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Truth­-Makers

Swiss Philosophical Preprints (2009)

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  1. Framework for Formal Ontology.Barry Smith & Kevin Mulligan - 1983 - Topoi 2 (1):73-85.
    The discussions which follow rest on a distinction, first expounded by Husserl, between formal logic and formal ontology. The former concerns itself with (formal) meaning-structures; the latter with formal structures amongst objects and their parts. The paper attempts to show how, when formal ontological considerations are brought into play, contemporary extensionalist theories of part and whole, and above all the mereology of Leniewski, can be generalised to embrace not only relations between concrete objects and object-pieces, but also relations between what (...)
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  • An Essay in Formal Ontology.Barry Smith - 1978 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 6:39-62.
    As conceived by analytic philosophers ontology consists in the application of the methods of mathematical logic to the analysis of ontological discourse. As conceived by realist philosophers such as Meinong and the early Husserl, Reinach and Ingarden, it consists in the investigation of the forms of entities of various types. The suggestion is that formal methods be employed by phenomenological ontologists, and that phenomenological insights may contribute to the construction of adequate formal-ontological languages. The paper sketches an account of what (...)
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  • Unsaturatedness.Peter M. Simons - 1981 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 14 (1):73-95.
    Frege's obscure key concept of the unsaturatedness of functions is clarified with the help of the concepts of dependent and independent parts and foundation relations used by Husserl in describing the ontology of complex wholes. Sentential unity in Frege, Husserl and Wittgenstein: all have a similar explanation. As applied to linguistic expressions, the terms 'unsaturated' and 'incomplete' are ambiguous: they may mean the ontological property of Unselbständigkeit, inability to exist alone, or the property of being what categorial grammar calls a (...)
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  • Unsaturatedness.Peter M. Simons - 1981 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 14 (1):73-95.
    Frege's obscure key concept of the unsaturatedness of functions is clarified with the help of the concepts of dependent and independent parts and foundation relations used by Husserl in describing the ontology of complex wholes. Sentential unity in Frege, Husserl and Wittgenstein: all have a similar explanation. As applied to linguistic expressions, the terms 'unsaturated' and 'incomplete' are ambiguous: they may mean the ontological property of Unselbständigkeit, inability to exist alone, or the property of being what categorial grammar calls a (...)
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  • Individuals: An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics.P. F. Strawson - 1959 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (2):320-323.
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  • The Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence.H. G. Alexander - 1956 - Philosophy of Science 24 (4):367-369.
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  • The First Person: An Essay on Reference and Intentionality.Roderick M. Chisholm - 1981 - Noûs 19 (1):122-129.
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  • Subject and Predicate in Logic and Grammar.P. F. Strawson - 1974 - Philosophy 50 (194):481-483.
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  • Meaning and the Moral Sciences.Hilary Putnam - 1978 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (115):176-178.
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  • Entailment: The Logic of Relevance and Necessity.Alan Ross Anderson - 1975 - Princeton University Press.
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  • Essays on Actions and Events.Donald Davidson - 1970 - Clarendon Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Essay 1.
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  • Objects of Thought.A. N. Prior, P. T. Geach & A. J. P. Kenny - 1971 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 165 (1):85-86.
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  • Individuals.P. F. Strawson - 1959 - Routledge.
    Since its publication in 1959, Individuals has become a modern philosophical classic. Bold in scope and ambition, it continues to influence debates in metaphysics, philosophy of logic and language, and epistemology. Peter Strawson's most famous work, it sets out to describe nothing less than the basic subject matter of our thought. It contains Strawson's now famous argument for descriptive metaphysics and his repudiation of revisionary metaphysics, in which reality is something beyond the world of appearances. Throughout, Individuals advances some highly (...)
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  • Three Philosophers.G. E. M. Anscombe - 1961 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
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  • Frege.Michael Dummett - 1975 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 5 (2):149-188.
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  • Logic, Form and Matter.Barry Smith & David Murray - 1981 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 55 (1):47 - 74.
    It is argued, on the basis of ideas derived from Wittgenstein's Tractatus and Husserl's Logical Investigations, that the formal comprehends more than the logical. More specifically: that there exist certain formal-ontological constants (part, whole, overlapping, etc.) which do not fall within the province of logic. A two-dimensional directly depicting language is developed for the representation of the constants of formal ontology, and means are provided for the extension of this language to enable the representation of certain materially necessary relations. The (...)
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  • Parts and Moments: Studies in Logic and Formal Ontology.Barry Smith (ed.) - 1982 - Philosophia Verlag.
    A collection of material on Husserl's Logical Investigations, and specifically on Husserl's formal theory of parts, wholes and dependence and its influence in ontology, logic and psychology. Includes translations of classic works by Adolf Reinach and Eugenie Ginsberg, as well as original contributions by Wolfgang Künne, Kevin Mulligan, Gilbert Null, Barry Smith, Peter M. Simons, Roger A. Simons and Dallas Willard. Documents work on Husserl's ontology arising out of early meetings of the Seminar for Austro-German Philosophy.
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  • Pieces of a Theory.Barry Smith & Kevin Mulligan - 1982 - In Parts and Moments: Studies in Logic and Formal Ontology. Munich: Philosophia Verlag. pp. 15-109.
    A survey of theories of part, whole and dependence from Aristotle to the Gestalt psychologists, with special attention to Husserl’s Third Logical Investigation “On the Theory of Parts and Wholes”.
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  • A Leśniewskian Language for the Nominalistic Theory of Substance and Accident.Peter Simons - 1983 - Topoi 2 (1):99-109.
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  • Concerning the Logic of Predicate Modifiers.Romane Clark - 1970 - Noûs 4 (4):311-335.
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  • Wittgenstein's `Tractatus'.G. D. Duthie & Erik Stenius - 1962 - Philosophical Quarterly 12 (49):371.
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  • The Case Against Events.Terence Horgan - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (1):28-47.
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  • Brentano's Conception of Substance and Accident.Roderick M. Chisholm - 1978 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:197-210.
    Brentano uses terms in place of predicates (e.g. "a thinker" in place of "thinks") and characterizes the "is" of predication in terms of the part-whole relation. Taking as his ontological data certain intentional phenomena that are apprehended with certainty, he conceives the substance-accident relation as a defmeable type of part-whole relation which we can apprehend in "inner perception". He is then able to distinguish the following types of individual or ens reale: substances; primary individuals which are not substances; accidents; aggregates; (...)
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  • A More General Theory of Definite Descriptions.Richard Sharvy - 1980 - Philosophical Review 89 (4):607-624.
    A unified theory is offered to account for three types of definite descriptions: with singular, plural, & mass predicates, & to provide an account for the word the in descriptions. It is noted that B. Russell's analysis ("On Denoting," Mind, 1905, 14, 479-493) failed to account for plural & mass descriptions. The proposed theory differs from Russell's only by the substitution of the notation (less than or equal to) for Russell's =. It is suggested that for every predicate G there (...)
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  • Some Formal Moments of Truth.Barry Smith - 1982 - In Werner Leinfellner (ed.), Language and Ontology. Vienna: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky / Reidel. pp. 186-90.
    A preliminary statement of the formal theory of the truthmaker relation advanced in the paper “Truth-makers” (Mulligan, Simons and Smith) in 1984. Correspondence theories of truth have. I give a brief account of some more or less obvious formal characteristics of this almost forgotten basic truthmaker relation. I then attempt to show how this account may be extended to provide elements of a theory of truth which is in keeping with the spirit of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus.
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  • Russell's Logical Atomism.Bertrand Russell - 1972 - London: Fontana.
    The philosophy of logical atomism.--Logical atomism.
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  • Three Philosophers.Alan Donagan, G. E. M. Anscombe & P. T. Geach - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (3):399.
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  • The Semantic Conception of Truth and the Foundations of Semantics.Alfred Tarski - 1944 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 9 (3):68-68.
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  • Erfahrung Und Urteil: Untersuchungen Zur Genealogie der Logik.Edmund Husserl - 1939 - Journal of Philosophy 36 (9):247-249.
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  • Wittgenstein's Tractatus.Erik Stenius - 1961 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 16 (2):277-278.
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  • Meinong's Theory of Objects and Values.J. N. Findlay - 1967 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 21 (4):628-629.
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  • Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkte.F. Brentano - 1876 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 1:209-213.
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  • Symposium: Are the Characteristics of Particular Things Universal or Particular?G. E. Moore, G. F. Stout & G. Dawes Hicks - 1923 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 3:95-128.
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  • Aquinas.Anthony Kenny - 1981 - Critica 13 (38):109-113.
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  • Statement and Inference.John Cook Wilson - 1926 - Annalen der Philosophie Und Philosophischen Kritik 5 (8):229-229.
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  • The Elements of Being.Donald Cary Williams - 1953 - Review of Metaphysics 7 (2):3-18, 171-92.
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  • Ontology and the Logistic Analysis of Language.Guido Küng - 1967 - Dordrecht: D. Reidel.
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  • Psychologische Studien Zur Elementaren Logik.E. G. Husserl - 1895 - Philosophical Review 4:94.
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  • Aquinas.Anthony Kenny - 1969 - Garden City, N.Y., Anchor Books.
    The historical context of the philosophical work of St. Thomas Aquinas, by D. Knowles.--Form and existence, by P. Geach.--Categories, by H. McCabe.--Analogy as a rule of meaning for religious language, by J. F. Ross.--Nominalism, by P. Geach.--St. Thomas' doctrine of necessary being, by P. Brown.--The proof ex motu for the existence of God; logical analysis of St. Thomas' arguments, by J. Salamucha.--Infinite causal regression, by P. Brown.--St. Thomas Aquinas and the language of total dependence, by J. N. Deck.--Divine foreknowledge and (...)
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  • On Universals.Nicholas Wolterstorff - 1970 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
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  • Über den Psychologischen Ursprung der Raumvorstellung.Carl Stumpf - 1873 - S. Hirzel.
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  • Particulars and Their Qualities.Douglas C. Long - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (72):193-206.
    Berkeley, Hume, and Russell rejected the traditional analysis of substances in terms of qualities which are supported by an "unknowable substratum." To them the proper alternative seemed obvious. Eliminate the substratum in which qualities are alleged to inhere, leaving a bundle of coexisting qualities--a view that we may call the Bundle Theory or BT. But by rejecting only part of the traditional substratum theory instead of replacing it entirely, Bundle Theories perpetuate certain confusions which are found in the Substratum Doctrine. (...)
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  • Metaphysics: An Introduction.Keith Campbell - 1976 - Dickenson.
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  • Das Kontinuum.H. Weyl - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):282-284.
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  • A Note on Le'sniewski and Free Logic.Peter Simons - 1981 - Logique Et Analyse 24 (95):415-420.
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  • Number and Manifolds.Peter Simons - 1982 - In Barry Smith (ed.), Parts and Moments: Studies in Logic and Formal Ontology. Philosophia Verlag. pp. 160--98.
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