Welcome to PhilArchive!

PhilArchive is the largest open access e-print archive in philosophy. Formerly known as the PhilPapers Archive, it is built on and integrated with the PhilPapers database. Access to items on PhilArchive is free without a user account. PhilArchive is a non-profit project supported by the PhilPapers Foundation.

PhilArchive consists entirely of articles submitted by users. You can contribute by submitting your work.

There are currently 43,759 works in the archive. These works fall under 5,442 topics.

CDP PhilArchive is developed and operated by the Centre for Digital Philosophy at Western University.

PhilArchive's content over time
  1. 2019-11-13
    What May We Hope For? Education in Times of Climate Change.Ingerid S. Straume - forthcoming - Constellations.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. 2019-11-13
    Whence the Demand for Ethical Theory?Matthieu Queloz & Damian Cueni - forthcoming - American Philosophical Quarterly.
    Where does the impetus towards ethical theory come from? What drives humans to make values explicit, consistent, and discursively justifiable? This paper situates the demand for ethical theory in human life by identifying the practical needs that give rise to it. Such a practical derivation puts the demand in its place: while finding a place for it in the public decision-making of modern societies, it also imposes limitations on the demand by presenting it as scalable and context-sensitive. This differentiates strong (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. 2019-11-13
    Legal Epistemology.Georgi Gardiner - 2019 - Oxford Bibliographies Online.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. 2019-11-12
    Plato on Pleasures Mixed with Pains: An Asymmetrical Account.Mehmet M. Erginel - 2019 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 56 (Summer 2019):73-122.
    In this paper I aim to show that the restoration model of pleasure as we find it in Plato’s Gorgias, Republic, Timaeus, and Philebus contain a common psychological core, despite the substantial developments and greater sophistication in the later works. I argue that, contrary to the scholarly consensus, all four dialogues take the necessary condition for pain to be a state of imbalance or disharmony rather than a process of destruction or deterioration. Given that the necessary condition for pleasure is (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. 2019-11-12
    Why the World Needs Negative Political Theology.David Newheiser - forthcoming - Modern Theology.
    Some theorists argue that religion relates to politics in one of two ways: either it asserts its authority over the public sphere or it withdraws from the world in preference for spiritual concerns. In response, this special issue offers an expanded vision of what political theology can contribute to public reflection. Against those who appropriate divine authority in support of a given regime, Jewish and Christian negative theology argues that God is radically elusive. Where resistance movements sometimes struggle to transition (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. 2019-11-12
    Utopia and the Public Sphere.Timothy Stanley - 2015 - In Religion after Secularization in Australia. Palgrave MacMillan.
    Although the question of religion did not feature prominently in Jürgen Habermas’s early political theory, his more recent work has continuously addressed the topic. This later interest in religion is grounded in what one commentator in a volume on The Power of Religion in the Public Sphere, cited as the urgent need to integrate religious voices in the workings of public reason in order to avoid social disharmony and to thwart potential violence. However, the following paper argues that the hermeneutic (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. 2019-11-12
    "Fake News" and Conceptual Ethics.Etienne Brown - 2019 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 16 (2).
    In a recent contribution to conceptual ethics, Joshua Habgood-Coote argues that philosophers should refrain from using the term “fake news,” which is commonly employed in public discussions focusing on the epistemic health of democracies. In this short discussion note, I take issue with this claim, discussing each of the three arguments advanced by Coote to support the conclusion that we should abandon this concept. First, I contend that although “fake news” is a contested concept, there is significant agreement among contemporary (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. 2019-11-12
    "Concluding Remarks" - Ch 6 of Seemings and Justification (Forthcoming).Luca Moretti - manuscript
    In this chapter I draw the conclusions of my investigation into phenomenal conservatism. I argue that phenomenal conservatism isn’t actually plagued by serious problems attributed to it by its opponents, but that it neither possesses all the epistemic merits that its advocates think it has. I suggest that phenomenal conservatism could provide a more satisfactory account of everyday epistemic practices and a more robust response to the sceptic if it were integrated with a theory of inferential justification. I also identify (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. 2019-11-12
    Promising to Try.Jason D’Cruz & Justin Kalef - 2015 - Ethics 125 (3):797-806.
    We maintain that in many contexts promising to try is expressive of responsibility as a promiser. This morally significant application of promising to try speaks in favor of the view that responsible promisers favor evidentialism about promises. Contra Berislav Marušić, we contend that responsible promisers typically withdraw from promising to act and instead promise to try, in circumstances in which they recognize that there is a significant chance that they will not succeed.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  10. 2019-11-12
    Evil Does Not Show That There is No God.Richard Swinburne - 2000 - In Brian Davies (ed.), Philosophy of Religion: A Guide and Anthology. Oxford University Press. pp. 599--613.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. 2019-11-12
    Hume's Negative Argument Concerning Induction.Stefanie Rocknak - 2011 - In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Where does the necessity that seems to accompany causal inferences come from? “Why [do] we conclude that … particular causes must necessarily have such particular effects?” In 1.3.6 of the Treatise, Hume entertains the possibility that this necessity is a function of reason. However, he eventually dismisses this possibility, where this dismissal consists of Hume’s “negative” argument concerning induction. This argument has received, and continues to receive, a tremendous amount of attention. How could causal inferences be justified if they are (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. 2019-11-12
    Ranking Theory.Gabriele Kern-Isberner, Niels Skovgaard-Olsen & Wolfgang Spohn - forthcoming - MIT Press.
    Ranking theory is one of the salient formal representations of doxastic states. It differs from others in being able to represent belief in a proposition (= taking it to be true), to also represent degrees of belief (i.e. beliefs as more or less firm), and thus to generally account for the dynamics of these beliefs. It does so on the basis of fundamental and compelling rationality postulates and is hence one way of explicating the rational structure of doxastic states. Thereby (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. 2019-11-12
    Intentionality, Value Disclosure and Constitution: Stein´s Model.Ingrid Vendrell Ferran - 2018 - In Elisa Magrì & Dermot Moran (eds.), Empathy, Sociality and Personhood. Essays on Edith Stein´s Phenomenological Investigations.
    This article provides an analysis of the phenomenology of affectivity underlying the work of Edith Stein. Taking as point of departure two of her works, The problem of Empathy (1917) and Philosophy of Psychology and the Humanities (1922), the paper focuses on the idea that emotions fulfil a cognitive function: they make us accessible the realm of values. The argument of the paper is developed in two sections. The first section offers an overview of Stein’s main theses about emotions, feelings, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. 2019-11-12
    From Biological Functions to Natural Goodness.Parisa Moosavi - forthcoming - Philosophers' Imprint.
    Neo-Aristotelian ethical naturalism aims to place moral virtue in the natural world by showing that moral goodness is an instance of natural goodness—a kind of goodness supposedly also found in the biological realm of plants and non-human animals. One of the central issues facing neo-Aristotelian naturalists concerns their commitment to a kind of function ascription based on the concept of the flourishing of an organism that seems to have no place in modern biology. In this paper, I offer a novel (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. 2019-11-12
    Forms of Structuralism: Bourbaki and the Philosophers.Jean-Pierre Marquis - forthcoming - In Alberto Peruzzi & Silvano Zipoli Caiani (eds.), Structures Mères - Semantics, Mathematics, and Cognitive Sciences. New York, NY, USA:
    In this paper, we argue that, contrary to the view held by most philosophers of mathematics, Bourbaki’s technical conception of mathematical structuralism is relevant to philosophy of mathematics. In fact, we believe that Bourbaki has captured the core of any mathematical structuralism.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. 2019-11-11
    Animals as Stakeholders.Joshua Smart - forthcoming - In Natalie Thomas (ed.), Animals and Business Ethics. Springer.
    Animals have moral status, and we have corresponding obligations to take their interests into account. I argue that Stakeholder Theory provides a moderate, yet principled way for businesses to do so. Animals ought to be treated as stakeholders given that they affect and are affected by the achievement of the objectives of the businesses in which they are involved. Stakeholder Theory therefore requires taking those interests into account. It does not, however, require that they be given the same weight as (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. 2019-11-11
    Integrative Pluralism for Biological Function.Beckett Sterner & Samuel Cusimano - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (6):1-21.
    We introduce a new type of pluralism about biological function that, in contrast to existing, demonstrates a practical integration among the term’s different meanings. In particular, we show how to generalize Sandra Mitchell’s notion of integrative pluralism to circumstances where multiple epistemic tools of the same type are jointly necessary to solve scientific problems. We argue that the multiple definitions of biological function operate jointly in this way based on how biologists explain the evolution of protein function. To clarify how (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. 2019-11-11
    Plurality and the Potential for Agreement: Arendt, Kant, and the “Way of Thinking” of the World Citizen.Nicholas Dunn - forthcoming - Constellations.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. 2019-11-11
    Improving the Justice‐Based Argument for Conducting Human Gene Editing Research to Cure Sickle Cell Disease.Berman Chan - forthcoming - Bioethics.
    In a recent article, Marilyn Baffoe-Bonnie offers three arguments that conducting CRISPR/Cas9 biotechnology research to cure sickle-cell disease (SCD) would help address historical and current injustices in SCD research and care. I will grant that the first argument is sound, but show that the second and third arguments suffer from roughly the same defect, which is that they really argue for something else rather than for conducting CRISPR/Cas9 research to cure SCD. I conclude that a better justice-based argument will use (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. 2019-11-11
    A New Educational Paradigm for Evolving Development.Augustin Buendia & Carolina Morales - 2003 - World Futures 59 (8):561 – 568.
    Despite considerable attention to the need for systemic education for a new society, it is surprising to note how little research has actually been conducted in this area with transdisciplinary approach. Besides, there are many papers about new educational approaches but they are focused on a specific level, for example on higher education. Very little has been done in terms of a systemic and comprehensive approach capable of guiding human development from preschool to postgraduates studies-and beyond. This paper has two (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. 2019-11-11
    W. E. B. Du Bois’s “Conservation of Races:” A Metaphilosophical Text.Kimberly Ann Harris - 2019 - Metaphilosophy 50 (5):670-687.
    Nothing was more important for W. E. B. Du Bois than to promote the upward mobility of African Americans. This essay revisits his “The Conversation of Races” to demonstrate its general philosophical importance. Ultimately, Du Bois’s three motivations for giving the address reveal his view of the nature of philosophical inquiry: to critique earlier phenotypic conceptions of race, to show the essentiality of history, and to promote a reflexive practice. Commentators have been unduly invested in the hermeneutic readings and as (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. 2019-11-11
    Hegel’s Pluralism as a Comedy of Action.Christopher Yeomans - 2019 - Hegel Bulletin 40 (3):357-373.
    Our reception of Hegel’s theory of action faces a fundamental difficulty: on the one hand, that theory is quite clearly embedded in a social theory of modern life, but on the other hand most of the features of the society that gave that embedding its specific content have become almost inscrutably strange to us (e.g., the estates and the monarchy). Thus we find ourselves in the awkward position of stressing the theory’s sociality even as we scramble backwards to distance ourselves (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. 2019-11-11
    Understanding “What Could Be”: A Call for ‘Experimental Behavioral Genetics’.S. Alexandra Burt, Kathryn Plaisance & David Z. Hambrick - 2019 - Behavior Genetics 2 (49):235-243.
    Behavioral genetic (BG) research has yielded many important discoveries about the origins of human behavior, but offers little insight into how we might improve outcomes. We posit that this gap in our knowledge base stems in part from the epidemiologic nature of BG research questions. Namely, BG studies focus on understanding etiology as it currently exists, rather than etiology in environments that could exist but do not as of yet (e.g., etiology following an intervention). Put another way, they focus exclusively (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. 2019-11-11
    Interdisciplinarity and Insularity in the Diffusion of Knowledge: An Analysis of Disciplinary Boundaries Between Philosophy of Science and the Sciences.John McLevey, Alexander V. Graham, Reid McIlroy-Young, Pierson Browne & Kathryn Plaisance - 2018 - Scientometrics 1 (117):331-349.
    Two fundamentally different perspectives on knowledge diffusion dominate debates about academic disciplines. On the one hand, critics of disciplinary research and education have argued that disciplines are isolated silos, within which specialists pursue inward-looking and increasingly narrow research agendas. On the other hand, critics of the silo argument have demonstrated that researchers constantly import and export ideas across disciplinary boundaries. These perspectives have different implications for how knowledge diffuses, how intellectuals gain and lose status within their disciplines, and how intellectual (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. 2019-11-11
    Supporting Human Autonomy in AI Systems.Rafael Calvo, Dorian Peters, Karina Vold & Richard M. Ryan - forthcoming - In Christopher Burr & Luciano Floridi (eds.), Ethics of Digital Well-being: A Multidisciplinary Approach.
    Autonomy has been central to moral and political philosophy for millenia, and has been positioned as a critical aspect of both justice and wellbeing. Research in psychology supports this position, providing empirical evidence that autonomy is critical to motivation, personal growth and psychological wellness. Responsible AI will require an understanding of, and ability to effectively design for, human autonomy (rather than just machine autonomy) if it is to genuinely benefit humanity. Yet the effects on human autonomy of digital experiences are (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. 2019-11-11
    An Ontic Account of Explanatory Reduction in Biology.Marie I. Kaiser - 2012 - Köln: Kölner Hochschulschriften.
    Convincing disputes about explanatory reductionism in the philosophy of biology require a clear and precise understanding of what a reductive explanation in biology is. The central aim of this book is to provide such an account by revealing the features that determine the reductive character of a biological explanation. Chapters I-IV provide the ground, on which I can then, in Chapter V, develop my own account of explanatory reduction in biology: Chapter I reveals the meta-philosophical assumptions that underlie my analysis (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27. 2019-11-11
    A Dynamical Systems Approach to Causation.Peter Fazekas, Balázs Gyenis, Gábor Hofer-Szabó & Gergely Kertész - forthcoming - Synthese:1-23.
    Our approach aims at accounting for causal claims in terms of how the physical states of the underlying dynamical system evolve with time. Causal claims assert connections between two sets of physicals states—their truth depends on whether the two sets in question are genuinely connected by time evolution such that physical states from one set evolve with time into the states of the other set. We demonstrate the virtues of our approach by showing how it is able to account for (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. 2019-11-11
    Research on Broudy's Theory of the Uses of Schooling.John G. Schmitz - 1992 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 26 (4):79.
    Harry S. Broudy has studied the utility of general education through the development and testing of his Newspaper Test of the Uses of Schooling (NPT). The results of research with a new version of the NPT are reported in this essay and some options for future research are presented. The results of the study indicate that continued development and testing of the NPT will prove important. Promising new versions of the test are suggested for future research to pursue, including a (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. 2019-11-10
    What Are Collections and Divisions Good For? A Reconsideration of Plato’s Phaedrus.Jens Kristian Larsen - forthcoming - Ancient Philosophy.
    In the second half of the Phaedrus, while Socrates and Phaedrus are discussing how one should speak and write nobly or beautifully, Socrates makes the following statement: -/- Now I am myself, Phaedrus, a lover of these divisions and collections, so that I may be able both to speak and think; and if I think anyone else has the capacity to look to one and to multiplicity as they are in nature, I pursue him ‘in his footsteps, behind him, as (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. 2019-11-10
    "That's Just So-and-So Being So-and-So": On Some Possible Meanings, Functions, and Moral Implications of an Explanation.Rob Lovering - 2019 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 25 (1):61-73.
    When it comes to explaining someone’s puzzling, objectionable, or otherwise problematic behavior, one type of explanation occasionally employed in the service of doing so is as follows: “That’s just so-and-so being so-and-so.” But what, exactly, do explanations of the type “That’s just so-and-so being so-and-so” mean? More specifically, in what way, if any, is it meaningful or informative to say such things? And what is the precise function of such explanations of someone’s behavior? Is it merely to present what one (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. 2019-11-10
    Direct Democracy, Social Ecology and Public Time.Alexandros Schismenos - 2019 - In Federico Venturini, Inés Morales & Emet Değirmenci (eds.), Social Ecology and the Right to the City. Montreal: Black Rose Books. pp. 128 - 141.
    My main point is that the creation of a free public time implies the creation of a democratic collective inspired by the project of social ecology. The first and second parts of this article focus on the modern social phenomena correlated to the general crisis and the emergence of the Internet Age (Castells, 2012). The third and fourth parts focus on new significations that seem to inspire modern social movements and the challenges that modern democratic ecological collectivities face. I use (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. 2019-11-10
    Long-Term Trajectories of Human Civilization.Seth D. Baum, Stuart Armstrong, Timoteus Ekenstedt, Olle Häggström, Robin Hanson, Karin Kuhlemann, Matthijs M. Maas, James D. Miller, Markus Salmela, Anders Sandberg, Kaj Sotala, Phil Torres, Alexey Turchin & Roman V. Yampolskiy - 2019 - Foresight 21 (1):53-83.
    Purpose This paper aims to formalize long-term trajectories of human civilization as a scientific and ethical field of study. The long-term trajectory of human civilization can be defined as the path that human civilization takes during the entire future time period in which human civilization could continue to exist. -/- Design/methodology/approach This paper focuses on four types of trajectories: status quo trajectories, in which human civilization persists in a state broadly similar to its current state into the distant future; catastrophe (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. 2019-11-10
    In Defense of Animal Universalism.Blake Hereth, Shawn Graves & Tyler John - 2017 - In T. Ryan Byerly & Eric Silverman (eds.), Paradise Understood: New Philosophical Essays about Heaven. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 161-192.
    This paper defends “Animal Universalism,” the thesis that all sentient non-human animals will be brought into Heaven and remain there for eternity. It assumes that God exists and is all-powerful, perfectly loving, and perfectly just. From these background theses, the authors argue that Animal Universalism follows. If God is perfectly loving, then God is concerned about the well-being of non-human animals, and God chooses to maximize the well-being of each individual animal when doing so does not harm other individual creatures (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34. 2019-11-09
    Friendship and Aristotle's Defense of Psychological Eudaimonism.Guy Schuh - forthcoming - Review of Metaphysics.
    Aristotle holds that the ultimate goal of our action is our own happiness (“psychological eudaimonism”). Though this position is controversial, it’s widely thought that he never attempts to defend it. I argue, to the contrary, that he does. I begin by pointing out that in Nicomachean Ethics 9.8 Aristotle raises an endoxic challenge to psychological eudaimonism—namely, that virtuous people act selflessly, especially in relation to their friends—and that he responds to this challenge by declaring that the (observable) “facts” disagree with (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. 2019-11-09
    The Book That Touched Millions: The Immortal Fly.Rituparna Ray Chaudhuri (ed.) - 2019 - Bloomington,USA: Partridge International In Association with Penguin Random House.
    ‘’ The Daughter writes, “I had asked Ma many times, but her ‘impenetrable personality’ and dynamic words to everyone with a tinge of smile as reflected on her face, she was reluctant to continue her conversation with me. I had thought, hence, I must not be indefinite on my spoken words. Who shall I blame!” Based on true story of a family came from South Calcutta (India) to a suburb, on staying at home of the Daughter’s maternal grandmother’s house, this (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. 2019-11-09
    'Ramseyfying' Probabilistic Comparativism.Edward J. R. Elliott - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Comparativism is the view that comparative confidences (e.g., being more confident that P than that Q) are more fundamental than degrees of belief (e.g., believing that P with some strength x). In this paper, I outline the basis for a new, non-probabilistic version of comparativism inspired by a suggestion made by Frank Ramsey in `Probability and Partial Belief'. I show how, and to what extent, `Ramseyan comparativism' might be used to weaken the (unrealistically strong) probabilistic coherence conditions that comparativism traditionally (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. 2019-11-09
    Policy Externalism.Daniel Drucker - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 98 (2):261-285.
    I develop and argue for a kind of externalism about certain kinds of non-doxastic attitudes that I call policy externalism. Policy externalism about a given type of attitude is the view that all the reasonable policies for having attitudes of that type will not involve the agent's beliefs that some relevant conditions obtain. My defense primarily involves attitudes like hatred, regret, and admiration, and has two parts: a direct deductive argument and an indirect linguistic argument, an inference to the best (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. 2019-11-09
    Honesty, Humility, Courage, & Strength: Later Wittgenstein on the Difficulties of Philosophy and the Philosophical Virtues.Gabriel Citron - 2019 - Philosophers' Imprint 19 (25).
    What qualities do we need in order to be good philosophers? Wittgenstein insists that virtues of character – such as honesty, humility, courage, and strength – are more important for our philosophizing than the relevant intellectual talents and skills. These virtues are essential because doing good philosophy demands both knowing and overcoming the deep-seated desires and inclinations which lead us astray in our thinking, and achieving such self-knowledge and self-overcoming demands all of these virtues working in concert. In this paper (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. 2019-11-09
    Epistemic Paternalism, Epistemic Permissivism, and Standpoint Epistemology.Elizabeth Jackson - 2020 - In Amiel Bernal & Guy Axtell (eds.), Epistemic Paternalism Reconsidered: Conceptions, Justifications, and Implications. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
    Epistemic paternalism is the practice of interfering with someone’s inquiry, without their consent, for their own epistemic good. In this chapter, I explore the relationship between epistemic paternalism and two other epistemological theses: epistemic permissivism and standpoint epistemology. I argue that examining this relationship is fruitful because it sheds light on a series of cases in which epistemic paternalism is unjustified and brings out notable similarities between epistemic permissivism and standpoint epistemology.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. 2019-11-09
    Pornography and Dehumanization: The Essentialist Dimension.Eleonore Neufeld - manuscript
    The objective of this paper is to show that pornography dehumanizes women through essentialization. First, I argue that certain acts of subject-essentialization are acts of subject-dehumanization. Second, I demonstrate, by reviewing evidence about the linguistic material we find in and around pornography, that pornography systematically deploys content that essentializes women in the ways identified as problematic. It follows that pornography dehumanizes women.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. 2019-11-09
    Aggregation for Potentially Infinite Populations Without Continuity or Completeness.David McCarthy, Kalle M. Mikkola & J. Teruji Thomas - 2019 - arXiv Preprint arXiv:1911.00872.
    We present an abstract social aggregation theorem. Society, and each individual, has a preorder that may be interpreted as expressing values or beliefs. The preorders are allowed to violate both completeness and continuity, and the population is allowed to be infinite. The preorders are only assumed to be represented by functions with values in partially ordered vector spaces, and whose product has convex range. This includes all preorders that satisfy strong independence. Any Pareto indifferent social preorder is then shown to (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. 2019-11-08
    Exploitative Epistemic Trust.Katherine Dormandy - 2020 - In Trust in Epistemology. New York City, New York, Vereinigte Staaten: pp. 241-264.
    Where there is trust, there is also vulnerability, and vulnerability can be exploited. Epistemic trust is no exception. This chapter maps the phenomenon of the exploitation of epistemic trust. I start with a discussion of how trust in general can be exploited; a key observation is that trust incurs vulnerabilities not just for the party doing the trusting, but also for the trustee (after all, trust can be burdensome), so either party can exploit the other. I apply these considerations to (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. 2019-11-08
    Public Reason Liberalism and the Certification of Scientific Claims.Jason Tyndal - 2019 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 11 (8):8-14.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. 2019-11-08
    Risks, Robots, and the Honorableness of the Military Profession.Peter Olsthoorn - 2019 - In Bernhard Koch (ed.), Chivalrous Combatants? The Meaning of Military Virtue Past and Present. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. pp. 161 - 178.
    1. Introduction 2. What honor is 3. Honor in the military 4. The use of robots and the honorableness of the military profession 5. Conclusion.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. 2019-11-08
    The Reasonable and the Relevant: Legal Standards of Proof.Georgi Gardiner - forthcoming - Philosophy and Public Affairs.
    According to a common conception of legal proof, satisfying a legal burden requires establishing a claim to a numerical threshold. Beyond reasonable doubt, for example, is often glossed as 90% or 95% likelihood given the evidence. Preponderance of evidence is interpreted as meaning at least 50% likelihood given the evidence. -/- In light of problems with the common conception, I propose a new ‘relevant alternatives’ framework for legal standards of proof. Relevant alternative accounts of knowledge state that a person knows (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. 2019-11-08
    An Adam Smithian Account of Moral Reasons.Nir Ben‐Moshe - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    The Humean Theory of Reasons, according to which all of our reasons for action are explained by our desires, has been criticized for not being able to account for “moral reasons,” namely, overriding reasons to act on moral demands regardless of one's desires. My aim in this paper is to utilize ideas from Adam Smith's moral philosophy in order to offer a novel and alternative account of moral reasons that is both desire-based and accommodating of an adequate version of the (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. 2019-11-08
    No Commitment to the Truth.Anna-Maria A. Eder - forthcoming - Synthese.
    On an evidentialist position, it is epistemically rational for us to believe propositions that are (stably) supported by our total evidence. We are epistemically permitted to believe such propositions or even ought to do so. Epistemic rationality is normative. One popular way to explain the normativity appeals to epistemic teleology. The primary aim of this paper is to argue that appeals to epistemic teleology do not support that we ought to believe what is rational to believe, only that we are (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. 2019-11-08
    Conversation with Lord Krishna.Varanasi Ramabrahmam - 2018 - New Delhi, India: Authorspress.
    This book is a fictionalized conversation in the form of dialogue between a devotee and Lord Krishna. Many current issues are analytically and critically discussed and debated providing an enlightening spirit and liberal attitude.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. 2019-11-08
    Consciousness, Ideas of Ideas and Animation in Spinoza’s Ethics.Oberto Marrama - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (3):506-525.
    In the following article, I aim to elucidate the meaning and scope of Spinoza’s vocabulary related to ‘consciousness’. I argue that Spinoza, at least in his Ethics, uses this notion consistently, although rarely. He introduces it to account for the knowledge we may have of the mind considered alone, as conceptually distinct from the body. This serves two purposes in Spinoza’s Ethics: to explain our illusion of a free will, on the one hand, and to refer to the knowledge we (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. 2019-11-08
    Consequentialism, Animal Ethics, and the Value of Valuing.Timothy Perrine - forthcoming - Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    Peter Singer argues, on consequentialist grounds, that individuals ought to be vegetarian. Many have pressed, in response, a causal impotence objection to Singer’s argument: any individual person’s refraining from purchasing and consuming animal products will not have an important effect on contemporary farming practices. In this paper, I sketch a Singer-inspired consequentialist argument for vegetarianism that avoids this objection. The basic idea is that, for agents who are aware of the origins of their food, continuing to consume animal products is (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  51. 2019-11-07
    Avoiding Infinite Regress: Posterior Analytics I 22.Breno Zuppolini - forthcoming - Manuscrito.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  52. 2019-11-07
    Teleology of the Practical in Aristotle: The Meaning of “Πρᾶξις”.Klaus Corcilius - forthcoming - Manuscrito.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  53. 2019-11-07
    Kath’ Hauta Predicates and the ‘Commensurate Universals’.Owen Goldin - forthcoming - Manuscrito.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  54. 2019-11-07
    Is Intuitive Teleological Reasoning Promiscuous?Johan De Smedt & Helen De Cruz - 2020 - In William Gibson, Dan O'brien & Marius Turda (eds.), Teleology and Modernity. Abingdon and New York: Routledge. pp. 185-202.
    Humans have a tendency to reason teleologically. This tendency is more pronounced under time pressure, in people with little formal schooling and in patients with Alzheimer’s. This has led some cognitive scientists of religion, notably Kelemen, to call intuitive teleological reasoning promiscuous, by which they mean teleology is applied to domains where it is unwarranted. We examine these claims using Kant’s idea of the transcendental illusion in the first Critique and his views on the regulative function of teleological reasoning in (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  55. 2019-11-07
    Making Peace with Moral Imperfection.Camil Golub - 2019 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 16 (2).
    How can we rationally make peace with our past moral failings, while committing to avoid similar mistakes in the future? Is it because we cannot do anything about the past, while the future is still open? Or is it that regret for our past mistakes is psychologically harmful, and we need to forgive ourselves in order to be able to move on? Or is it because moral mistakes enable our moral growth? I argue that these and other answers do not (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  56. 2019-11-07
    Explaining Injustice: Structural Analysis, Bias, and Individuals.Saray Ayala López & Erin Beeghly - forthcoming - In Erin Beeghly & Alex Madva (eds.), An Introduction to Implicit Bias: Knowledge, Justice, and the Social Mind. Routledge.
    Why does social injustice exist? What role, if any, do implicit biases play in the perpetuation of social inequalities? Individualistic approaches to these questions explain social injustice as the result of individuals’ preferences, beliefs, and choices. For example, they explain racial injustice as the result of individuals acting on racial stereotypes and prejudices. In contrast, structural approaches explain social injustice in terms of beyond-the-individual features, including laws, institutions, city layouts, and social norms. Often these two approaches are seen as competitors. (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  57. 2019-11-07
    Reliability of a New Measure to Assess Screen Time in Adults.Maricarmen Vizcaino, Matthew Buman, C. Tyler DesRoches & Christopher Wharton - 2019 - BMC Public Health 19 (19):1-8.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  58. 2019-11-07
    Dead Letters.Russell Ford - 2013 - LIT: Literature Interpretation Theory 24 (4):299-317.
    This essay considers Richard Calder’s Dead trilogy as an important contribution to the argument concerning how pornography’s pernicious effects might be mitigated or disrupted. Paying close attention to the way that Calder uses the rhetoric of fiction to challenge pornographic stereotypes that have achieved hegemonic status, the essay argues that Calder’s trilogy provides an important link between debates about pornography and contemporary philosophical discussions of alterity and community. Finally, it argues that, for Calder, sexuality is implicitly predicated on a reconceptualization (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  59. 2019-11-07
    The Philosophical Genie: A Dialogue Introduction to Philosophy.J. C. Lester - 2017 - In Two Dialogues: Introductions to Philosophy and Libertarianism. Buckingham MK18, UK: pp. 1-45.
    Why learn about philosophy? Because it is the master subject; more fundamental than all of the others: it critically examines their fundamental assumptions and presuppositions. And without some grasp of philosophy one cannot be fully educated or even intellectually autonomous: one is the meme-marionette of unexamined traditions, fashions, and commonsense assumptions.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  60. 2019-11-07
    Brain Activity and Cognition: A Connection From Thermodynamics and Information Theory.Guillem Collell & Jordi Fauquet - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    The connection between brain and mind is an important scientific and philosophical question that we are still far from completely understanding. A crucial point to our work is noticing that thermodynamics provides a convenient framework to model brain activity, whereas cognition can be modeled in information-theoretical terms. In fact, several models have been proposed so far from both approaches. A second critical remark is the existence of deep theoretical connections between thermodynamics and information theory. In fact, some well-known authors claim (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  61. 2019-11-07
    Sub-Intentional Actions and the Over-Mentalization of Agency.Helen Steward - 2009 - In Constantine Sandis (ed.), New Essays on the Explanation of Action. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This paper argues, by attention to the category of sub-intentional agency, that many conceptions of the nature of agency are 'over-mentalised', in that they insist that an action proper must be produced by something like an intention or a reason or a desire. Sub-intentional actions provide counterexamples to such conceptions. Instead, it is argued, we should turn to the concept of a two-way power in order to home in on the essential characteristics of actions.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  62. 2019-11-07
    The Dominating Effects of Economic Crises.Alexander Bryan - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-25.
    This article argues that economic crises are incompatible with the realisation of non-domination in capitalist societies. The ineradicable risk that an economic crisis will occur undermines the robust security of the conditions of non-domination for all citizens, not only those who are harmed by a crisis. I begin by demonstrating that the unemployment caused by economic crises violates the egalitarian dimensions of freedom as non-domination. The lack of employment constitutes an exclusion from the social bases of self-respect, and from a (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  63. 2019-11-07
    Du Bois, Foucault, and Self-Torsion: Criterion of Imprisoned Art.Joshua M. Hall - 2014 - In Joshua M. Hall & Sarah Tyson (eds.), Philosophy Imprisoned: The Love of Wisdom in the Age of Mass Incarceration. Lanham, MD 20706, USA: pp. 105-124.
    [First paragraphs: This essay takes its practical orientation from my experiences as a member of a philosophy reading group on death row at Riverbend Maximum Security Penitentiary in Nashville, Tennessee. Its theoretical orientation comes from W. E. B. Du Bois’ lecture-turned-essay, “Criteria of Negro Art,” which argues that the realm of aesthetics is vitally important in the war against racial discrimination in the United States. And since, according to Michele Alexander’s critically-acclaimed The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  64. 2019-11-07
    Hollenbach; The Common Good and Christian Ethics.P. Sedgwick - 2003 - Studies in Christian Ethics 16 (2):104-106.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  65. 2019-11-06
    AI Can Help Us Live More Deliberately.Julian Friedland - 2019 - MIT Sloan Management Review 60 (4).
    Our rapidly increasing reliance on frictionless AI interactions may increase cognitive and emotional distance, thereby letting our adaptive resilience slacken and our ethical virtues atrophy from disuse. Many trends already well underway involve the offloading of cognitive, emotional, and ethical labor to AI software in myriad social, civil, personal, and professional contexts. Gradually, we may lose the inclination and capacity to engage in critically reflective thought, making us more cognitively and emotionally vulnerable and thus more anxious and prone to manipulation (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  66. 2019-11-06
    The Egalitarian Fallacy: Are Group Differences Compatible with Political Liberalism?Jonathan Anomaly & Bo Winegard - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-12.
    Many people greet evidence of biologically based race and sex differences with extreme skepticism, even hostility. We argue that some of the vehemence with which many intellectuals in the West resist claims about group differences is rooted in the tacit assumption that accepting evidence for group differences in socially valued traits would undermine our reasons to treat people with respect. We call this the egalitarian fallacy. We first explain the fallacy and then give evidence that self-described liberals in the United (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  67. 2019-11-06
    Grounding at a Distance.Sam Baron, Kristie Miller & Jonathan Tallant - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies.
    What distinguishes causation from grounding? One suggestion is that causation, but not grounding, occurs over time. Recently, however, counterexamples to this simple temporal criterion have been offered. In this paper, we situate the temporal criterion within a broader framework that focuses on two aspects: locational overlapping in space and time and the presence of intermediaries in space and time. We consider, and reject, the idea that the difference between grounding and causation is that grounding can occur without intermediaries. We go (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  68. 2019-11-06
    Critique and Rescue: Adorno’s Dialectical Diagnosis of Aristotle’s Metaphysics.Russell Ford - 2007 - In John Finamore & Robert Berchman (eds.), Metaphysical Patterns in Platonism. University Press of the South. pp. 209-224.
    The notes for Theodor Adorno’s courses in the 1960’s are important resources not only for an understanding of his magnum opus, Negative Dialectics, but also for developing critical responses to this problematic philosophical heir of idealism. Particularly noteworthy among the volumes that have appeared so far is from Adorno’s 1965 course on metaphysics where he engages in a sustained reading of Aristotle’s Metaphysics and explicitly connects it with the project of Negative Dialectics. Adorno’s chief concern is to demonstrate, by way (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  69. 2019-11-06
    The Allais Paradox: What It Became, What It Really Was, What It Now Suggests to Us.Philippe Mongin - 2019 - Economics and Philosophy 35 (3):423-459.
    Whereas many others have scrutinized the Allais paradox from a theoretical angle, we study the paradox from an historical perspective and link our findings to a suggestion as to how decision theory could make use of it today. We emphasize that Allais proposed the paradox as a normative argument, concerned with ‘the rational man’ and not the ‘real man’, to use his words. Moreover, and more subtly, we argue that Allais had an unusual sense of the normative, being concerned not (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  70. 2019-11-06
    Do the Virtues Make You Happy?Katharina Nieswandt & Ulf Hlobil - 2019 - Philosophical Inquiries 7 (2):181-202.
    We answer the title question with a qualified “No.” We arrive at this answer by spelling out what the proper place of the concept 'happiness' is in a neo-Aristotelian virtue ethics: (1) Happiness in the sense of personal well-being has only a loose relation to virtue; it doesn't deserve any prominent place in virtue ethics. (2) Happiness in the sense of flourishing is impossible without virtue, but that doesn't imply that individual actions should aim at flourishing. (3) Instead, flourishing sets (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  71. 2019-11-06
    Kant’s “Moral Proof”.Michael Baur - 2000 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 74:141-161.
    Kant's "moral proof" for the existence of God has been the subject of much criticism, even among his most sympathetic commentators. According to the critics, the primary problem is that the notion of the "highest good," on which the moral proof depends, introduces an element of contingency and heteronomy into Kant's otherwise strict, autonomy-based moral thinking. In this paper, I shall argue that Kant's moral proof is not only more defensible than commentators have typically acknowledged, but also has some very (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  72. 2019-11-06
    Group Knowledge, Questions, and the Division of Epistemic Labour.Joshua Habgood-Coote - forthcoming - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy.
    Discussions of group knowledge typically focus on whether a group’s knowledge that p reduces to group members’ knowledge that p. Drawing on the cumulative reading of collective knowledge ascriptions and considerations about the importance of the division of epistemic labour, I argue what I call the Fragmented Knowledge account, which allows for more complex relations between individual and collective knowledge. According to this account, a group can know an answer to a question in virtue of members of the group knowing (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  73. 2019-11-06
    Responding to Objections to Gatekeeping for Hormone Replacement Therapy.Toni C. Saad, Daniel Rodger & Bruce Philip Blackshaw - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2019-105813.
    Florence Ashley has responded to our response to ‘Gatekeeping hormone replacement therapy for transgender patients is dehumanising.’ Ashley criticises some of our objections to their view that patients seeking hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for gender dysphoria should not have to undergo a prior psychological assessment. Here we clarify our objections, most importantly that concerning the parity between cosmetic surgery and the sort of intervention Ashley has in mind. Firstly, we show Ashley’s criticism of our comparison is insubstantial. We then examine (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  74. 2019-11-06
    Speciesism, Prejudice, and Epistemic Peer Disagreement.Samuel Director - forthcoming - Journal of Value Inquiry.
    Peter Singer famously argues that speciesism, like racism and sexism, is based on a preju-dice. As Singer argues, since we reject racism and sexism, we must also reject speciesism. Since Singer articulated this line of reasoning, it has become a widespread argument against speciesism. Shelly Kagan has recently critiqued this argument, claiming that one can endorse speciesism with-out doing so on the basis of a prejudice. In this paper, I defend Kagan’s conclusion (that one can endorse speciesism without being prejudiced). (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  75. 2019-11-06
    How Will the Emerging Plurality of Lives Change How We Conceive of and Relate to Life?Erik Persson, Jessica Abbott, Christian Balkenius, Anna Cabak Redei, Klara Anna Čápová, Dainis Dravins, David Dunér, Markus Gunneflo, Maria Hedlund, Mats Johansson, Anders Melin & Petter Persson - 2019 - Challenges 10 (1).
    The project “A Plurality of Lives” was funded and hosted by the Pufendorf Institute for Advanced Studies at Lund University, Sweden. The aim of the project was to better understand how a second origin of life, either in the form of a discovery of extraterrestrial life, life developed in a laboratory, or machines equipped with abilities previously only ascribed to living beings, will change how we understand and relate to life. Because of the inherently interdisciplinary nature of the project aim, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  76. 2019-11-06
    Electronic Banking Services From the Point of View of Bank Customers in Palestine.Suliman A. El Talla, Mazen J. Al Shobaki & Samy S. Abu-Naser - 2019 - International Journal of Academic Accounting, Finance and Management Research (IJAAFMR) 3 (10):45-60.
    This study aims to identify the electronic banking services in Palestine from the point of view of the customers of the banks, where researchers used the descriptive analytical method, through a questionnaire distributed electronically to the sample of beneficiaries of the electronic banking services provided by banks operating in Palestine. The study reached a number of results, the most important of which are: There is a moderate degree of efficiency of electronic banking services provided in banks operating in Palestine from (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  77. 2019-11-06
    Max Plank’s Philosophy and Physics: An Introduction to The Philosophy of Physics.Michael Shaffer - forthcoming - In The Philosophy of Physics. Montreal: Minkowski Press. pp. 1-5.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  78. 2019-11-06
    "Can Faith Be Empirical?".Mark J. Boone - forthcoming - Science and Christian Belief.
    This article has been accepted for publication in Science and Christian Belief (Forthcoming), published by Paternoster Periodicals. The document available here is the pre-peer review version of the article. -/- It is sometimes said that religious belief and empiricism are different or even incompatible ways of believing. However, William James and notable twentieth-century philosophers representing Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and Christianity have argued that there is a high degree of compatibility between religious faith and empiricism. Their analyses suggest that there (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  1. 2019-11-13
    What May We Hope For? Education in Times of Climate Change.Ingerid S. Straume - forthcoming - Constellations.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. 2019-11-13
    Whence the Demand for Ethical Theory?Matthieu Queloz & Damian Cueni - forthcoming - American Philosophical Quarterly.
    Where does the impetus towards ethical theory come from? What drives humans to make values explicit, consistent, and discursively justifiable? This paper situates the demand for ethical theory in human life by identifying the practical needs that give rise to it. Such a practical derivation puts the demand in its place: while finding a place for it in the public decision-making of modern societies, it also imposes limitations on the demand by presenting it as scalable and context-sensitive. This differentiates strong (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. 2019-11-13
    Lima Tesis tentang Politik Pasca Kebenaran (FIve Theses on Post-Truth Politics).Zainul Maarif - 2019 - In Prosiding Simposium FIlsafat: Politik dan Anti Politik (ISSN: 2303-1301). Jakarta, Indonesia: Masyarakat Filsafat Indonesia. pp. 1-13.
    This paper describes five theses on the characteristics of post-truth politics: (1) post-truth politics are populist politics, (2) post-truth politics are nativist politics, (3) post-truth politics are zero-sum game politics, (4) post-truth politics is emotional politics that anti-rational-factual-scientific truth, and (5) post-truth politics is autocracy politics. After describing the six theses, this paper shows conclusions and reflections on post-truth politics.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. 2019-11-13
    ¿Yo soy una persona?David Villena Saldaña - 2010 - Analítica 4 (4):55-67.
    The persistence problem in relation to us is usually approached from a point of view that gives priority to psychological continuity. My goal in this paper is to advance an argument against it. In order to do so, I start defining the notion of identity and showing the problems that arise from the concept of diachronic identity. Psychological continuity as a criterion of identity for things like us emerges in this context. And, since the mental supervenes on the physical, those (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. 2019-11-13
    Preface & Complete 1st Chapter.Khuram Rafique - 2019 - In Philosophy Unscrambles Dark Matter.
    Preface thoroughly outlines the development and status of dark matter theory at the time of publishing this book. First chapter is like a combat between mathematical counterintuitive physics and human commonsense and explains that human commonsense equipped with proper philosophical approach is capable to deal with the problem of dark matter. Thus the first chapter makes a case for human commonsense and philosophical method.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. 2019-11-13
    Legal Epistemology.Georgi Gardiner - 2019 - Oxford Bibliographies Online.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. 2019-11-12
    Identity Display: Another Motive for Metalinguistic Disagreement.Alex Davies - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    It has become standard to conceive of metalinguistic disagreement as motivated by a form of negotiation, aimed at reaching consensus because of the practical consequences of using a word with one content rather than another. This paper presents an alternative motive for expressing and pursuing metalinguistic disagreement. In using words with given criteria, we betray our location amongst social categories or groups. Because of this, metalinguistic disagreement can be used as a stage upon which to perform a social identity. The (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. 2019-11-12
    Теоретичні основи формування суспільних проблем і господарський механізм їх вирішення шляхом управління розвитком людських ресурсів.Sergii Sardak & С. Е Сардак - 2011 - Проблеми Науки 4:20-27.
    Проблеми завжди будуть існувати у суспільному житті людства внаслідок індивідуальності ЛР і їх творчій потенції. При зустрічі із тією чи іншою проблемою ЛР по різному відносяться до її вирішення та реагують: не “помічають” проблему або її замовчують; визнаючи проблему нічого не роблять щодо її вирішення; змінюють суспільне відношення до проблеми; “тікають” від проблеми; долають проблему частково для усування дискомфорту; долають проблему повністю; не допускають появи проблеми шляхом застосовування ранньої діагностики та заходів запобігання; загострюють проблему для отримання гіпертрофірованого зиску в іншій (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. 2019-11-12
    Групування країн за якісними та кількісними показниками розвитку людських ресурсів, як вихідна основа глобальної економічної взаємодії.Sergii Sardak & С. Е Сардак - 2012 - Актуальні Проблеми Міжнародних Відносин 111 (2):101-111.
    У статті розглянуто аспекти схожості та відмінності країн. Запропоновано авторську типологію країн за чисельністю населення. Здійснено групування країн за якісними та кількісними показниками розвитку людських ресурсів.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. 2019-11-12
    Розвиток форм міжнародного руху людських ресурсів у глобальному суспільстві.Sergii Sardak & А. О. Самойленко С. Е. Сардак - 2012 - Економічний Простір 66:42-50.
    статті досліджено розвиток форм міжнародного руху людських ресурсів у глобальному суспільстві. При дослідженні було визначено доцільний напрям комплексного вивчення проблематики міжнародного руху людських ресурсів, що забезпечило виконання нагальних завдань: розгляд теоретичних основ міжнародного руху людських ресурсів; аналіз сучасного стану розгортання міграційних та туристичних процесів; знаходження нових форм розвитку міжнародного руху людських ресурсів.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. 2019-11-12
    Sobre ontología-trascendental.Alberto Luis López - 2003 - Suspiria 2 (2):8-12.
    En este escrito de ontología-trascendental reflexiono en términos heideggerianos sobre la voz ontológica, es decir, sobre el lenguaje interior que habla al oyente-escucha y que, desde ese decir ontológico, le revela lo que es. Dicha voz, al ser correctamente escuchada, dará paso a un auténtico apalabrar y decir, lo que develará una palabra-concepto ontológico transformador. Éste, al ser fruto de una auténtica ontología-trascendental, devendrá en un nuevo paradigma de la acción humana.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. 2019-11-12
    Глобальна координація розвитку людських ресурсів.Sergii Sardak & С. Е Сардак - 2012 - Економіка Та Держава 10:4-7.
    У статті визначено, що в умовах глобалізації управлінсько-регуляторний вплив на розвиток людських ресурсів має набути глобального координаційного характеру. Розроблено теоретичну модель нової глобальної економічної системи координації розвитку людських ресурсів у ХХІ ст., а також спрощену концептуальну схему переходу до її реалізації на засадах співробітництва.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. 2019-11-12
    Plato on Pleasures Mixed with Pains: An Asymmetrical Account.Mehmet M. Erginel - 2019 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 56 (Summer 2019):73-122.
    In this paper I aim to show that the restoration model of pleasure as we find it in Plato’s Gorgias, Republic, Timaeus, and Philebus contain a common psychological core, despite the substantial developments and greater sophistication in the later works. I argue that, contrary to the scholarly consensus, all four dialogues take the necessary condition for pain to be a state of imbalance or disharmony rather than a process of destruction or deterioration. Given that the necessary condition for pleasure is (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. 2019-11-12
    El papel de los milagros en la filosofía de George Berkeley.Alberto Luis López - 2016 - In Episodios filosóficos del platonismo: ecos y tensiones. Mexico City, CDMX, Mexico: pp. 333-354.
    La creencia de Berkeley en los milagros ha sido poco estudiada por los especialistas debido, quizá, a su connotación teológica; sin embargo, una vez que se estudia la cuestión resulta que tal creencia no es, como se podría pensar, sólo resultado de la fe, por el contrario, una lectura atenta muestra que la creencia en los milagros es compatible con la filosofia inmaterialista y, de hecho, es coherente con ella. Aunado a esto, la creencia en los milagros permite mostrar que (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. 2019-11-12
    Визначення результатів управління розвитком людських ресурсів.Sergii Sardak & С. Е Сардак - 2012 - Вісник Дніпропетровського Університету. – Серія : Світове Господарство І Міжнародні Економічні Відносини 4:193-200.
    Досліджено питання визначення результатів управління розвитком людських ресурсів. Розроблено рейтингові економіко-математичні моделі визначення глобального результату заходів управління розвитком людських ресурсів у суспільстві та стану управління розвитком людських ресурсів у соціально-економічній системі.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. 2019-11-12
    Berkeley: el conocimiento de Dios a través de uno mismo.Alberto Luis López - 2016 - In Pensar y conocer a Dios en el siglo XXI. Madrid, Spain: pp. 530-537.
    Is not easy to explain how God is known according to Berkeley. However, from his works one may infer that philosophically Berkeley oscillates between two conceptions of God: (i) as an indispensable and necessary assumption for his theory of ideas and (ii) as a being analogous to the man. From these conceptions, I present here a route for the knowledge of God, which emerges from Berkeley´s concept of finite spirit. As this possess the ideas of imagination and memory and is (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. 2019-11-12
    Berkeley y la sustancia espiritual.Alberto Luis López - 2018 - In Laura Benítez Y. Luis Ramos Alarcón (ed.), El concepto de sustancia de Spinoza a Hegel. Mexico City, CDMX, Mexico: pp. 211-232.
    In this paper I have the purpose to analyze George Berkeley’s concept of substance. For this goal, it will be necessary first to track the manner that Berkeley was conceiving that concept, that is, how it was determining in his early philosophy and what kind of role had in it. To make this it must be necessary to review the early notes knowing in Spanish as Philosophical Commentaries; and subsequently it will be required to retake the published work, particularly the (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. 2019-11-12
    Sobre la ontología inmaterialista: el concepto de idea en Berkeley.Alberto Luis López - 2019 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 2 (31):427-449.
    Berkeley’s immaterialist philosophy has been frequently underestimated as a result of the misunderstanding of his ontological proposal, specifically because of the complexity of his concept of idea. The aim of this paper is then to clarify and explain that concept because from it depends the correct understanding of Berkeley’s ontological and immaterialist proposal. To do this, 1) I will show some examples of the misunderstanding that the berkeleian proposal has had, mainly due to his concept of idea; 2) I will (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. 2019-11-12
    Positivismo en México. Un estudio sobre la obra México: su evolución social.Alberto Luis López & Elvira López Rodríguez - 2019 - Araucaria. Revista Iberoamericana de Filosofía, Política, Humanidades y Relaciones Internacionales 42 (21):85-107.
    En la segunda mitad del siglo XIX la filosofía positiva se consolidó como la corriente de pensamiento dominante en México, muchos pensadores la utilizaron como marco teórico para interpretar los acontecimientos pasados y proyectar elfuturo de la nación. Por su análisis, explicación e interpretación de la historia nacional México: su evolución social es la obra culminante del positivismo mexicano, pero para sorpresa nuestra ha sido poco estudiada por los especialistas, de ahí que sea necesario recuperarla. En este artículo nos damos (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. 2019-11-12
    Introduction.Timothy Stanley - 2015 - In Religion after Secularization in Australia. New York:
    Religion’s persistent and new visibility in political life has prompted a significant global debate. One of its key features concerns the nature and impact of secularization. This book intervenes in two ways. Firstly, it provides summative accounts of the history, culture and legal interactions that have informed Australia’s unique example. Secondly, it critically analyzes secular political theory concerning the public sphere, deliberative politics and democratic practices. The compendium aims to propel the debate in new directions and promote urgently needed public (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. 2019-11-12
    Why the World Needs Negative Political Theology.David Newheiser - forthcoming - Modern Theology.
    Some theorists argue that religion relates to politics in one of two ways: either it asserts its authority over the public sphere or it withdraws from the world in preference for spiritual concerns. In response, this special issue offers an expanded vision of what political theology can contribute to public reflection. Against those who appropriate divine authority in support of a given regime, Jewish and Christian negative theology argues that God is radically elusive. Where resistance movements sometimes struggle to transition (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. 2019-11-12
    Utopia and the Public Sphere.Timothy Stanley - 2015 - In Religion after Secularization in Australia. Palgrave MacMillan.
    Although the question of religion did not feature prominently in Jürgen Habermas’s early political theory, his more recent work has continuously addressed the topic. This later interest in religion is grounded in what one commentator in a volume on The Power of Religion in the Public Sphere, cited as the urgent need to integrate religious voices in the workings of public reason in order to avoid social disharmony and to thwart potential violence. However, the following paper argues that the hermeneutic (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. 2019-11-12
    Innovación e Inteligencia Artificial en Medicina.Carlos Ingino - 2019 - Diagnostico Journal.
    La inteligencia artificial (IA) ha sido una innovación disruptiva en el mundo de la salud y la medicina. Además del área de la investigación, la IA puede otorgar soluciones algorítmicas en cuestiones clínicas para ayudar al diagnóstico, pronóstico y tratamiento de los pacientes, así como en el reconocimiento por software de patrones visuales en el campo de la radiología y la interpretación de imágenes.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. 2019-11-12
    "Fake News" and Conceptual Ethics.Etienne Brown - 2019 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 16 (2).
    In a recent contribution to conceptual ethics, Joshua Habgood-Coote argues that philosophers should refrain from using the term “fake news,” which is commonly employed in public discussions focusing on the epistemic health of democracies. In this short discussion note, I take issue with this claim, discussing each of the three arguments advanced by Coote to support the conclusion that we should abandon this concept. First, I contend that although “fake news” is a contested concept, there is significant agreement among contemporary (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. 2019-11-12
    "Concluding Remarks" - Ch 6 of Seemings and Justification (Forthcoming).Luca Moretti - manuscript
    In this chapter I draw the conclusions of my investigation into phenomenal conservatism. I argue that phenomenal conservatism isn’t actually plagued by serious problems attributed to it by its opponents, but that it neither possesses all the epistemic merits that its advocates think it has. I suggest that phenomenal conservatism could provide a more satisfactory account of everyday epistemic practices and a more robust response to the sceptic if it were integrated with a theory of inferential justification. I also identify (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. 2019-11-12
    Leyendas de trolley: Juicio moral y toma de decisiones.Fabio Morandín-Ahuerma - 2019 - Universita Ciencia 8 (22):79-91.
    Sostengo en este artículo que no somos utilitaristas consecuentes en todo momento, ni deontologistas dogmáticos irracionales, más bien, una mezcla de utilitarismo y deontologismo que depende de una serie de factores no descubiertos o explicados convincentemente tanto epigenéticos, evolutivos, como educacionales, axiológicos, psicológicos aprendidos, conscientes e inconscientes en la toma de decisiones. También argumento que no es lo mismo toma de decisión, que construcción del juicio moral. El juicio moral no siempre conduce a la toma de decisión. Se puede tener (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. 2019-11-12
    Fomes Pecatti y sindéresis en Santo Tomás de Aquino.Fabio Morandín Ahuerma - 2016 - Revista Española de Filosofía Medieval 23 (2016):203-215.
    This paper addresses the problem of evil from the perspective of saint Thomas Aquinas. It is argued that the nature of moral evil is in the individual who for some reason lost it departs from the pursuit of the good that is inherent to being. Synderesis is the only indissoluble bridge that man has with natural law and even with eternal. Converted into noluntas will guide man intrinsically evil acts but the synderesis, as a power with a natural habit, is (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. 2019-11-12
    Advent of Auto-Affection: Possibility, Givenness & Reception in Jean-Luc Marion.Virgil W. Brower - 2019 - Acta Universitas Carolinae Theologica 9 (1):31-44.
    Jean-Luc Marion obliquely suggests that we return to religion when we think through and struggle with those topics that philosophy excludes or subjugates. This paper investigates a selection of such subjugated motifs. Marion’s recent claim (perhaps even ‘principle’): “auto-affection alone makes possible hetero-affection,” will be examined through piecemeal influences made upon its development through Marion’s return to religious thinking beyond the delimited jurisdiction of philosophy. Although still proper to the philosophies of Descartes, Kant, and Husserl, Marion finds new insights by (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. 2019-11-12
    Behavior, Organization, Substance: Three Gestalts of General Systems Theory.Vincenzo De Florio - 2014 - In Proc. of the IEEE 2014 Conference on Norbert Wiener in the 21st Century. IEEE.
    The term gestalt, when used in the context of general systems theory, assumes the value of “systemic touchstone”, namely a figure of reference useful to categorize the properties or qualities of a set of systems. Typical gestalts used, e.g., in biology, are those based on anatomical or physiological characteristics, which correspond respectively to architectural and organizational design choices in natural and artificial systems. In this paper we discuss three gestalts of general systems theory: behavior, organization, and substance, which refer respectively (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. 2019-11-12
    Promising to Try.Jason D’Cruz & Justin Kalef - 2015 - Ethics 125 (3):797-806.
    We maintain that in many contexts promising to try is expressive of responsibility as a promiser. This morally significant application of promising to try speaks in favor of the view that responsible promisers favor evidentialism about promises. Contra Berislav Marušić, we contend that responsible promisers typically withdraw from promising to act and instead promise to try, in circumstances in which they recognize that there is a significant chance that they will not succeed.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  31. 2019-11-12
    Evil Does Not Show That There is No God.Richard Swinburne - 2000 - In Brian Davies (ed.), Philosophy of Religion: A Guide and Anthology. Oxford University Press. pp. 599--613.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. 2019-11-12
    Hume's Negative Argument Concerning Induction.Stefanie Rocknak - 2011 - In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Where does the necessity that seems to accompany causal inferences come from? “Why [do] we conclude that … particular causes must necessarily have such particular effects?” In 1.3.6 of the Treatise, Hume entertains the possibility that this necessity is a function of reason. However, he eventually dismisses this possibility, where this dismissal consists of Hume’s “negative” argument concerning induction. This argument has received, and continues to receive, a tremendous amount of attention. How could causal inferences be justified if they are (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. 2019-11-12
    Kritik der Übergänge Zu den Ersten Kategorien in Hegels Wissenschaft der Logik.Achim Ilchmann - 1992 - Hegel-Studien 27:11-25.
    In dieser Arbeit wird gezeigt, daß der Hegelsche Anspruch, allein aus dem Anfang als dem Abstrakten und Unmittelbaren das Konkretere und Reichere zu entwickeln, nicht aufrechtzuhalten ist. Damit wird nicht die Dialektik, und insbesondere nicht die Dialektik des Anfangs, preisgege- ben. Es wird aufgezeigt, wie Hegel bei Entwicklung der Kategorien in der Wissenschat'tder Logik stets Bezug nehmen muß auf ein heteroge- nes Etwas. Er versucht dies zu kaschieren. Der Unterschied der ersten Kategorien Sein und Nichts ist aus der unbestimmten Unmittelbarkeit (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34. 2019-11-12
    Ranking Theory.Gabriele Kern-Isberner, Niels Skovgaard-Olsen & Wolfgang Spohn - forthcoming - MIT Press.
    Ranking theory is one of the salient formal representations of doxastic states. It differs from others in being able to represent belief in a proposition (= taking it to be true), to also represent degrees of belief (i.e. beliefs as more or less firm), and thus to generally account for the dynamics of these beliefs. It does so on the basis of fundamental and compelling rationality postulates and is hence one way of explicating the rational structure of doxastic states. Thereby (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. 2019-11-12
    Intentionality, Value Disclosure and Constitution: Stein´s Model.Ingrid Vendrell Ferran - 2018 - In Elisa Magrì & Dermot Moran (eds.), Empathy, Sociality and Personhood. Essays on Edith Stein´s Phenomenological Investigations.
    This article provides an analysis of the phenomenology of affectivity underlying the work of Edith Stein. Taking as point of departure two of her works, The problem of Empathy (1917) and Philosophy of Psychology and the Humanities (1922), the paper focuses on the idea that emotions fulfil a cognitive function: they make us accessible the realm of values. The argument of the paper is developed in two sections. The first section offers an overview of Stein’s main theses about emotions, feelings, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. 2019-11-12
    From Biological Functions to Natural Goodness.Parisa Moosavi - forthcoming - Philosophers' Imprint.
    Neo-Aristotelian ethical naturalism aims to place moral virtue in the natural world by showing that moral goodness is an instance of natural goodness—a kind of goodness supposedly also found in the biological realm of plants and non-human animals. One of the central issues facing neo-Aristotelian naturalists concerns their commitment to a kind of function ascription based on the concept of the flourishing of an organism that seems to have no place in modern biology. In this paper, I offer a novel (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. 2019-11-12
    How Physics Makes Us Free (Jenann Ismael). [REVIEW]Beñat Esnaola - 2019 - Gogoa 20.
    Fisikak duen munduaren ulerkera eta askatasuna (edo nork bere burua gobernatzeko gaitasuna) uztartu daitezkeela defendatu nahi du Ismaelek liburuan. Askatasuna ez dago modan, ordea. Fatalismoa da nagusi. Alde handia dago bizi dugun munduaren eta fisikak deskribatzen duenaren artean, eta ohikoa da “Bizi duguna fisikak ilusioa dela erakusten du” eta horrelakoak entzutea. Beste askori, askatasunaren defentsa metafisikoa lekuz kanpokoa irudituko zaio. Horiek, askatasuna orain eta hemen behar dela defendatuko dute. Ez duela inongo zentzurik askatasuna termino horietan pentsatzeak.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. 2019-11-12
    St. Thomas Aquinas on the Nature and Purpose of Education: The Importance of Aristotelian-Thomistic Principles for Educational Leaders.Josef Charles Froula - 2015 - Dissertation, Southern Connecticut State University
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. 2019-11-12
    "The Substance of the Virtues": Deification According to Maximos the Confessor and the Transformation of Aristotelian Ethics.Luis Josué Salés - 2018 - Dissertation, Fordham University
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. 2019-11-12
    Forms of Structuralism: Bourbaki and the Philosophers.Jean-Pierre Marquis - forthcoming - In Alberto Peruzzi & Silvano Zipoli Caiani (eds.), Structures Mères - Semantics, Mathematics, and Cognitive Sciences. New York, NY, USA:
    In this paper, we argue that, contrary to the view held by most philosophers of mathematics, Bourbaki’s technical conception of mathematical structuralism is relevant to philosophy of mathematics. In fact, we believe that Bourbaki has captured the core of any mathematical structuralism.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. 2019-11-11
    Animals as Stakeholders.Joshua Smart - forthcoming - In Natalie Thomas (ed.), Animals and Business Ethics. Springer.
    Animals have moral status, and we have corresponding obligations to take their interests into account. I argue that Stakeholder Theory provides a moderate, yet principled way for businesses to do so. Animals ought to be treated as stakeholders given that they affect and are affected by the achievement of the objectives of the businesses in which they are involved. Stakeholder Theory therefore requires taking those interests into account. It does not, however, require that they be given the same weight as (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. 2019-11-11
    Integrative Pluralism for Biological Function.Beckett Sterner & Samuel Cusimano - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (6):1-21.
    We introduce a new type of pluralism about biological function that, in contrast to existing, demonstrates a practical integration among the term’s different meanings. In particular, we show how to generalize Sandra Mitchell’s notion of integrative pluralism to circumstances where multiple epistemic tools of the same type are jointly necessary to solve scientific problems. We argue that the multiple definitions of biological function operate jointly in this way based on how biologists explain the evolution of protein function. To clarify how (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. 2019-11-11
    Kant’s Lectures on Ethics: A Critical Guide Lara Denis and Oliver Sensen Cambridge University Press, 2015; 289 Pp.; $113.95. [REVIEW]Nicholas Dunn - 2018 - Dialogue 57 (4):940-942.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. 2019-11-11
    A Lawful Freedom: Kant’s Practical Refutation of Noumenal Chance.Nicholas Dunn - 2015 - Kant Studies Online (1):149-177.
    This paper asks how Kant’s mature theory of freedom handles an objection pertaining to chance. This question is significant given that Kant raises this criticism against libertarianism in his early writings on freedom before coming to adopt a libertarian view of freedom in the Critical period. After motivating the problem of how Kant can hold that the free actions of human beings lack determining grounds while at the same maintain that these are not the result of ‘blind chance,’ I argue (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. 2019-11-11
    Варіативність управлінської діяльності в сфері розвитку людських ресурсів і механізми її адаптації у світовій економіці.Sergii Sardak & С. Е Сардак - 2012 - Ефективна Економіка 7:1-14.
    У статті визначено чотири загальні підходи до управління людськими ресурсами і їх розвитком які набули свого прояву у країнах світу. Наведено прогноз часу досягнення ідеально визначеного стану розвитку людських ресурсів за показниками людського розвитку ПРООН. Розроблено варіативні напрями управлінської діяльності в сфері розвитку людських ресурсів в умовах глобалізації для різних груп країн світу.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. 2019-11-11
    Plurality and the Potential for Agreement: Arendt, Kant, and the “Way of Thinking” of the World Citizen.Nicholas Dunn - forthcoming - Constellations.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. 2019-11-11
    Необхідність урахування трансформації управлінсько-регуляторних механізмів розвитку людських ресурсів у формах реалізації економічної політики держави.Sergii Sardak & С. Е Сардак - 2014 - Глобальні Та Національні Проблеми Економіки 2:341-346.
    У статті доведено необхідність урахування трансформації різнорівневих управлінсько­регуляторних механізмів розвитку людських ресурсів при розробці форм державної економічної політики. Досліджено історичну трансформацію концептуаль-ного ставлення до людини­працівника. Визначено умови, ін-струменти та спрямування економічної політики держави.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. 2019-11-11
    Домінуючі форми управлінсько-регуляторного впливу на розвиток людських ресурсів у різнорівневих соціально-економічних системах.Sergii Sardak & С. Е Сардак - 2014 - Проблеми Економіки 4:418-423.
    Динамічні перетворення у суспільстві, спричинені глобалізацією, зумовлюють необхідність пошуку основоположних форм управління розвитком людських ресурсів. Метою дослідження є визначення домінуючих форм управлінсько-регуляторного впливу на розвиток людських ресурсів у різнорівневих соціально-економічних системах і надання їхніх характеристик. У статті здійснено узгодження тринадцяти рівнів середовища системи людської життєдіяльності та п’яти управлінських рівнів, які й формують управлінсько-регуляторний вплив на розвиток людських ресурсів у соціально-економічних системах, а також надано їхні характеристики. Доведено, що домінуючі форми управлінського впливу на розвиток людських ресурсів у соціально-економічних системах мають різний (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. 2019-11-11
    Оцінювання стану інтелектуалізації національної економіки України в умовах глобалізації.Sergii Sardak & А. О. Самойленко С. Е. Сардак - 2014 - Бізнес Інформ 12:19-24.
    Внаслідок інноваційного характеру розвитку світового господарства та безупинного розгортання науково–технічного прогресу однією з провідних глобальних тенденцій постає інтелектуалізація. Метою статті є оцінювання стану інтелектуалізації національної економіки України в умовах глобалізації. У статті розглянуто існуючі підходи міжнародних організацій та експертних агенцій до оцінювання рівня інтелектуалізації країн світу. Досліджено наявні показники стану інтелектуалізації у публікаціях Державної служби статистики України. Надано авторську синтетичну характеристику стану інтелектуалізації регіонів (за двадцяти чотирма показниками) та видів економічної діяльності (за трьома показниками) національної економіки. Визначено, що в сучасних (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. 2019-11-11
    Improving the Justice‐Based Argument for Conducting Human Gene Editing Research to Cure Sickle Cell Disease.Berman Chan - forthcoming - Bioethics.
    In a recent article, Marilyn Baffoe-Bonnie offers three arguments that conducting CRISPR/Cas9 biotechnology research to cure sickle-cell disease (SCD) would help address historical and current injustices in SCD research and care. I will grant that the first argument is sound, but show that the second and third arguments suffer from roughly the same defect, which is that they really argue for something else rather than for conducting CRISPR/Cas9 research to cure SCD. I conclude that a better justice-based argument will use (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  51. 2019-11-11
    Dual Loyalty in Military Medical Ethics: A Moral Dilemma or a Test of Integrity?Peter Olsthoorn - 2019 - Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps 165 (4):282-283.
    When militaries mention loyalty as a value they mean loyalty to colleagues and the organisation. Loyalty to principle, the type of loyalty that has a wider scope, plays hardly a role in the ethics of most armed forces. Where military codes, oaths and values are about the organisation and colleagues, medical ethics is about providing patient care impartially. Being subject to two diverging professional ethics can leave military medical personnel torn between the wish to act loyally towards colleagues, and the (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  52. 2019-11-11
    A New Educational Paradigm for Evolving Development.Augustin Buendia & Carolina Morales - 2003 - World Futures 59 (8):561 – 568.
    Despite considerable attention to the need for systemic education for a new society, it is surprising to note how little research has actually been conducted in this area with transdisciplinary approach. Besides, there are many papers about new educational approaches but they are focused on a specific level, for example on higher education. Very little has been done in terms of a systemic and comprehensive approach capable of guiding human development from preschool to postgraduates studies-and beyond. This paper has two (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  53. 2019-11-11
    Individuating Part-Whole Relations in the Biological World.Marie I. Kaiser - 2018 - In O. Bueno, R.-L. Chen & M. B. Fagan (eds.), Individuation Across Experimental and Theoretical Sciences. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    What are the conditions under which one biological object is a part of another biological object? This paper answers this question by developing a general, systematic account of biological parthood. I specify two criteria for biological parthood. Substantial Spatial Inclusionrequires biological parts to be spatially located inside or in the region that the natural boundary of t he biological whole occupies. Compositional Relevance captures the fact that a biological part engages in a biological process that must make a necessary contribution (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  54. 2019-11-11
    Ann Dummett's Contribution to the Understanding of Immigration and Racism.Kimberly Ann Harris - 2015 - Critical Philosophy of Race 3 (1):20.
    This is a bibliography of Ann Dummett's work.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  55. 2019-11-11
    W. E. B. Du Bois’s “Conservation of Races:” A Metaphilosophical Text.Kimberly Ann Harris - 2019 - Metaphilosophy 50 (5):670-687.
    Nothing was more important for W. E. B. Du Bois than to promote the upward mobility of African Americans. This essay revisits his “The Conversation of Races” to demonstrate its general philosophical importance. Ultimately, Du Bois’s three motivations for giving the address reveal his view of the nature of philosophical inquiry: to critique earlier phenotypic conceptions of race, to show the essentiality of history, and to promote a reflexive practice. Commentators have been unduly invested in the hermeneutic readings and as (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  56. 2019-11-11
    Hegel’s Pluralism as a Comedy of Action.Christopher Yeomans - 2019 - Hegel Bulletin 40 (3):357-373.
    Our reception of Hegel’s theory of action faces a fundamental difficulty: on the one hand, that theory is quite clearly embedded in a social theory of modern life, but on the other hand most of the features of the society that gave that embedding its specific content have become almost inscrutably strange to us (e.g., the estates and the monarchy). Thus we find ourselves in the awkward position of stressing the theory’s sociality even as we scramble backwards to distance ourselves (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  57. 2019-11-11
    Understanding “What Could Be”: A Call for ‘Experimental Behavioral Genetics’.S. Alexandra Burt, Kathryn Plaisance & David Z. Hambrick - 2019 - Behavior Genetics 2 (49):235-243.
    Behavioral genetic (BG) research has yielded many important discoveries about the origins of human behavior, but offers little insight into how we might improve outcomes. We posit that this gap in our knowledge base stems in part from the epidemiologic nature of BG research questions. Namely, BG studies focus on understanding etiology as it currently exists, rather than etiology in environments that could exist but do not as of yet (e.g., etiology following an intervention). Put another way, they focus exclusively (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  58. 2019-11-11
    Interdisciplinarity and Insularity in the Diffusion of Knowledge: An Analysis of Disciplinary Boundaries Between Philosophy of Science and the Sciences.John McLevey, Alexander V. Graham, Reid McIlroy-Young, Pierson Browne & Kathryn Plaisance - 2018 - Scientometrics 1 (117):331-349.
    Two fundamentally different perspectives on knowledge diffusion dominate debates about academic disciplines. On the one hand, critics of disciplinary research and education have argued that disciplines are isolated silos, within which specialists pursue inward-looking and increasingly narrow research agendas. On the other hand, critics of the silo argument have demonstrated that researchers constantly import and export ideas across disciplinary boundaries. These perspectives have different implications for how knowledge diffuses, how intellectuals gain and lose status within their disciplines, and how intellectual (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  59. 2019-11-11
    Show Me the Numbers: A Quantitative Portrait of the Attitudes, Experiences, and Values of Philosophers of Science Regarding Broadly Engaged Work.Kathryn Plaisance, Alexander V. Graham, John McLevey & Jay Michaud - forthcoming - Synthese.
    Philosophers of science are increasingly arguing for the importance of doing scientifically- and socially-engaged work, suggesting that we need to reduce barriers to extra-disciplinary engagement and broaden our impact. Yet, we currently lack empirical data to inform these discussions, leaving a number of important questions unanswered. How common is it for philosophers of science to engage other communities, and in what ways are they engaging? What barriers are most prevalent when it comes to broadly disseminating one’s work or collaborating with (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  60. 2019-11-11
    Supporting Human Autonomy in AI Systems.Rafael Calvo, Dorian Peters, Karina Vold & Richard M. Ryan - forthcoming - In Christopher Burr & Luciano Floridi (eds.), Ethics of Digital Well-being: A Multidisciplinary Approach.
    Autonomy has been central to moral and political philosophy for millenia, and has been positioned as a critical aspect of both justice and wellbeing. Research in psychology supports this position, providing empirical evidence that autonomy is critical to motivation, personal growth and psychological wellness. Responsible AI will require an understanding of, and ability to effectively design for, human autonomy (rather than just machine autonomy) if it is to genuinely benefit humanity. Yet the effects on human autonomy of digital experiences are (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  61. 2019-11-11
    An Ontic Account of Explanatory Reduction in Biology.Marie I. Kaiser - 2012 - Köln: Kölner Hochschulschriften.
    Convincing disputes about explanatory reductionism in the philosophy of biology require a clear and precise understanding of what a reductive explanation in biology is. The central aim of this book is to provide such an account by revealing the features that determine the reductive character of a biological explanation. Chapters I-IV provide the ground, on which I can then, in Chapter V, develop my own account of explanatory reduction in biology: Chapter I reveals the meta-philosophical assumptions that underlie my analysis (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  62. 2019-11-11
    Julian Assange: Periodismo científico, conspiración y ética hacker.David Villena Saldaña - 2011 - Quehacer 181 (181):58-69.
    This essay attempts to explain the ethics behind WikiLeaks. It also assesses the concepts of conspiration and scientific journalism introduced by Julian Assange in one his manifestos.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  63. 2019-11-11
    A Dynamical Systems Approach to Causation.Peter Fazekas, Balázs Gyenis, Gábor Hofer-Szabó & Gergely Kertész - forthcoming - Synthese:1-23.
    Our approach aims at accounting for causal claims in terms of how the physical states of the underlying dynamical system evolve with time. Causal claims assert connections between two sets of physicals states—their truth depends on whether the two sets in question are genuinely connected by time evolution such that physical states from one set evolve with time into the states of the other set. We demonstrate the virtues of our approach by showing how it is able to account for (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  64. 2019-11-11
    Derecho al olvido en Internet: Google y la doctrina europea.David Villena Saldaña - 2015 - Contratexto 23 (23):259-269.
    This essay accounts for part of the moral, social and legal problems behind the attempts for justifying and implementing the so-called right to be forgotten in the Internet. Such right implies that –under certain circumstances–individuals are entitled to demand that search engines remove links containing their personal information. Our inquiry reflects on a ruling issued by the Court of Justice of the European Union and made public on May 13th 2014, as well as on the recommendations conveyed in Article 29 (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  65. 2019-11-11
    Effective Preaching of the Word of God: Concrete Considerations.Dominic Obielosi & Stanley C. Mgbemena - 2019 - Hofa: African Journal of Multidisciplinary Research 4 (2).
    Acts 2,5-6 talks of the crowd that gathered in Jerusalem for the annual Pentecost feast. It describes them as ‘devout men from nations under heaven’. This description could be an exaggeration, but it is a literary way of telling the readers that uncountable number of people went for the feast. The presentation posits species from every continent as present. They did not visit Jerusalem to listen to Peter’s preaching about the resurrected Christ. Their visit was an annual pilgrimage for Jewish (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  66. 2019-11-11
    The Theory and Practice of Electoral Processes in a Democratic Transition: A Comparative Study of Nigeria and South Africa (1999 -2004).Ifedi Francisca - 2019 - Hofa: African Journal of Multidisciplinary Research 4 (1).
    Democratization process has become the global demand of the present century. The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) gave credence to this development. Nigeria and South Africa have had checkered history of dictatorship under military rule and obnoxious apartheid policy respectively. Both countries embraced the current wave in the 1990s. The exploration of this development is our central focus. To do this, the paper examined the following: the relationship between type of electoral system and the conduct of elections in Nigeria and South (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  67. 2019-11-11
    Research on Broudy's Theory of the Uses of Schooling.John G. Schmitz - 1992 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 26 (4):79.
    Harry S. Broudy has studied the utility of general education through the development and testing of his Newspaper Test of the Uses of Schooling (NPT). The results of research with a new version of the NPT are reported in this essay and some options for future research are presented. The results of the study indicate that continued development and testing of the NPT will prove important. Promising new versions of the test are suggested for future research to pursue, including a (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  68. 2019-11-11
    El problema mente-cuerpo y el materialismo eliminativo.David Villena Saldaña - 2016 - Metanoia 1 (2):19-35.
    This paper is divided into three sections. It aims to give some resources for making possible a straightforward debate on the mind-body problem as well as some serious researches in it. Having these goals into account, the first section offers an introduction to the mind-body problem and the second section explains briefly some of the most influential answers to this problem. The third section is devoted to eliminative materialism.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  69. 2019-11-10
    What Are Collections and Divisions Good For? A Reconsideration of Plato’s Phaedrus.Jens Kristian Larsen - forthcoming - Ancient Philosophy.
    In the second half of the Phaedrus, while Socrates and Phaedrus are discussing how one should speak and write nobly or beautifully, Socrates makes the following statement: -/- Now I am myself, Phaedrus, a lover of these divisions and collections, so that I may be able both to speak and think; and if I think anyone else has the capacity to look to one and to multiplicity as they are in nature, I pursue him ‘in his footsteps, behind him, as (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  70. 2019-11-10
    Ontology and Cosmology of the ʿaql in Ṣadrā's Commentary on Uṣūl Al-Kāfī.Amir Asghari - 2017 - Journal of Shi'a Islamic Studies 10 (2):157-182.
    ABSTRACT: Mullā Ṣadrā’s (c 1571-1640) commentary on Uṣūl al- Kāfī is one of the more famous commentaries on this significant Shi‘i hadith collection. For his philosophical and Sui background, Ṣadrā’s approach to the hadith is slightly different and in some ways contrary to the earlier commentators such as`Allāma Majlisī in Shi'a and Ibn Taymīyya in Sunni Islam. This paper aims to shed light on the way, Ṣadrā interprets al-Kāfī and particularly to determine his understanding of the ʿaql (intellect) at the (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  71. 2019-11-10
    Транснаціоналізація національної економіки України.Sergii Sardak & О. В. Сливенко С. Е. Сардак - 2015 - Вісник Дніпропетровського Університету. – Серія : Світове Господарство І Міжнародні Економічні Відносини 7 (23):91-99.
    Досліджено теоретичні та історичні аспекти транснаціоналізації. Визначено роль ТНК у процесі транснаціоналізації національної економіки України. Розглянуто економічні показники, переваги та недоліки діяльності ТНК в Україні.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  72. 2019-11-10
    Paradoxuri cauzale în călătoria în timp.Nicolae Sfetcu - manuscript
    Orice teorie care ar permite călătoria în timp ar introduce probleme de cauzalitate. Aceste tipuri de paradoxuri temporale pot fi evitate prin principiul de consecvență Novikov sau printr-o variație a interpretării multor lumi cu lumi care interacționează. Argumentul clasic împotriva cauzalității înapoi este argumentul bilking, Dacă un eveniment A provoacă un eveniment anterior B, bilking recomandă o încercare de a decorela A și B, adică de a aduce A în cazurile în care B nu a avut loc și de a (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  73. 2019-11-10
    Автоматизация корпоративных систем управления как инновационная составляющая государственной кадровой политики.Sergii Sardak & С. Е Сардак - 2015 - Науковий Вісник Херсонського Державного Університету 11:28-31.
    В статье проанализированы существующие формы автоматизации корпоративных систем управления. Определена проблематика системной автоматизации управления на примере системы формирования кадрового потенциала. Выделены системообразующие элементы автоматизации корпоративных систем формирования кадрового потенциала. Рассмотрены зарубежные и украинские программные продукты в сфере управления персоналом.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  74. 2019-11-10
    GARCÍA ROCA, J.: "Positivismo e Ilustración: la filosofía de David Hume". [REVIEW]G. Muñoz-Alonso - 1982 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 17:151.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  75. 2019-11-10
    Дослідження структури і тенденцій розвитку світового ринку інформаційних технологій.Sergii Sardak & А. В. Ставицька С. Е. Сардак - 2015 - Технологический Аудит И Резервы Производства 4 (5):96-100.
    Досліджено структуру світового ринку інформаційних технологій: ринок комп’ютерного та офісного апаратного забезпечення, ринок інформаційно-технологічних послуг, ринок програмного забезпечення. Проаналізовано динаміку та визначено глобальні тенденції розвитку світового ринку інформаційних технологій. Визначені провідні країни за обсягами витрат на інформаційні технології, досліджені особливості їх участі на світовому ринку інформаційних технологій.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  76. 2019-11-10
    "That's Just So-and-So Being So-and-So": On Some Possible Meanings, Functions, and Moral Implications of an Explanation.Rob Lovering - 2019 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 25 (1):61-73.
    When it comes to explaining someone’s puzzling, objectionable, or otherwise problematic behavior, one type of explanation occasionally employed in the service of doing so is as follows: “That’s just so-and-so being so-and-so.” But what, exactly, do explanations of the type “That’s just so-and-so being so-and-so” mean? More specifically, in what way, if any, is it meaningful or informative to say such things? And what is the precise function of such explanations of someone’s behavior? Is it merely to present what one (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  77. 2019-11-10
    Factors Leadind Corporations to Continue.Marius Gavrila & Radu-Marius Gavrila - 2019 - Dissertation, Walden University
    Accountability for corporate social responsibility (CSR) and its societal challenges is undetermined, and it is unclear whether business or society should carry these responsibilities. Despite severe criticism from some, many organizations continue to invest in and promote CSR. The purpose of this multiple-case study was to increase the understanding of the phenomenon from the perspective of a purposeful sample of participants who contribute to CSR execution and who were representatives of the 10 organizations identified as active promoters. The participant corporations (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  78. 2019-11-10
    Vài Suy Nghĩ Về H-Index Trong Cuộc Biến Chuyển Đo Lường Công Trạng Khoa Học Ở Việt Nam.Manh-Toan Ho - manuscript
    Một vài suy nghĩ về khả năng đóng góp của h-index trong đo lường công trạng khoa học, đặc biệt là khoa học xã hội và nhân văn, ở bối cảnh Việt Nam hiện nay.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  79. 2019-11-10
    Direct Democracy, Social Ecology and Public Time.Alexandros Schismenos - 2019 - In Federico Venturini, Inés Morales & Emet Değirmenci (eds.), Social Ecology and the Right to the City. Montreal: Black Rose Books. pp. 128 - 141.
    My main point is that the creation of a free public time implies the creation of a democratic collective inspired by the project of social ecology. The first and second parts of this article focus on the modern social phenomena correlated to the general crisis and the emergence of the Internet Age (Castells, 2012). The third and fourth parts focus on new significations that seem to inspire modern social movements and the challenges that modern democratic ecological collectivities face. I use (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  80. 2019-11-10
    Responses to Catastrophic AGI Risk: A Survey.Kaj Sotala & Roman V. Yampolskiy - 2015 - Physica Scripta 90.
    Many researchers have argued that humanity will create artificial general intelligence (AGI) within the next twenty to one hundred years. It has been suggested that AGI may inflict serious damage to human well-being on a global scale ('catastrophic risk'). After summarizing the arguments for why AGI may pose such a risk, we review the fieldʼs proposed responses to AGI risk. We consider societal proposals, proposals for external constraints on AGI behaviors and proposals for creating AGIs that are safe due to (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  81. 2019-11-10
    Bullfighting, Sex and Sensation.Hélène Frichot - 2001 - Colloquy 5.
    The investigation that follows will flex in four directions, backwards and forwards, along the elastic threadthat ties the event of the bullfight to sex and thence a warm spill of sensation. In order to enter the fraythat is the bullfight, I will appropriate a term from Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari by way of which eachof the four thrusts I advance, or fights I present, can be read as asignifying ruptures [1] . With thisconcept we are encouraged to question the (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  82. 2019-11-10
    Qualia.David Villena Saldaña - 2016 - Escritura y Pensamiento 39 (39):79-103.
    This paper shows why qualia constitute a problem for any theory of mental phenomena. We use the term ‘qualia’ in reference to non-intentional features of mental states which are eminently qualitative, i.e. perceptions, emotions, moods and body sensations. These non-intentional features are usually described as intrinsic, ineffable, infallible, atomic, private, direct and irreducible to the physical. The paper also explains the absent qualia argument which is addressed as a critique to functionalism.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  83. 2019-11-10
    Long-Term Trajectories of Human Civilization.Seth D. Baum, Stuart Armstrong, Timoteus Ekenstedt, Olle Häggström, Robin Hanson, Karin Kuhlemann, Matthijs M. Maas, James D. Miller, Markus Salmela, Anders Sandberg, Kaj Sotala, Phil Torres, Alexey Turchin & Roman V. Yampolskiy - 2019 - Foresight 21 (1):53-83.
    Purpose This paper aims to formalize long-term trajectories of human civilization as a scientific and ethical field of study. The long-term trajectory of human civilization can be defined as the path that human civilization takes during the entire future time period in which human civilization could continue to exist. -/- Design/methodology/approach This paper focuses on four types of trajectories: status quo trajectories, in which human civilization persists in a state broadly similar to its current state into the distant future; catastrophe (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  84. 2019-11-10
    How Feasible is the Rapid Development of Artificial Superintelligence?Kaj Sotala - 2017 - Physica Scripta 11 (92).
    What kinds of fundamental limits are there in how capable artificial intelligence (AI) systems might become? Two questions in particular are of interest: (1) How much more capable could AI become relative to humans, and (2) how easily could superhuman capability be acquired? To answer these questions, we will consider the literature on human expertise and intelligence, discuss its relevance for AI, and consider how AI could improve on humans in two major aspects of thought and expertise, namely simulation and (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  85. 2019-11-10
    Development and Environmental Sustainability in Nigeria: An African Perspective.Brian Ifere Njar & David Abim Enagu - 2019 - GNOSI: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Human Theory and Praxis 2 (1).
    This research titled “Development and Environment Sustainability in Nigeria: An African Perspective” examines the effect of development on the African environment. Recent trends and tenets of development are accredited to technological advancements infrastructures and industrialization. Thus, development is respected within the light of social and economic productivity and mostly applauded within the ambiance of consumable scientific, architectural, agricultural and engineering, etc. Notably, the afore-mentioned directly affects the environment and this has become a conundrum to both living and non-living organisms within (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  86. 2019-11-10
    ¿Qué es el funcionalismo?David Villena Saldaña - 2017 - Letras 88 (27):130-155.
    This paper explains the main theses of functionalism about mental states. This view is taken as a response addressed to the metaphysical aspect of the mind-body problem. It is explained what distinguishes functional properties as second-order properties, and how to understand supervenience and multiple realizability. The paper applies these ideas to machine functionalism and analytic functionalism, the two main versions of functionalism.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  87. 2019-11-10
    Semanttisen eksternalismin puolustus.Panu Raatikainen - forthcoming - Ajatus 76.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  88. 2019-11-10
    Era posverdad: Comunicación, política y filosofía.David Villena Saldaña - 2019 - Psicopraxia 1 (1):17-26.
    According to the Oxford dictionaries, the term ‘post-truth’ is the word of the year 2016. This title was granted to ‘post-truth’ because of its virtual omnipresence in the reviews and assessments of several political events that took place during that year. The present essay shows how post-truth politicians try to connect with people, and offers a reflection on the philosophical implications of this new attitude towards truth and empirical evidence.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  89. 2019-11-10
    In Defense of Animal Universalism.Blake Hereth, Shawn Graves & Tyler John - 2017 - In T. Ryan Byerly & Eric Silverman (eds.), Paradise Understood: New Philosophical Essays about Heaven. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 161-192.
    This paper defends “Animal Universalism,” the thesis that all sentient non-human animals will be brought into Heaven and remain there for eternity. It assumes that God exists and is all-powerful, perfectly loving, and perfectly just. From these background theses, the authors argue that Animal Universalism follows. If God is perfectly loving, then God is concerned about the well-being of non-human animals, and God chooses to maximize the well-being of each individual animal when doing so does not harm other individual creatures (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  90. 2019-11-09
    Reading the Nicomachean Ethics as an Investigation.Guy Schuh - forthcoming - Logical Analysis and the History of Philosophy.
    Aristotle tells us that the Nicomachean Ethics is an “inquiry” and an “investigation” (μέθοδος and a ζήτησις). This paper focuses on an under-appreciated way that the work is investigative: its employment of an exploratory investigative strategy—that is, its frequent positing of, and later revision or even rejection of, merely preliminary positions. Though this may seem like a small point, this aspect of the work’s methodology has important consequences for how we should read it—specifically, we should be open to the possibility (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  91. 2019-11-09
    Friendship and Aristotle's Defense of Psychological Eudaimonism.Guy Schuh - forthcoming - Review of Metaphysics.
    Aristotle holds that the ultimate goal of our action is our own happiness (“psychological eudaimonism”). Though this position is controversial, it’s widely thought that he never attempts to defend it. I argue, to the contrary, that he does. I begin by pointing out that in Nicomachean Ethics 9.8 Aristotle raises an endoxic challenge to psychological eudaimonism—namely, that virtuous people act selflessly, especially in relation to their friends—and that he responds to this challenge by declaring that the (observable) “facts” disagree with (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  92. 2019-11-09
    Footnote Fixation- Collegiality in Academic Spinoza Studies A Methodology and a Mindset That Misleads the Unwary.Charles Milton Saunders - manuscript
    Once in a great while a series of unintentional mistakes which could go unremarked, reach a mass and a wide distribution. When that occurs these mistakes take on a new life and somehow become established as a canon of 'scholarly' research. In the case of the extant literature in Spinozan academic writing, this has now gone far beyond the tipping point. Virtually all of the commentary, journals, conferences, courses and internet sites, now uniformly speak as one voice. And that voice (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  93. 2019-11-09
    Epistemology of Experimental Gravity - Scientific Rationality.Nicolae Sfetcu - manuscript
    The evolution of gravitational tests from an epistemological perspective framed in the concept of rational reconstruction of Imre Lakatos, based on his methodology of research programmes. Unlike other works on the same subject, the evaluated period is very extensive, starting with Newton's natural philosophy and up to the quantum gravity theories of today. In order to explain in a more rational way the complex evolution of the gravity concept of the last century, I propose a natural extension of the methodology (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  94. 2019-11-09
    Сучасна проблематика міжнародного руху людських ресурсів: міграція, туризм, транзитно-професійні переміщення, віртуальний міжнародний рух.Sergii Sardak & С. Е Сардак - 2015 - Інвестиції : Практика Та Досвід 15:11-14.
    У статті концептуалізована сучасна проблематика міжнародного руху людських ресурсів. Ідентифіковано чотири форми міжнародного руху людських ресурсів: міграційний рух, туристичний рух, транзитно-професійний рух, віртуальний рух. Підтверджено, що основою міжнародного міграційного руху людських ресурсів є усі види міжнародної міграції населення. Зазначено, що основою міжнародного туристичного руху людських ресурсів є усі види міжнародного туризму населення. Уточнено, що міжнародний транзитно-професійний рух є тимчасовим переміщенням персоналу з країни свого проживання, що викликано виробничими вимогами їх професійної діяльності. Зазначено, що міжнародний віртуальний рух людських ресурсів здійснюється шляхом (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  95. 2019-11-09
    Трансформація геоекономічних інтересів суб’єктів глобальної макроекономічної політики.Sergii Sardak & С. Е Сардак - 2015 - Економіка Та Держава 8:10-12.
    У статті розглянуто глобальну проблематику розвитку світової економіки й ідентифіковано глобальні загрози, проблеми, виклики, тенденції та суб’єкти. Визначено, що традиційна макроекономічна політика у ХХІ столітті перетворюється на глобальну макроекономічну політику яка визначається переважно зовнішньодержавними факторами впливу. Враховуючи суттєві відмінності потенціалів країн констатується, що геоекономічні інтереси суб’єктів глобальної макроекономічної політики зараз мають індивідуально-державне спрямування залежно від їх ресурсних можливостей, збалансовані регуляторною системою міжнародного права та координуються міжнародними організаціями. Прогнозується, що трансформація геоекономічних інтересів суб’єктів глобальної макроекономічної політики відбудеться від індивідуально-державного спрямування до (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  96. 2019-11-09
    Потенціал економічного розвитку АСЕАН.Sergii Sardak & С. Е Сардак - 2016 - Східна Європа: Економіка, Бізнес Та Управління 5:41-44.
    У статті ідентифіковано потенціал економічного розвитку АСЕАН. Досліджено історичні аспекти створення інтеграційного об’єднання АСЕАН. Оцінено сучасний економічний стан АСЕАН у світовому господарстві. Проаналізовано наявні та визначено майбутні тенденції розвитку АСЕАН. Розкрито проблематику та перспективи розвитку АСЕАН.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  97. 2019-11-09
    Вплив цивілізаційних та культурних чинників на економічний розвиток.Sergii Sardak & С. Е Сардак - 2017 - Економіка Та Суспільство 9:106-109.
    Під час дослідження визначено, що у ХІХ – ХХ століттях в науці сформовано теорію цивілізацій, яка у ХХІ столітті динамічно розвивається і має базовим підґрунтям культуру. Зазначено, що в умовах глобалізації вплив цивілізаційних та культурних чинників на економічний розвиток почав посилюватися і зазнавати певної трансформації у напрямі їх гомогенізації, виокремлення «позацивілізаційного» сегменту та посилення цивілі-заційних конфліктів.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  98. 2019-11-09
    The Origin of the Inner Voice: Durkheim, Christianity and the Greeks.Jørn Bjerre - 2013 - Journal of Classical Sociology 13 (3):359–392.
    While the influence of classical philosophy on sociology has been the subject of several studies, less attention has been given to the question of how the founders of sociology viewed classical philosophy. This article discusses Émile Durkheim’s account of the historical role of Greek philosophy as described in his lectures on The Evolution of Educational Thought. It demonstrates how Durkheim makes several erroneous claims concerning Greek morality that, taken together, produced a stereotyped image of the Greeks as intellectual giants but (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  99. 2019-11-09
    The Book That Touched Millions: The Immortal Fly.Rituparna Ray Chaudhuri (ed.) - 2019 - Bloomington,USA: Partridge International In Association with Penguin Random House.
    ‘’ The Daughter writes, “I had asked Ma many times, but her ‘impenetrable personality’ and dynamic words to everyone with a tinge of smile as reflected on her face, she was reluctant to continue her conversation with me. I had thought, hence, I must not be indefinite on my spoken words. Who shall I blame!” Based on true story of a family came from South Calcutta (India) to a suburb, on staying at home of the Daughter’s maternal grandmother’s house, this (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  100. 2019-11-09
    'Ramseyfying' Probabilistic Comparativism.Edward J. R. Elliott - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Comparativism is the view that comparative confidences (e.g., being more confident that P than that Q) are more fundamental than degrees of belief (e.g., believing that P with some strength x). In this paper, I outline the basis for a new, non-probabilistic version of comparativism inspired by a suggestion made by Frank Ramsey in `Probability and Partial Belief'. I show how, and to what extent, `Ramseyan comparativism' might be used to weaken the (unrealistically strong) probabilistic coherence conditions that comparativism traditionally (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark