Switch to: References

Citations of:

Cours de Philosophie Positive

Bachelier, ... (1830)

Add citations

You must login to add citations.
  1. Poincaré’s Classification of Hypotheses and Their Role in Natural Science.María de Paz - 2015 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (4):369-382.
    In the introduction to his famous book, La Science et l’hypothèse, Poincaré remarks on the necessary role and legitimacy of hypotheses. He establishes a triple classification of hypotheses, dividing them into verifiable, useful, and apparent. However, in chapter 9, entitled ‘Les hypothèses en physique’, he gives a slightly different triadic classification: natural hypotheses, indifferent hypotheses, and real generalizations. The origin of this second classification is a lecture given at the International Congress of Physics, Paris, 1900. What are the similarities and (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Science and History of Science: Between Comte and Canguilhem.Márcia H. M. Ferraz, Ana M. Alfonso-Goldfarb & Silvia Waisse - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:108.
    In the present article, we discuss the specificity of the object of the history of science as an autonomous and interdisciplinary field of studies by nature and origin, placed at the interface of history, epistemology and science, and focus on some key historiographical views. Within this context, Georges Canguilhem stands out for contributions such as calling the attention to the relevance of epistemology in science history research and the discontinuity-continuity antithesis, among many others. An accurate understanding of Canguilhem’s ideas demands (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The French Roots of Duhem’s Early Historiography and Epistemology.Bordoni Stefano - 2017 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 2:20.
    Pierre Duhem can be looked upon as one of the heirs of a tradition of historical and philosophical researches that flourished in the second half of the nineteenth century. This tradition opposed the naïve historiography and epistemology of the positivist school. Beside the positivists of different leanings such as Littré, Laffitte, Wyrouboff, and Berthelot, we find Cournot, Naville, and Tannery, who developed sophisticated histories and philosophies of science focusing on the real scientific practice and its history. They unfolded elements of (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Introspection.Eric Schwitzgebel - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  • Social Ontology.Brian Epstein - 2018 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Social ontology is the study of the nature and properties of the social world. It is concerned with analyzing the various entities in the world that arise from social interaction. -/- A prominent topic in social ontology is the analysis of social groups. Do social groups exist at all? If so, what sorts of entities are they, and how are they created? Is a social group distinct from the collection of people who are its members, and if so, how is (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Introspective Training Apprehensively Defended: Reflections on Titchener's Lab Manual.Eric Schwitzgebel - 2004 - In Anthony I. Jack (ed.), Journal of Consciousness Studies. Thorverton UK: Imprint Academic. pp. 11--7.
    To study conscious experience we must, to some extent, trust introspective reports; yet introspective reports often do not merit our trust. A century ago, E.B. Titchener advocated extensive introspective training as a means of resolving this difficulty. He describes many of his training techniques in his four-volume laboratory manual of 1901- 1905. This paper explores Titchener's laboratory manual with an eye to general questions about the prospects of introspective training for contemporary consciousness studies, with a focus on the following examples: (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • Pandemic Panic in Information Space: The Fact and its Ladennes.Alla Nerubasska & Oresta Lopuha - 2020 - Postmodern Openings 11 (1Sup2):93-99.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Nature and the Social Sciences: Examples From the Electricity and Waste Sectors.Mikael Klintman - unknown
    The book has two interrelated objectives. One objective is meta-theoretical and concerns the exploration of theoretical debates connected to issues of studying society and environmental problems; another objective is empirical/analytical, referring to the analysis of "green" public participation in the electricity and waste sectors in Sweden, and partly in the Netherlands as well as the UK. The metatheoretical part draws the conclusion that the ontology of critical realism, combined with a problem-subjectivist tenet, is a particularly fruitful basis for the social (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Scientific and Theological Realism.Alexander Bird - 2007 - In A. Moore & M. Scott (eds.), Realism and Religion. Ashgate. pp. 61-81.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • What Synergy Between Mathematics and Physics is Feasible or Imaginable at Different Level of Education?Michel Roland - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 5:100-132.
    For interdisciplinarity between physics and mathematics to take its proper place in secondary schools, its value must be demonstrated and used during the future teacher’s university education. We have observed from examples and surveys, however, that an ever-widening gulf is emerging between degree courses in mathematics and physics. This article therefore develops comparative approaches to some common concepts to demonstrate their complementarities from the angle of the relation between mechanics and analysis. The example of the differential, which is described as (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Working From Within: The Nature and Development of Quine's Naturalism.Sander Verhaegh - 2018 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    During the past few decades, a radical shift has occurred in how philosophers conceive of the relation between science and philosophy. A great number of analytic philosophers have adopted what is commonly called a ‘naturalistic’ approach, arguing that their inquiries ought to be in some sense continuous with science. Where early analytic philosophers often relied on a sharp distinction between science and philosophy—the former an empirical discipline concerned with fact, the latter an a priori discipline concerned with meaning—philosophers today largely (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Theological Underpinnings of the Modern Philosophy of Mathematics.Vladislav Shaposhnikov - 2016 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 44 (1):147-168.
    The study is focused on the relation between theology and mathematics in the situation of increasing secularization. My main concern in the second part of this paper is the early-twentieth-century foundational crisis of mathematics. The hypothesis that pure mathematics partially fulfilled the functions of theology at that time is tested on the views of the leading figures of the three main foundationalist programs: Russell, Hilbert and Brouwer.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Real Knowledge. The Problem of Content in Neural Epistemics.J. J. M. Sleutels - unknown
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • The Philosophy of Computer Science.Raymond Turner - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  • Popper's Revised Definition of Natural Necessity.W. A. Suchting - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (4):349-352.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Les origines de la distinction entre positif et normatif en économie.Philippe Mongin - 2018 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 116 (2):151–186.
    Abstract: Economists are accustomed to distinguishing between a positive and a normative component of their work, a distinction that is peculiar to their field, having no exact counterpart in the other social sciences. The distinction has substantially changed over time, and the different ways of understanding it today are reflective of its history. Our objective is to trace the origins and initial forms of the distinction, from the English classical political economy of the first half of the 19th century to (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Point of Positive Evidence—Reply to Professor Feyerabend.T. W. Settle - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (4):352-355.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Against Free Will in the Contemporary Natural Sciences.Martín López-Corredoira - 2016 - In Free Will: Interpretations, Implementations and Assessments. Nova Science Publ..
    The claim of the freedom of the will (understood as an individual who is transcendent to Nature) in the name of XXth century scientific knowledge, against the perspective of XVIIIth-XIXth century scientific materialism, is analysed and refuted in the present paper. The hypothesis of reductionism finds no obstacle within contemporary natural sciences. Determinism in classical physics is irrefutable, unless classical physics is itself refuted. From quantum mechanics, some authors argue that free will is possible because there is an ontological indeterminism (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • Contribución de la filosofía para la constitución de la psicología como ciencia.Luis López - 2014 - Sophia. Colección de Filosofía de la Educación 16:172-188.
    La relación existente entre filosofía y psicología se remonta a sus mismos orígenes, a lo largo del presente artículo analizaremos su relación en temas claves como la mente, el cerebro, la conciencia y los diversos fundamentos filosóficos en que se basan muchas aseveraciones de la psicología. También se analizará desde la perspectiva de la filosofía de la ciencia y la epistemología la evolución que ha tenido la psicología en sus distintos paradigmas, focalizados especialmente en el funcionalismo.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  • The Validity of First-Person Descriptions as Authenticity and Coherence.Claire Petitmengin - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (10-12):10-12.
    This article is devoted to the description of the experience associated with listening to a sound. In the first part, we describe the method we used to gather descriptions of auditory experience and to analyse these descriptions. This work of explicitation and analysis has enabled us to identify a threefold generic structure of this experience, depending on whether the attention of the subject is directed towards the event which is at the source of the sound, the sound in itself, considered (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  • Common Minds, Uncommon Thoughts: A Philosophical Anthropological Investigation of Uniquely Human Creative Behavior, with an Emphasis on Artistic Ability, Religious Reflection, and Scientific Study.Johan De Smedt - unknown
    The aim of this dissertation is to create a naturalistic philosophical picture of creative capacities that are specific to our species, focusing on artistic ability, religious reflection, and scientific study. By integrating data from diverse domains within a philosophical anthropological framework, I have presented a cognitive and evolutionary approach to the question of why humans, but not other animals engage in such activities. Through an application of cognitive and evolutionary perspectives to the study of these behaviors, I have sought to (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Laws of Nature, Natural History, and the Description of the World.James W. McAllister - 1997 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 11 (3):245 – 258.
    The modern sciences are divided into two groups: law-formulating and natural historical sciences. Sciences of both groups aim at describing the world, but they do so differently. Whereas the natural historical sciences produce “transcriptions” intended to be literally true of actual occurrences, laws of nature are expressive symbols of aspects of the world. The relationship between laws and the world thus resembles that between the symbols of classical iconography and the objects for which they stand. The natural historical approach was (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Introductory Outlines to Pierpaolo Donati's Relational Sociology, Part 1.Emmanuele Morandi - 2010 - Journal of Critical Realism 9 (2):208-226.
    To foster an adequate understanding of relational sociology, it is necessary to consider the theoretical grounds upon which it is based. The first aspect to highlight is the realist assumption of social relations as the causal force from which society originates. It is upon this decisive dimension that the difference between non-contingent and contingent aspects of the social is founded. Overlooking this difference issues in an inadequate understanding both of the autonomy of, and of the interaction between, actors and social (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • On the Distinction Between Self-Observation and Inner Perception.Franz Clemens Brentano - 2013 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 6 (1):4-7.
    The classical Brentano’s distinction between self-observation and inner perception is presented. In this text Brentano argues that the critics of self-observation are right when they attack self-observation, but that they are mistaken in concluding that as a consequence psychology cannot be based on the study of phenomena occurring in the internal sphere of consciousness. In his view their mistake is due to lack of conceptual clarity, in particular in the fact that they failed to distinguish self-observation from inner perception. In (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Methodological Pluralism, Armchair Introspection, and DES as the Epistemic Tribunal.Russell Hurlburt & Eric Schwitzgebel - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (1):253.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • Religion and Science.Alvin Plantinga - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • The Unity of Science.Jordi Cat - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations