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  1. Spinoza on the Essence of the Human Body and the Part of the Mind That is Eternal.Don Garrett - 2009 - In Olli Koistinen (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza's Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
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  • Spinoza.Don Garrett - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (4):952-955.
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  • Spinoza on Essences, Universals, and Beings of Reason.Karolina Hübner - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (2):58-88.
    The article proposes a new solution to the long-standing problem of the universality of essences in Spinoza's ontology. It argues that, according to Spinoza, particular things in nature possess unique essences, but that these essences coexist with more general, mind-dependent species-essences, constructed by finite minds on the basis of similarities that obtain among the properties of formally-real particulars. This account provides the best fit both with the textual evidence and with Spinoza's other metaphysical and epistemological commitments. The article offers new (...)
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  • Two Puzzles Concerning Spinoza's Conception of Belief.Justin Steinberg - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):261-282.
    Spinoza's account of belief entails that if A has two ideas, p and q, with incompatible content, A believes that p if the idea of p is stronger than the idea of q. This seems to leave little space for dominant non-beliefs, or cases in which there is discord between one's beliefs and one's affective-behavioral responses. And yet Spinoza does allow for two classes of dominant non-beliefs: efficacious fictions [fictiones] and ideas that conduce to akrasia. I show how Spinoza can (...)
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  • The Waterfall Illusion.Tim Crane - 1988 - Analysis 48 (June):142-47.
    If you stare for a period of time at a scene which contains movement in one direction, and then turn your attention to an object in a scene which contains no movement, this object will appear to move in the opposite direction to that of the original movement. The effect can be easily achieved by attaching a piece of paper with a spiral drawn on it to the spinning turntable of a record player, and then turning the turntable off while (...)
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  • Rationalism and Necessitarianism.Martin Lin - 2012 - Noûs 46 (3):418-448.
    Metaphysical rationalism, the doctrine which affirms the Principle of Sufficient Reason (the PSR), is out of favor today. The best argument against it is that it appears to lead to necessitarianism, the claim that all truths are necessarily true. Whatever the intuitive appeal of the PSR, the intuitive appeal of the claim that things could have been otherwise is greater. This problem did not go unnoticed by the great metaphysical rationalists Spinoza and Leibniz. Spinoza’s response was to embrace necessitarianism. Leibniz’s (...)
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  • Spinoza on Extension.Alison Peterman - 2015 - Philosophers' Imprint 15.
    This paper argues that Spinoza does not take extension in space to be a fundamental property of physical things. This means that when Spinoza calls either substance or a mode “an Extended thing”, he does not mean that it is a thing extended in three dimensions. The argument proceeds by showing, first, that Spinoza does not associate extension in space with substance, and second, that finite bodies, or physical things, are not understood through the intellect when they are conceived as (...)
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  • Spinoza on Essences, Universals, and Beings of Reason.Karolina Hübner - 2016 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 97 (1):58-88.
    The article proposes a new solution to the long-standing problem of the universality of essences in Spinoza's ontology. It argues that, according to Spinoza, particular things in nature possess unique essences, but that these essences coexist with more general, mind-dependent species-essences, constructed by finite minds on the basis of similarities that obtain among the properties of formally-real particulars. This account provides the best fit both with the textual evidence and with Spinoza's other metaphysical and epistemological commitments. The article offers new (...)
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  • Spinoza.Martial Guéroult - 1968
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  • Spinoza on the Essences of Modes.Thomas M. Ward - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (1):19-46.
    This paper examines some aspects of Spinoza's metaphysics of the essences of modes.2 I situate Spinoza's use of the notion of essence as a response to traditional, Aristotelian, ways of thinking about essence. I argue that, although Spinoza rejects part of the Aristotelian conception of essence, according to which it is in virtue of its essence that a thing is a member of a kind, he nevertheless retains a different part of such a conception, according to which an essence is (...)
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  • Spinoza's Essentialist Model of Causation.Valtteri Viljanen - 2008 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 51 (4):412 – 437.
    Spinoza is most often seen as a stern advocate of mechanistic efficient causation, but examining his philosophy in relation to the Aristotelian tradition reveals this view to be misleading: some key passages of the Ethics resemble so much what Surez writes about emanation that it is most natural to situate Spinoza's theory of causation not in the context of the mechanical sciences but in that of a late scholastic doctrine of the emanative causality of the formal cause; as taking a (...)
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  • Spinoza on the Incoherence of Self-Destruction.Jason Waller - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (3):487 – 503.
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  • The Framework of Essences in Spinoza's Ethics.Christopher P. Martin - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (3):489 – 509.
    (2008). The Framework of Essences in Spinoza's Ethics. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 489-509. doi: 10.1080/09608780802200489.
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  • Shadows of Beings: Francisco Suárez’s Entia Rationis.Christopher Shields - 2012 - In Benjamin Hill & Henrik Lagerlund (eds.), The Philosophy of Francisco Surez. Oxford University Press.
    Beings of reason present metaphysicians with an interesting dilemma—they can be thought about even though there are no such things; yet to be thought about it would seem that they must have some kind of being. In this essay it is argued that Suárez presented a sophisticated alternative to Meinongism that is absent from contemporary discussions of beings of reason. Suárez’s doctrine is analysed in terms of ‘tethered counterfactuals’—they are tethered because they and their being are tied to acts of (...)
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  • Spinoza on Causation and Power.Francesca di Poppa - 2013 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 51 (3):297-319.
    The purpose of this paper is to argue that, for Spinoza, causation is a more fundamental relation than conceptual connection, and that, in fact, it explains conceptual connection. I will firstly offer a criticism of Michael Della Rocca's 2008 claims that, for Spinoza, causal relations are identical to relations of conceptual dependence and that existence is identical to conceivability. Secondly, I will argue that, for Spinoza, causation is more fundamental than conceptual dependence, offering textual evidence from both Treatise on the (...)
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  • Spinoza.Michael Della Rocca - 2008 - New York: Routlege.
    Spinoza ' s understanding and understanding Spinoza -- Spinoza ' s understanding -- Understanding Spinoza -- The metaphysics of substance -- Descartes and substance -- Spinoza contra Descartes on substance -- Modes -- Necessitarianism -- The purpose of it all -- The human mind -- Parallelism and representation -- Essence and representation -- Parallelism and mind - body identity -- The idea of the human body -- The pancreas problem, the pan problem, and panpsychism -- Nothing but representation -- Representation, (...)
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  • Sylvan's Box: A Short Story and Ten Morals.Graham Priest - 1997 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (4):573-582.
    The paper contains a short story which is inconsistent, essentially so, but perfectly intelligible. The existence of such a story is used to establish various views about truth in fiction and impossible worlds.
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  • Spinoza's Conatus Argument.Don Garrett - 2002 - In Olli Koistinen & J. I. Biro (eds.), Spinoza: Metaphysical Themes. Oxford University Press. pp. 127--58.
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  • Crane's Waterfal Illusion.D. H. Mellor - 1988 - Analysis 48 (3):147.
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  • Chimeras and Imaginary Objects: A Study in the Post-Medieval Theory of Signification.E. J. Ashworth - 1977 - Vivarium 15 (1):57-77.
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  • Spinoza and Language.David Savan - 1958 - Philosophical Review 67 (2):212-225.
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  • A Chimera Is a Chimera: A Medieval Tautology.Louise Nisbet Roberts - 1960 - Journal of the History of Ideas 21 (1/4):273.
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  • Spinoza on Error.Jonathan Bennett - 1986 - Philosophical Papers 15 (1):59-73.
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  • The Power of an Idea: Spinoza's Critique of Pure Will.Michael Della Rocca - 2003 - Noûs 37 (2):200-231.
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  • Spinoza's Language.Mogens Lærke - 2014 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (3):519-547.
    when reading spinoza’s Ethics,1 one comes upon a particularly disconcerting passage in Part Three. In an explication of two definitions of ‘favor’ (favor) and ‘indignation’ (indignatio), Spinoza writes,I know that in their common usage these words mean something else. But my purpose is to explain the nature of things, not the meaning of words. I intend to indicate these things by words whose meaning is not entirely opposed to the meaning with which I wish to use them. One warning of (...)
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  • The Problem of Alloglossia . Leibniz on Spinoza's Innovative Use of Philosophical Language.Mogens Lærke - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (5):939 – 953.
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  • Spinoza and the Philosophy of Science: Mathematics, Motion, and Being.Eric Schliesser - manuscript
    This chapter argues that the standard conception of Spinoza as a fellow-travelling mechanical philosopher and proto-scientific naturalist is misleading. It argues, first, that Spinoza’s account of the proper method for the study of nature presented in the Theological-Political Treatise (TTP) points away from the one commonly associated with the mechanical philosophy. Moreover, throughout his works Spinoza’s views on the very possibility of knowledge of nature are decidedly sceptical (as specified below). Third, in the seventeenth-century debates over proper methods in the (...)
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  • Spinoza.Don Garrett & R. J. Delahunty - 1987 - Philosophical Review 96 (4):610.
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  • Ens Rationis From Suárez to Caramuel: A Study in Scholasticism of the Baroque Era.Daniel Novotny - 2013 - Fordham University Press.
    In this groundbreaking book, Daniel D. Novotny explores one of the most controversial topics of Suarez's philosophy: "beings of reason." Beings of reason are impossible intentional objects, such as blindness and square-circle.
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  • On the Essence of Finite Being as Such, on the Existence of That Essence and Their Distinction =.Francisco Suárez - 1983 - Marquette University Press.
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  • Ultimate Reality in the Metaphysics of Francisco Suárez.Bernardo Cantens - 2002 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 25 (2):73-92.
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  • Descartes and Spinoza on Persistence and Conantus.Daniel Garber - 1995 - Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 10:43-67.
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  • Descartes and Spinoza on Persistance and Conatus.Daniel Garber - 1994 - Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 10:43-68.
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  • The Problem of Alloglossia. Leibniz on Spinoza's Innovative Use of Philosophical Language.Mogens Laerke - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (5):939-953.
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  • How Many Impossible Images Did Escher Produce?Chris Mortensen, Steve Leishman, Peter Quigley & Theresa Helke - 2013 - British Journal of Aesthetics 53 (4):425-441.
    In this article we address the question of how many impossible images Escher produced. To answer requires us first to clarify a range of concepts, including content, ambiguity, illusion, and impossibility. We then consider, and reject, several candidates for impossibility before settling on an answer.
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