How Many Senses? Multisensory Perception Beyond the Five Senses

In Sabah Ülkesi. Cologne: IGMG. pp. 76-79 (2021)
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The idea that there are five senses dates back to Aristotle, who was one of the first philosophers to examine them systematically. Though it has become conventional wisdom, many scientists and philosophers would argue that this idea is outdated and inaccurate. Indeed, they have given many different answers to this question, ranging from just three (the number of different kinds of physical energy we can detect) to 33 or more senses. Perhaps surprisingly, the issue remains controversial, partly because it is not clear exactly what should count as a ‘sense’. Should proprioception, balance and kinaesthesis, amongst others, be considered additional senses? And if so, how do we figure out how many senses we really have? (Published in Turkish under the title ‘Çok Duyumlu Algi’)

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Keith A. Wilson
University College Dublin


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