión antigua acerca del lenguaje.Eduardo Sinnott - 2021 - Circe de Clásicos y Modernos 25 (2):85-103.
    En el Cratilo platónico se plantea por primera vez la cuestión del fundamento de la significación lingüística; se lo hace en el marco de la oposición entre naturaleza y convención, en la que se basó también el debate posterior acerca del tema. En el trabajo que sigue se presenta un repaso de los aspectos teóricos más importantes de los argumentos de las tesis naturalista y convencionalista expuestas y defendidas en ese y en otros textos de la tradición antigua, y se (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. 2022-05-20
    How Does Hands-On Making Attitude Predict Epistemic Curiosity and Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Career Interests? Evidence From an International Exhibition of Young Inventors.Yuting Cui, Jon-Chao Hong, Chi-Ruei Tsai & Jian-Hong Ye - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13:859179.
    Whether the hands-on experience of creating inventions can promote Students’ interest in pursuing a science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) career has not been extensively studied. In a quantitative study, we drew on the attitude-behavior-outcome framework to explore the correlates between hands-on making attitude, epistemic curiosities, and career interest. This study targeted students who joined the selection competition for participating in the International Exhibition of Young Inventors (IEYI) in Taiwan. The objective of the invention exhibition is to encourage young students (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. 2022-05-20
    Prisoners of Prophecy: Freedom and Foreknowledge in the Dune Series.William Peden - forthcoming - In Dune and Philosophy: Mind, Monads and Muad’Dib.
    In the Dune Series, Frank Herbert explores the idea of prophecy. To be prescient seems to be empowered, but is this true? Can knowing the future trap us? Does knowledge of the future constrict our sense of being free agents? -/- These questions have also been explored by decision theorists and philosophers of action. Thus, this chapter provides an introduction to these fields aimed at fans of the Dune series. -/- I explain the Prisoner's Dilemma and how foreknowledge can trap (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. 2022-05-20
    Três fragmentos de Empédocles (B 30, B 110, B 115): texto grego e tradução.Luan Reboredo - 2021 - Anais de Filosofia Clássica 15 (29):169-173.
    Portuguese translation of three Empedocles’ fragments (B 30, B 110 and B 115 Diels–Kranz). — — — Tradução para o português de três fragmentos de Empédocles (B 30, B 110 e B 115 Diels–Kranz).
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. 2022-05-20
    Explanatory Reasoning in the Material Theory of Induction.William Peden - forthcoming - Metascience.
    In his recent book, John Norton has created a theory of inference to the best explanation, within the context of his "material theory of induction". I apply it to the problem of scientific explanations that are false: if we want the theories in our explanations to be true, then why do historians and scientists often say that false theories explained phenomena? I also defend Norton's theory against some possible objections.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. 2022-05-20
    Moral Philosophy and the Problems of Anxiety.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    Some of the most influential moral philosophers in the English-speaking world say or suggest that we should only pay attention to moral judgments made in certain states of mind, where these states exclude anxious states. In this paper, I argue that this position faces at least two major problems.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. 2022-05-20
    Amalia Holst on the Education of the Human Race.Corey W. Dyck - forthcoming - In Isabel Karremann, Anne-Claire Michoux & Gideon Stiening (eds.), Women and the Law in the Eighteenth-Century. Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler.
    Amalia Holst (1758-1829) has had a rather conflicted reception within the history of feminism. Her Über die Bestimmung des Weibes zur höhern Geistesbildung (On the Vocation of Woman to the Higher Education of the Mind, 1802) is a strident defense of women’s right of access to education; however her case relies on the presuppostion of woman's traditional threefold role as "mother, spouse, and housewife." In this essay, in addition to disclosing new details about Holst's life, I contend that a closer (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. 2022-05-20
    The Future of Nuclear War.Alexey Turchin -
    In this article, I present a view on the future of nuclear war which takes into account the expected technological progress as well as global political changes. There are three main directions in which technological progress in nuclear weapons may happen: a) Many gigaton scale weapons. b) Cheaper nuclear bombs which are based on the use of the reactor-grade plutonium, laser isotope separation or are hypothetical pure fusion weapons. Also, advanced nanotechnology will provide the ability to quickly build large nuclear (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. 2022-05-20
    Sex, Love, and Paternalism.David Birks - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (1):257-270.
    Paternalistic behaviour directed towards a person’s informed and competent decisions is often thought to be morally impermissible. This view is supported by what we can call the Anti-Paternalism Principle. While APP might seem plausible when employed to show the wrongness of paternalism by the state, there are some cases of paternalistic behaviour between private, informed, and competent individuals where APP seems mistaken. This raises a difficulty for supporters of APP. Either they need to reject APP to accommodate our intuitions in (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. 2022-05-20
    Pitagorejczycy, albo pochwała metafizyki.Jerzy Gołosz - 2021 - Filozofia i Nauka 1 (9):251-276.
    This paper attempts to demonstrate that the conviction about the harmony and order of the world was a fundamental metaphysical principle of the Pythagoreans. This harmony and order were primarily sought in the structures of arithmetics, yet following the discovery of incommensurable magnitudes (irrational numbers, as we now call them), the Pythagoreans began to see geometrical structure as a fundamental part of the world. On the example of the Pythagoreans’ metaphysics and science, the paper shows the mutual relations between metaphysics (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. 2022-05-20
    Bilim Çarpık Bilim Ayrımı Üzerine Bir İnceleme: Astroloji Örneği.Nesrin Şafak - 2021 - Pegem Akademi.
    Bilim ve çarpık bilim arasına sınır çizebilmek için yapılan girişimler farklı teorilerin gelistirilmesini sağlamıştır. Henüz net bir sınır çizilememiştir ve tartışmalar devam etmektedir. İlk olarak doğrulama ve yanlışlama teorileri daha sonraları ise bilim çalışmalarını bir bütün olarak ele alan, araştırma programları olarak gören teoriler sunulmuştur. Bilimsel çalışmaların, yeni sorunlar üretmesi ve eleştirel bakış açısına sahip olması da bilim olanın sınırlarını çizebilmek için ölçütler arasında sayılmıştır. Bu çabalar ile bilim pratiklerinin irdelenmesi zamanla bilim insanına ve bilim kurumlarına yönelmiştir. Bu konunun önemli (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. 2022-05-20
    Review of Aziz Rana The Two Faces of American Freedom. [REVIEW]Duncan Ivison - 2011 - Perspectives 9:683-4.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. 2022-05-20
    With Vietnam’s Economic Advance Comes Stark Income Inequality.Scott Duke Harris - 2015 - Los Angeles Times.
    Two blocks from the new Rolls-Royce showroom with its mindboggling prices, two street peddlers say they don’t pay attention to the luxurious rides now mixing amid hordes of motorbikes. Why should they?
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. 2022-05-20
    Chairman Vu, Vietnam's Coffee King.Scott Duke Harris - 2012 - Forbes Asia.
    It’s ten minutes before eight on a mild morning in Hanoi, and the philosopher-king of Vietnam’s potent coffee industry is down to the last 2 inches of his first cigar of the day.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. 2022-05-20
    Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Associated With Diabetic Foot Prevention Among Rural Adults With Diabetes in North China.Huimin Jia, Xiaocheng Wang & Jingmin Cheng - 2022 - Frontiers in Public Health 10:876105.
    The diabetic foot is a global threat to public health because it can result in infection and amputation, as well as cause the patient to experience considerable pain and incur financial costs. The condition of patients with diabetic foot in North China is distinguished by more severe local ulcers, a worse prognosis, and a longer duration of disease than that of patients with diabetic foot in the south. Through appropriate preventive measures, the diabetic foot can be effectively avoided. This study (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. 2022-05-20
    The Ontological Argument and Question-Begging.William L. Rowe - 1976 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (4):425 - 432.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  51. 2022-05-20
    Circular Explanations, Cosmological Arguments, and Sufficient Reasons.William Rowe - 1997 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 21 (1):188-201.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  52. 2022-05-20
    Creation as a Pseudo-Explanation in Current Physical Cosmology.Adolf Grünbaum - 1991 - Erkenntnis 35 (1-3):233 - 254.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  53. 2022-05-20
    Theological Misinterpretations of Current Physical Cosmology.Adolf Grünbaum - 1998 - Philo 1 (1):15-34.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  54. 2022-05-20
    Malleable Character: Organizational Behavior Meets Virtue Ethics and Situationism.Santiago Mejia & Joshua August Skorburg - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies.
    This paper introduces a body of research on Organizational Behavior and Industrial/Organizational Psychology (OB/IO) that expands the range of empirical evidence relevant to the ongoing character-situation debate. This body of research, mostly neglected by moral philosophers, provides important insights to move the debate forward. First, the OB/IO scholarship provides empirical evidence to show that social environments like organizations have significant power to shape the character traits of their members. This scholarship also describes some of the mechanisms through which this process (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  55. 2022-05-19
    Holistic Vision of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji [Part - II].Devinder Pal Singh - 2021 - The Sikh Review 69 (6):13-21.
    Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur, ninth Sikh Guru, fell as a martyr to the freedom of consciousness and belief. The Guru's great sacrifice was to vindicate the people's right to profess and practice their faith. It meant the assertion of the principle of justice for which the ruling Mughal rulers of the day had very scant regard. For this reason, the life, career, and teachings of Guru Tegh Bahadur are of immense significance even in contemporary times, when the forces of hate, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  56. 2022-05-19
    When the Anthropologist Helps the Psyquiatrist.Victor Mota - manuscript
    When the anthropologist has more solution to mentall ilness, i.e., medication and therapy, in vue to the richness of reality and social world.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  57. 2022-05-19
    Aristotle and the Enlightenment in the History of Science: Possible Relationship?Adílio José Marques & André Vinicius Dias Senra - 2022 - Research, Society and Development 11 (6):e35811629299.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  58. 2022-05-19
    Le principe de neutralité comme justification des exemptions religieuses.Karel J. Leyva - 2021 - Theologiques 29 (1):215-241.
    Supporters of neutrality as benign neglect argue that a neutral state should not grant any type of recognition to cultural or religious groups. Liberal multiculturalists argue instead that due to the non-neutral nature of public institutions, democratic states must adopt policies that recognize and accommodate the distinctive needs of ethnocultural groups. This article examines a different way of conceiving the principle of neutrality. In this conception, developed by Alan Patten in the framework of liberal multiculturalism, a state can only be (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  59. 2022-05-19
    Armonia, concordia e politica in Eraclito e nei pitagorici.Diego Garcia Rincon - 2021 - Eirene. Studia Graeca Et Latina 1 (57):93-118.
    This paper examines the relation between Pythagorean and Heraclitean political views. I argue that for Pythagoras, Heraclitus, and Archytas the cosmological and musical notions of harmony (ἁρμονία) and the related notion of concord (ὁμόνοια) have an intrinsic political significance. These thinkers variously reflect upon political harmony and concord, and agree that a crucial condition for it is law (νόμος), which according to Pythagoras and Heraclitus has a divine origin. I begin with the Heraclitean fragments 22 B51, 54, 72, and 114 (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  60. 2022-05-19
    Education, Conflict and Harmony in Book 1 of Plato's Laws.Diego Garcia Rincon - 2021 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 2 (15):29-52.
    Book 1 of Plato’s Laws, and particularly the image of the puppet introduced near its end, has been traditionally interpreted as presenting the moral psychology model that underlies the educational system delineated by the Athenian Stranger, which construes virtue as consonance between the non–rational and the rational elements of the soul. But a different and competing conception of virtue looms large in Laws 1, virtue as victory of the best part of the soul in psychic conflict. This paper argues that (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  61. 2022-05-19
    Kant and Rehberg on Political Theory and Practice.Mike Gregory - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-23.
    This article examines the under-researched figure A.W. Rehberg in his exchange with Kant over the relationship between theory and practice in the philosophy of right. I argue that Rehberg raises, w...
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  62. 2022-05-19
    وسائل الاعلام وأثرها على القيم الدينية للطفل؛ التلفاز نموذجا.أحمد بوسعيد & بلخضر مزوار - 2020 - مجلة مؤشر للدراسات الاستطلاعية 1 (1):49-58.
    أدت الطفرة الهائلة في الأنشطة الاقتصادية، والتطور الكبير الحاصل في ميدان الاعلام والاتصال، واتساع دائرة مشاهدة المحطات الفضائية الخاصة بالأطفال على اختلاف تسمياتها، وأنواعها ومنتسبيها من جميع أقطار العالم دون مراعات المكونات الثقافية والدينية والاجتماعية لمشاهديها، كل هذا أثر تأثيرا مباشرا على القيم الدينية لهذه الفئة الأساسية من مكونات المجتمع .
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  63. 2022-05-19
    On Geometric Nature of Numbers and the Non-Empirical Scientific Method.Elias Smith - manuscript
    We give a brief overview of the evolution of mathematics, starting from antiquity, through Renaissance, to the 19th century, and the culmination of the train of thought of history’s greatest thinkers that lead to the grand unification of geometry and algebra. The goal of this paper is not a complete formal description of any particular theoretical framework, but to show how extremisation of mathematical rigor in requiring everything be drivable directly from first principles without any arbitrary assumptions actually leads to (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  64. 2022-05-19
    Zeno Paradox, Unexpected Hanging Paradox (Modeling of Reality & Physical Reality, A Historical-Philosophical View).Farzad Didehvar - manuscript
    In our research about Fuzzy Time and modeling time, "Unexpected Hanging Paradox" plays a major role. Here, we compare this paradox to the Zeno Paradox and the relations of them with our standard models of continuum and Fuzzy numbers. To do this, we review the project "Fuzzy Time and Possible Impacts of It on Science" and introduce a new way in order to approach the solutions for these paradoxes. Additionally, we have a more general discussion about paradoxes, as Philosophical back (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  65. 2022-05-19
    Specific Phobia Is an Ideal Psychiatric Kind.Alexander Pereira - 2020 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (3):299-315.
    The causes and underlying natures of common mental disorders are, for the most part, quite mysterious. Our best taxonomies acknowledge this poverty of causal knowledge about minds, brains, society, and whatever else, to instead classify psychopathology based on clusters of detectable signs and symptoms: what it is to be, say, depressed, is simply to exhibit the minimum number of typical features for the right amount of time. Nothing in this approach references what causes and maintains a characteristic set of symptoms, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  66. 2022-05-19
    Phenomenal Explanationism and the Look of Things.Kevin McCain & Luca Moretti -
    Matthew McGrath has recently challenged all theories that allow for immediate perceptual justification. This challenge comes by way of arguing for what he calls the “Looks View” of visual justification, which entails that our visual beliefs that are allegedly immediately justified are in fact mediately justified based on our independent beliefs about the looks of things. This paper shows that McGrath’s arguments are unsound or, at the very least, that they do not cause genuine concern for the species of dogmatism (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  67. 2022-05-19
    Zeno Paradox, Unexpected Hanging Paradox (Modeling of Reality & Physical Reality, A Historical-Philosophical View).Farzad Didehvar - manuscript
    . In our research about Fuzzy Time and modeling time, "Unexpected Hanging Paradox" plays a major role. Here, we compare this paradox to the Zeno Paradox and the relations of them with our standard models of continuum and Fuzzy numbers. To do this, we review the project "Fuzzy Time and Possible Impacts of It on Science" and introduce a new way in order to approach the solutions for these paradoxes. Additionally, we have a more general discussion about paradoxes, as Philosophical (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  68. 2022-05-19
    Krieg der Gendersterne.Ulrich Thomas Wolfstädter - 2022 - Berlin, Deutschland: Frank & Timme GmbH.
    Die Debatte über das Für und Wider gendergerechter Sprache ist in vollem Gange. Die Fronten sind jedoch längst verhärtet. Falsch ist nicht die Absicht, patriarchale Strukturen der bestehenden Gesellschaft zu beseitigen. Das Feld der Sprache aber ist dafür gänzlich ungeeignet. Ulrich Thomas Wolf­städter fragt nach den Gründen für das Unbehagen in der Sprache. Antworten findet er unter anderem in dem verbreiteten Glauben, das Genus der Wörter habe grundlegend etwas mit dem bio­logischen Geschlecht zu tun. Wo aber dafür gekämpft wird, nicht (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  69. 2022-05-19
    Conscious-State Anti-Realism.Pete Mandik - 2015 - In Carlos Muñoz-Suárez & Filipe De Brigard (eds.), Content and Consciousness Revisited. Berlin: Springer. pp. 184-197.
    Realism about consciousness conjoins a claim that consciousness exists with a claim that the existence is independent in some interesting sense. Consciousness realism so conceived may thus be opposed by a variety of anti-realisms, distinguished from each other by denying the first, the second, or both of the realist’s defining claims. I argue that Dennett’s view of consciousness is best read as an anti-realism that affirms the existence of consciousness while denying an important independence claim.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  70. 2022-05-19
    Hypatia.Claudia Meadows - 2022 - Dissertation,
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  71. 2022-05-19
    What is an Ideal Theory in Political Philosophy?Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    I present two senses in which a political philosophy may be an ideal theory. They are not identified by Laura Valentini, in her much-cited paper. The paper is written as a pastiche of the writing style of the distinguished legal and political philosopher Joseph Raz, who recently passed away, with my notes at the foot of the page within square brackets.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  72. 2022-05-19
    Lecture Note on Pakistan Colonial Administration.Md Majidul Haque Bhuiyan - manuscript
    On 15th August 1947 Indian Subcontinent won freedom from two centuries of British rule. The country was partitioned on the basis of religion. Muslim majority inhabited people formed Pakistan and Hindu majority people formed India. Bengal was partitioned into two. Two thirds of it joined with Pakistan and one third remained with India. Muslim majority inhabited East Bengal was with Pakistan. With the birth of Pakistan on the midnight of 14 August 1947 the eastern part of Bengal became province of (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  73. 2022-05-19
    Women in the History of Analytic Philosophy.Jeanne Peijnenburg & Sander Verhaegh (eds.) - forthcoming - Cham: Springer.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  74. 2022-05-19
    Probability of Guilt.Mario Günther - manuscript
    In legal proceedings, a fact-finder needs to decide whether a defendant is guilty or not based on probabilistic evidence. We defend the thesis that the defendant should be found guilty just in case it is rational for the fact-finder to believe that the defendant is guilty. We draw on Leitgeb’s stability theory for an appropriate notion of rational belief and show how our thesis solves the problem of statistical evidence. Finally, we defend our account of legal proof against challenges from (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  75. 2022-05-19
    Why Being Morally Virtuous Enhances Well-Being: A Self-Determination Theory Approach.Alexios Arvanitis & Matt Stichter - forthcoming - The Journal of Moral Education:1-17.
    Self-determination theory, like other psychological theories that study eudaimomia, focuses on general processes of growth and self-realization. An aspect that tends to be sidelined in the relevant literature is virtue. We propose that special focus needs to be placed on moral virtue and its development. We review different types of moral motivation and argue that morally virtuous behavior is regulated through integrated regulation. We describe the process of moral integration and how it relates to the development of moral virtue. We (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  76. 2022-05-19
    What Is Punishment?Frej Klem Thomsen -
    Since the middle of the 20th century, philosophers and legal scholars have debated the precise definition of punishment. This chapter surveys the debate, identifies six potential conditions of punishment, and critically reviews each of them: 1) the response condition, which holds that punishment must be in response to wrongdoing, 2) the culpability condition, which holds that punishment must be of a person morally responsible for wrongdoing, 3) the authority condition, which holds that punishment must be imposed by a relevant authority, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  77. 2022-05-19
    The Problem of Faith and Reason.Daniel Howard-Snyder & Daniel J. McKaughan - forthcoming - In The Cambridge Companion to Religious Epistemology. New York, NY, USA:
    Faith in God conflicts with reason—or so we’re told. We focus on two arguments for this conclusion. After evaluating three criticisms of them, we identify an assumption they share, namely that faith in God requires belief that God exists. Whether the assumption is true depends on what faith is. We sketch a theory of faith that allows for both faith in God without belief that God exists, and faith in God while in belief-cancelling doubt God’s existence. We then argue that (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  78. 2022-05-19
    Psychobiographical Reflections on the Inseparability of Life and Thought in Heidegger's "Turn".Robert D. Stolorow - 2022 - Clio's Psyche 28 (3):367-371.
    After noting how academic philosophers have shunned psychobiography, the author brings to focus the psychobiographical sources of Martin Heidegger's "turn" from a hermeneutic phenomenology to a form of metaphysical mysticism.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  79. 2022-05-19
    Does Everything Resemble Everything Else to the Same Degree?Ben Blumson - 2022 - Asian Journal of Philosophy 1 (1).
    According to Satosi Watanabe’s “theorem of the ugly duckling”, the number of predicates satisfied by any two different particulars is a constant, which does not depend on the choice of the two particulars. If the number of predicates satisfied by two particulars is their number of properties in common, and the degree of resemblance between two particulars is a function of their number of properties in common, then it follows that the degree of resemblance between any two different particulars is (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  80. 2022-05-18
    An Extension of Heron’s Formula to Tetrahedra, and the Projective Nature of Its Zeros.Havel Timothy - manuscript
    A natural extension of Heron's 2000 year old formula for the area of a triangle to the volume of a tetrahedron is presented. This extension gives the fourth power of the volume as a polynomial in six simple rational functions of the areas of its four faces and of its three medial parallelograms, which will be referred to herein as interior faces. Geometrically, these rational functions are the areas of the triangles into which the exterior faces are divided by the (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  81. 2022-05-18
    Techno-Optimism: An Analysis, an Evaluation and a Modest Defence.John Danaher - forthcoming - Philosophy and Technology.
    What is techno-optimism and how can it be defended? Although techno-optimist views are widely espoused and critiqued, there have been few attempts to systematically analyse what it means to be a techno-optimist and how one might defend this view. This paper attempts to address this oversight by providing a comprehensive analysis and evaluation of techno-optimism. It is argued that techno-optimism is a pluralistic stance that comes in weak and strong forms. These vary along a number of key dimensions but each (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  82. 2022-05-18
    Interpretative Modesty.Mark McCullagh - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy.
    Philosophers have wanted to work with conceptions of word-competence, or concept-possession, on which being a competent practitioner with a word amounts to being a competent judge of its uses by others. I argue that our implicit conception of competence with a word does not have this presupposition built into it. One implication of this is what I call "modesty" in interpretation: we allow for others, uses of words that we would not allow for ourselves. I develop this point by looking (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  83. 2022-05-18
    Platon: Biografia.Sfetcu Nicolae - manuscript
    Principala sursă biografică despre Platon, după mărturia neoplatonicului Simplicius, ar fi fost scrisă de discipolul Xenocrate, dar din păcate nu a ajuns la noi. Cea mai veche biografie a lui Platon care a ajuns până la noi, De Platone et dogmate eius, este a unui autor latin din secolul al II-lea, Apuleius. Toate celelalte biografii ale lui Platon au fost scrise la peste cinci sute de ani de la moartea sa. Istoricul grec Diogene (secolele II și III) este autorul unei (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  84. 2022-05-18
    Liberty and Suspension in Locke's Essay.Matthew A. Leisinger - forthcoming - Locke Studies.
    I argue for two controversial claims about Locke’s account of liberty in Essay 2.21. The first claim is that Locke does not identify liberty with freedom of action. Instead, Locke places further conditions on liberty beyond to the power to perform or forbear an action at will. The second (and closely related) claim is that Locke takes the power to suspend and examine desire to be necessary for liberty—in other words, that possession of the power to suspend and examine desire (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  85. 2022-05-18
    Observaciones preliminares sobre la función de la imaginación en la filosofía ética Kantiana.María Carolina Álvarez Puerta - 2008 - Episteme NS: Revista Del Instituto de Filosofía de la Universidad Central de Venezuela 28 (2):119-128.
    En el presente trabajo se pretende reconstruir la noción de imaginación expuesta por Kant en la "Crítica de la razón pura", en su primera edición, y en la "Crítica del juicio" con el fin de poder dilucidar un posible papel de este concepto en el marco de la ética kantiana. -/- .
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  86. 2022-05-18
    Intuition and Ecthesis: The Exegesis of Jaakko Hintikka on Mathematical Knowledge in Kant's Doctrine.María Carolina Álvarez Puerta - 2017 - Apuntes Filosóficos 26 (50):32-55.
    Hintikka considers that the “Transcendental Deduction” includes finding the role that concepts in the effort is meant by human activities of acquiring knowledge; and it affirms that the principles governing human activities of knowledge can be objective rules that can become transcendental conditions of experience and no conditions contingent product of nature of human agents involved in the know. In his opinion, intuition as it is used by Kant not be understood in the traditional way, ie as producer of mental (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  87. 2022-05-18
    ¿Dónde Queda El Álgebra En Crítica de la Razón Pura? El Álgebra y Su Relación Con Las Construcciones Simbólicas En la Interpretación de Lisa Shabel.Maria Carolina Álvarez Puerta - 2019 - Apuntes Filosóficos 28 (55):9-20.
    The purpose of this article is to present Lisa Shabel's interpretive proposal that relates algebra to symbolic constructions. This briefly covers the problem of the status of algebra and how some of the interpretations given relate it to the numerical calculation. Subsequently, by the hand of Shabel and with an eye on the mathematical practice of Cristian Wolff, the ways of proceeding algebraically in the eighteenth century will be identified and then analyze the two meanings of the term “magnitude”. Finally, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  88. 2022-05-18
    Rehabilitating Blame.Samuel Reis-Dennis - 2021 - In Fritz Allhoff & Sandra Bordan (eds.), Ethics and Error in Medicine. New York, NY, USA: pp. 55-68.
    This chapter argues that adequately facing and responding to medical error requires making space for blame. In vindicating blame as a response to medical error, this essay does not advocate a return to a “bad apple” blame culture in which unlucky practitioners are unfairly scapegoated. It does, however, defend the targeted feeling and expression of angry, and even resentful, blaming attitudes toward health-care providers who make at least certain kinds of mistakes. The chapter makes the case that the angry and (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  89. 2022-05-18
    Understanding Autonomy: An Urgent Intervention.Samuel Reis-Dennis - 2020 - Journal of Law and the Biosciences 1 (7).
    In this paper, I argue that the principle of respect for autonomy can serve as the basis for laws that significantly limit conduct, including orders mandating isolation and quarantine. This thesis is fundamentally at odds with an overwhelming consensus in contemporary bioethics that the principle of respect for autonomy, while important in everyday clinical encounters, must be 'curtailed', 'constrained', or 'overridden' by other principles in times of crisis. I contend that bioethicists have embraced an indefensibly 'thin' notion of autonomy that (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  90. 2022-05-18
    Are Conscientious Objectors Morally Obligated to Refer?Samuel Reis-Dennis & Abram Brummett - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    In this paper, we argue that providers who conscientiously refuse to provide legal and professionally accepted medical care are not always morally required to refer their patients to willing providers. Indeed, we will argue that refusing to refer is morally admirable in certain instances. In making the case, we show that belief in a sweeping moral duty to refer depends on an implicit assumption that the procedures sanctioned by legal and professional norms are ethically permissible. Focusing on examples of female (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  91. 2022-05-18
    My Reasons for Hope.Lorna Green - manuscript
    Consciousness has appeared as a term and a problem in modern science. Most scientists believe that it can be accommodated and explained by existing scientific principles. But I say it cannot, that it points beyond present day science to a whole new view of the Universe, in which Consciousness, and not matter, or matter/energy, is the true basis of the Universe. Consciousness is for modern science exactly what Light was for classical physics, all of our concepts for Reality must change. (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  92. 2022-05-18
    This Supreme Moment of Historical Grace.Lorna Green - manuscript
    Consciousness has appeared as a term and a problem in modern science. Most scientists believe that it can be accommodated and explained by existing scientific principles. But I say it cannot, that it points beyond present day science to a whole new view of the Universe, in which Consciousness, and not matter, or matter/energy, is the true basis of the Universe. Consciousness is for modern science exactly what Light was for classical physics, all of our concepts for Reality must change. (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  93. 2022-05-18
    Quine's Challenge and Logical Pluralism.Antonio Negro - 2010 - Dissertation,
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  94. 2022-05-18
    المعطيات في البحوث الاجتماعية بين صعوبة التطبيق وفعالية النتائج.سميرة بدواي, موسى اسماعيل شماخي & عبد القادر محي الدين الجيل - 2020 - مجلة مؤشر للدراسات الاستطلاعية 1 (1):34-48.
    من أصعب المراحل التي تعرقل أي باحث أثناء قيامه بدراسة ما خاصة في حقل العلوم الاجتماعية هي طبيعة الأدوات والوسائل والتقنيات التي يستعين بها أثناء النزول إلى الميدان من أجل جمع المعطيات الخاصة بالدراسة وتكمن هذه الصعوبة في اختيار التقنية الأنسب والتي تخدم الباحث وتساعده على على التواصل مع أكبر عدد من المبحوثين والوصول إلى عينة ممثلة لمجتمع الدراسة، إلا أن هذا لا يتأتى إلا إذا كان الباحث على قدر كبير من الخبرة العلمية والتمرس في استخدام أي تقنية من تقنيات (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  95. 2022-05-18
    Brentano’s Four Phases and the Rise of Scientific Philosophy in the Light of His Relation to His Students.Wolfgang Andreas Huemer - forthcoming - In Brentano and the Positive Philosophy of Comte and Mill. Berlin: de Gruyter. pp. 401-14.
    Brentano’s position in the history of philosophy is often illustrated by the long list of important philosophers who have studied with him. Yet, the relations between Brentano and his students were not always without friction. In the present article I argue that Brentano’s students were most attracted by his conception of a scientific philosophy, which promised to leave the received tradition (German Idealism) behind and to mark the beginning of a new period in the history of philosophy – a project (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  96. 2022-05-18
    The Ghost in the Machine has an American Accent: Value Conflict in GPT-3.Rebecca Johnson, Giada Pistilli, Natalia Menedez-Gonzalez, Leslye Denisse Dias Duran, Enrico Panai, Julija Kalpokiene & Donald Jay Bertulfo - manuscript
    The alignment problem in the context of large language models must consider the plurality of human values in our world. Whilst there are many resonant and overlapping values amongst the world’s cultures, there are also many conflicting, yet equally valid, values. It is important to observe which cultural values a model exhibits, particularly when there is a value conflict between input prompts and generated outputs. We discuss how the co- creation of language and cultural value impacts large language models (LLMs). (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  97. 2022-05-18
    La logique algorithmique confrontée à l'organisation de l'administration publique française.Giada Pistilli - 2021 - Giornale di Filosofia 2 (2):163-169.
    Cet article montre comment la logique algorithmique d’un agent conversationnel peut aider l’organisation des connaissances au sein d’une organisation de l’administration publique française, notamment une collectivité territoriale. Par le bias d’une recherche sur le terrain, je cherche à montrer comment il existe deux différentes adoptions de la technologie de la part de l’administration publique : une complexifiante et une simplifiante.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  98. 2022-05-18
    What Lies Behind AGI: Ethical Concerns Related to LLMs.Giada Pistilli - 2022 - Éthique Et Numérique 1 (1):59-68.
    This paper opens the philosophical debate around the notion of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) and its application in Large Language Models (LLMs). Through the lens of moral philosophy, the paper raises questions about these AI systems' capabilities and goals, the treatment of humans behind them, and the risk of perpetuating a monoculture through language.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  99. 2022-05-18
    Nozick’s “Secret” Macro-Micro Objection to Rawls.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    In a section of his book Anarchy, State, and Utopia entitled “Macro and Micro,” Nozick makes objections of a certain kind to Rawls. In this paper, I draw attention to a macro and micro objection that scattered material in that book entails.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  100. 2022-05-18
    People with Common Priors Can Agree to Disagree.Harvey Lederman - 2015 - Review of Symbolic Logic 8 (1):11-45.
    Robert Aumann presents his Agreement Theorem as the key conditional: “if two people have the same priors and their posteriors for an event A are common knowledge, then these posteriors are equal” (Aumann, 1976, p. 1236). This paper focuses on four assumptions which are used in Aumann’s proof but are not explicit in the key conditional: (1) that agents commonly know, of some prior μ, that it is the common prior; (2) that agents commonly know that each of them updates (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations