A World Without a Past: New Challenges to Kant's Refutation of Idealism

Southwest Philosophy Review 34 (1):171-180 (2018)
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In the Refutation of Idealism, Kant aims to defeat the Cartesian radical skeptical hypothesis that empirical reality might not exist and we cannot have knowledge of it. Kant intends to demonstrate that conscious experience presupposes direct experience of empirical reality. This paper presents new challenges to the conclusions Kant reaches in the Refutation. Kant’s argument turns on the claim that the past must exist, and my challenges concern the possibility that there is no past.

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Justin Remhof
Old Dominion University


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