Higher-order defeat and intellectual responsibility

Synthese:1-21 (forthcoming)
Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
Abstract
It’s widely accepted that higher-order defeaters, i.e., evidence that one’s belief is formed in an epistemically defective way, can defeat doxastic justification. However, it’s yet unclear how exactly such kind of defeat happens. Given that many theories of doxastic justification can be understood as fitting the schema of proper basing on propositional justifiers, we might attempt to explain the defeat either by arguing that a higher-order defeater defeats propositional justification or by arguing that it defeats proper basing. It has been argued that the first attempt is unpromising because a variety of prominent theories of propositional justification don’t imply that we lose propositional justification when gaining higher-order defeaters. This leads some scholars to take the second attempt. In this paper, I criticize this second attempt, and I defend the first attempt by arguing that a theory of propositional justification that requires intellectual responsibility can nicely account for higher-order defeat. My proposal is that we lose doxastic justification when we gain higher-order defeaters because there is no intellectually responsible way for us to maintain our original beliefs due to the defeaters.
PhilPapers/Archive ID
YEHDA
Revision history
Archival date: 2018-10-08
View upload history
References found in this work BETA
What is Justified Belief.Goldman, Alvin I.
What is Inference?Boghossian, Paul

View all 37 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Added to PP index
2018-10-05

Total downloads
20 ( #31,432 of 34,930 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
20 ( #15,451 of 34,930 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks to external links.