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Naturalizing ethics

In Kelly James Clark (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Naturalism. London, UK: pp. 16-33 (2016)

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  1. Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism.David B. Wong - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    David B. Wong proposes that there can be a plurality of true moralities, moralities that exist across different traditions and cultures, all of which address facets of the same problem: how we are to live well together. Wong examines a wide array of positions and texts within the Western canon as well as in Chinese philosophy, and draws on philosophy, psychology, evolutionary theory, history, and literature, to make a case for the importance of pluralism in moral life, and to establish (...)
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  • Elbow Room: The Varieties of Free Will Worth Wanting.Daniel C. Dennett - 1984 - MIT Press.
    Essays discuss reason, self-control, self-definition, time, cause and effect, accidents, and responsibility, and explain why people want free will.
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  • Elbow Room: The Varieties of Free Will Worth Wanting.Gary Watson - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (9):517-522.
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  • Supervenience and Mind: Selected Philosophical Essays.William Seager - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (3):730-733.
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  • Human Nature and Conduct: An Introduction to Social Psychology.C. E. Ayres - 1922 - Journal of Philosophy 19 (17):469-475.
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  • Sources of the Self.Allen W. Wood - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (3):621.
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  • Sources of the Self.J. B. Schneewind - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (8):422-426.
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  • Varieties of Moral Personality: Ethics and Psychological Realism.Jennifer Whiting - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (3):435.
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  • Liaisons: Philosophy Meets the Cognitive and Social Sciences.Andrew Pessin - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (175):255-257.
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  • Ethics Without Ontology.S. McGrath - 2004 - Philosophical Review 115 (4):533-535.
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  • Furnishing the Mind: Concepts and Their Perceptual Basis.Andrew Woodfield - 2002 - Mind 113 (449):210-214.
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  • The Illusion of Conscious Will.R. Holton - 2004 - Mind 113 (449):218-221.
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  • The Myth of Morality.Hallvard Lillehammer - 2001 - Mind 113 (452):760-763.
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  • Three Rival Versions of Moral Enquiry: Encyclopedia, Genealogy, and Tradition.Terry Pinkard - 1990 - Ethics 102 (1):162-164.
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  • Ethics without Ontology.[author unknown] - 2004 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 68 (2):401-403.
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  • Naturalism.O. K. Bouwsma - 1948 - Journal of Philosophy 45 (1):12-22.
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  • Moral Reasons: Internal and External.David B. Wong - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (3):536 - 558.
    The view defended is one sense externalist on the relation between moral reasons and motivation: A's having a moral reason to do X does not necessarily imply that A has a motivation that would support A's doing X via some appropriate deliberative route. However, it is in another sense externalist in holding that there are the kind of moral reasons there are only if the relevant motivational capacities are "generally present" in human beings, if not in all individuals. The process (...)
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  • Passions of the Soul.René Descartes - 1989 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    _TABLE OF CONTENTS:_ Translator's Introduction Introduction by Genevieve Rodis-Lewis _The Passions of the Sou_l: Preface PART I: About the Passions in General, and Incidentally about the Entire Nature of Man PART II: About the Number and Order of the Passions, and the Explanation of the Six Primitives PART III: About the Particular Passions Lexicon: Index to Lexicon Bibliography Index Index Locorum.
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  • Why Reason Can't Be Naturalized.Hilary Putnam - 1985 - In Synthese. Cambridge University Press. pp. 3-24.
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  • Why Reason Can't Be Naturalized.Hilary Putnam - 1982 - Synthese 52 (1):229--47.
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  • Epistemology Naturalized.W. V. Quine - 1969 - In Ontological Relativity and Other Essays. New York: Columbia University Press.
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  • A Field Guide to Recent Species of Naturalism.A. Rosenberg - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):1-29.
    This review of recent work in the philosophy of science motivated by a commitment to 'naturalism' begins by identifying three key axioms and one theorem shared by philosophers thus self-styled. Owing much to Quine and Ernest Nagel, these philosophers of science share a common agenda with naturalists elsewhere in philosophy. But they have disagreed among themselves about how the axioms and the theorems they share settle long-standing disputes in the philosophy of science. After expounding these disagreements in the work of (...)
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  • The Naturalists Return.Philip Kitcher - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (1):53-114.
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  • Epistemology and Cognition.Alvin Goldman - 1986 - Mind 96 (382):273-278.
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  • Natural Ethical Facts: Evolution, Connectionism, and Moral Cognition.William Casebeer - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):532-534.
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  • Mind and World.John Mcdowell - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (182):99-109.
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  • The Charm of Naturalism.Barry Stroud - 1996 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 70 (2):43 - 55.
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  • Pluralistic Relativism.David B. Wong - 1995 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 20 (1):378-399.
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  • Naturalism.Charles Pigden - 1991 - In Peter Singer (ed.), A Companion to Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 421-431.
    Survey article on Naturalism dealing with Hume's NOFI (including Prior's objections), Moore's Naturalistic Fallacy and the Barren Tautology Argument. Naturalism, as I understand it, is a form of moral realism which rejects fundamental moral facts or properties. Thus it is opposed to both non-cognitivism, and and the error theory but also to non-naturalism. General conclusion: as of 1991: naturalism as a program has not been refuted though none of the extant versions look particularly promising.
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  • Moral Realism.Peter Railton - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (2):163-207.
    The question of moral realismwhether our ethical beliefs rest on some objective foundationis one that mattered as much to Aristotle as it does to us today, and his writings on this topic continue to provide inspiration for the contemporary debate. This volume of essays expands the fruitful conversation among scholars of ancient philosophy and contemporary ethical theorists on this question and related issues such as the virtues, justice, and Aristotles theory of tragedy.The distinguished contributors to this volume enrich and clarify (...)
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  • The Oxford Companion to Philosophy.Ted Honderich (ed.) - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Offering clear and reliable guidance to the ideas of philosophers from antiquity to the present day and to the major philosophical systems around the globe, he Oxford Companion to Philosophy is the definitive philosophical reference work for readers at all levels. For ten years the original volume has served as a stimulating introduction for general readers and as an indispensable guide for students and scholars. A distinguished international assembly of 249 philosophers contributed almost 2,000 entries, and many of these have (...)
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  • Enquiries Concerning the Human Understanding and Concerning the Principles of Morals.David Hume - 1777 - Greenwood Press.
    A scholarly edition of a work by David Hume. The edition presents an authoritative text, together with an introduction, commentary notes, and scholarly apparatus.
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  • The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex.Charles Darwin - 1898 - Plume.
    The most accessible edition ever published of Darwin’s incendiary classic, edited by “as fine a science essayist as we have” ( New York Times ) The Descent of Man , Darwin’s second landmark work on evolutionary theory (following The Origin of the Species ), marked a turning point in the history of science with its modern vision of human nature as the product of evolution. Darwin argued that the noblest features of humans, such as language and morality, were the result (...)
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  • .Peter Railton - 1985 - Rowman & Littlefield.
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  • Liaisons: Philosophy Meets the Cognitive and Social Sciences.Alvin Goldman - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (1):215-224.
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  • Whose Justice? Which Rationality?Alasdair Macintyre - 1988 - Journal of Religious Ethics 16 (2):363-363.
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  • Supervenience and Mind: Selected Philosophical Essays.Jaegwon Kim - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (4):579-607.
    For three decades the writings of Jaegwon Kim have had a major influence in philosophy of mind and in metaphysics. Sixteen of his philosophical papers, together with several new postscripts, are collected in Kim [1993]. The publication of this collection prompts the present essay. After some preliminary remarks in the opening section, in Section 2 I will briefly describe Kim's philosophical 'big picture' about the relation between the mental and the physical. In Section 3 I will situate Kim's approach on (...)
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  • Three Rival Versions of Moral Enquiry.Alasdair Macintyre - 1991 - Mind 100 (3):400-403.
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  • Freedom and Action.Roderick Chisholm - 1966 - In Keith Lehrer (ed.), Freedom and Determinism. Random House.
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  • God?: A Debate Between a Christian and an Atheist.William Lane Craig - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    The question of whether or not God exists is endlessly fascinating and profoundly important. Now two articulate spokesmen--one a Christian, the other an atheist--duel over God's existence in a lively and illuminating battle of ideas. In God?, William Lane Craig and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong bring to the printed page two debates they held before live audiences, preserving all the wit, clarity, and immediacy of their public exchanges. With none of the opaque discourse of academic logicians and divinity-school theologians, the authors make (...)
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  • Ethics Naturalized: Ethics as Human Ecology.Owen Flanagan - 1996 - In L. May, Michael Friedman & A. Clark (eds.), Mind and Morals: Essays on Ethics and Cognitive Science. MIT Press. pp. 19--44.
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  • Is Darwin Right?Keith Sutherland & Jordan Hughes - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (7):63-79.
    Review of Larry Arnhart, ‘Darwinian Natural Right: The Biological Ethics of Human Nature’, plus response from Larry Arnhart.
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