How Belief-Credence Dualism Explains Away Pragmatic Encroachment

Philosophical Quarterly 69 (276):511-533 (2019)
Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
Belief-credence dualism is the view that we have both beliefs and credences and neither attitude is reducible to the other. Pragmatic encroachment is the view that stakes alone can affect the epistemic rationality of states like knowledge or justified belief. In this paper, I argue that dualism offers a unique explanation of pragmatic encroachment cases. First, I explain pragmatic encroachment and what motivates it. Then, I explain dualism and outline a particular argument for dualism. Finally, I show how dualism can explain the intuitions that underlie pragmatic encroachment. My basic proposal is that in high-stake cases, it is not that one cannot rationally believe that p; instead, one ought not to rely on one's belief that p. One should rather rely on one's credence in p. I conclude that we need not commit ourselves to pragmatic encroachment in order to explain the intuitiveness of the cases that motivate it.
PhilPapers/Archive ID
Revision history
First archival date: 2018-12-12
Latest version: 4 (2019-06-24)
View upload history
References found in this work BETA
Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases.Kahneman, Daniel; Slovic, Paul & Tversky, Amos (eds.)
.Williamson, Timothy
Knowledge in an Uncertain World.Fantl, Jeremy & McGrath, Matthew
Knowing Full Well.Sosa, Ernest

View all 153 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Credence: A Belief-First Approach.Moon, Andrew & Jackson, Elizabeth
Salvaging Pascal’s Wager.Jackson, Elizabeth & Rogers, Andrew
Varieties of Moral Encroachment.Bolinger, Renée Jorgensen

Add more citations

Added to PP index

Total views
333 ( #13,059 of 48,941 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
86 ( #6,556 of 48,941 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks to external links.