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  1. Studies in the Way of Words.Paul Grice - 1989 - Synthese 84 (1):153-161.
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  • An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.John Locke - 1979 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 169 (2):221-222.
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  • A Reply to My Critics.George Edward Moore - 1942 - In Paul Arthur Schilpp (ed.), The Philosophy of G. E. Moore. Open Court.
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  • Nicomachean Ethics.Terence Aristotle & Irwin - 1999
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  • The Complete Works of Aristotle the Revised Oxford Translation.Jonathan Aristotle, J. A. Barnes, W. D. Smith & Ross - 1984 - Princeton University Press, 1984.
    The Oxford Translation of Aristotle was originally published in 12 volumes between 1912 and 1954. It is universally recognized as the standard English version of Aristotle. This revised edition contains the substance of the original Translation, slightly emended in light of recent scholarship three of the original versions have been replaced by new translations and a new and enlarged selection of Fragments has been added. The aim of the translation remains the same: to make the surviving works of Aristotle readily (...)
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  • Studies in the Way of Words.Paul Grice - 1989 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (160):393-395.
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  • The Ad Hominem Argument as an Informal Fallacy.Douglas N. Walton - 1987 - Argumentation 1 (3):317-331.
    This article outlines criteria for the evaluation of the argumentum ad hominem (argument against the person, or personal attack in argument) that is traditionally a part of the curriculum in informal logic. The argument is shown to be a kind of criticism which works by shifting the burden of proof in dialogue through citing a pragmatic inconsistency in an arguer's position. Several specific cases of ad hominem argumentation which pose interesting problems in analyzing this type of criticism are studied.
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  • The Place of Emotion in Argument.Douglas WALTON - 1992 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 29 (1):84-86.
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  • Aristotle. De motu animalium. Ed. and trans. with interpretive essays by M. C. Nussbaum. Princeton: the University Press. 1978. Pp. xxiii + 430. £18.90.Malcolm Schofield - 1981 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 101:156.
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  • Hypocrisy and Self‐Deception.Daniel Statman - 1997 - Philosophical Psychology 10 (1):57-75.
    Hypocrites are generally regarded as morally-corrupt, cynical egoists who consciously and deliberately deceive others in order to further their own interests. The purpose of my essay is to present a different view. I argue that hypocrisy typically involves or leads to self-deception and, therefore, that real hypocrites are hard to find. One reason for this merging of hypocrisy into self-deception is that a consistent and conscious deception of society is self-defeating from the point of view of egoistical hypocrites. The best (...)
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  • Non-Cooperation in Dialogue Logic.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2001 - Synthese 127 (1-2):161 - 186.
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  • Ad Hominem Arguments in Practical Argumentation.Eerik Lagerspetz - 1995 - Argumentation 9 (2):363-370.
    This paper is ultimately about the nature of argumentation in general and about the nature of practical argumentation in particular. (Practical argumentation is the form of argumentation which aims at answering the question: ‘What is to be done?’) The approach adopted here is an indirect one. I analyze one traditional form of argumentive fallacyargumentum ad hominem and try to show that in some argumentative situations it is an intuitively legitimate move. These intuitions can be explained if we accept that practical (...)
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  • Philosophy and Argumentum Ad Hominem.Henry W. Johnstone Jr - 1952 - Journal of Philosophy 49 (15):489-498.
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  • Expert Advice and Argumentation: Some Remarks on the Work of Douglas Walton.Frans A. J. Birrer - 2001 - Argumentation 15 (3):267-276.
    Appeal to expert judgement has become a wide-spread and unavoidable element in public debates in modern society. The many and fundamental argumentative complications that they raise have not received proportional attention in argumentation studies so far. A prominent exception is a recent book by Douglas Walton, devoted entirely to arguments involving expert opinion . Confronting some examples from the field of Science and Society with Walton's earlier work, the need can be traced for a more elaborate and sophisticated treatment of (...)
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  • Ad Hominem Arguments.Douglas Walton - 1998 - University Alabama Press.
    Walton gives a clear method for analyzing and evaluating cases of ad hominem arguments found in everyday argumentation.
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  • Hypocrisy.Dan Turner - 1990 - Metaphilosophy 21 (3):262-269.
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  • Arguments About Arguments: Systematic, Critical, and Historical Essays in Logical Theory.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    Following an approach that is empirical but not psychological, and dialectical but not dialogical, in this book Maurice Finocchiaro defines concepts such as reasoning, argument, argument analysis, critical reasoning, methodological reflection, judgment, critical thinking, and informal logic. Including extended critiques of the views of many contemporary scholars, he also integrates into the discussion Arnauld's Port-Royal Logic, Gramsci's theory of intellectuals, and case studies from the history of science, particularly the work of Galileo, Newton, Huygens, and Lavoisier.
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  • Hypocrisy and Moral Seriousness.Roger Crisp & Christopher J. Cowton - 1994 - American Philosophical Quarterly 31 (4):343 - 349.
    The word 'hypocrisy' has its root in the classical Greek verb 'hupokrinesthai', 'to answer'. In Attic Greek, the verb could mean 'to speak in dialogue' and hence 'to play a part on the stage'. From here it was a short route to the 'hypokrisia' with which the Pharisees are charge in the Gospel of St. Matthew. Accusations of hypocrisy are surprisingly common in our culture, both at the personal and the political level. Judith Shklar goes so far as to characterise (...)
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  • Logic.Wesley C. Salmon - 1977 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 42 (1):107-108.
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  • Argumentation, Communication, and Fallacies: A Pragma-Dialectical Perspective.Frans H. van Eemeren & Rob Grootendorst - 1995 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 28 (4):426-430.
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  • Elements of logic.Richard Whately - 1990 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 180 (4):720-720.
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  • Informal Logic, a Handbook for Critical Argumentation.Douglas N. Walton - 1993 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 26 (1):48-52.
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  • Appeal to Expert Opinion: Arguments From Authority.Douglas Walton - 1999 - Philosophy 74 (289):454-457.
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  • Non-Cooperation In Dialogue Logic.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2001 - Synthese 127 (1):161-186.
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  • Formal Logic or, the Calculus of Inference, Necessary and Probable.Augustus De Morgan - 1847 - Taylor & Walton.
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  • Appeal to Expert Opinion: Arguments From Authority.Douglas Walton - 1997 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    A new pragmatic approach, based on the latest developments in argumentation theory, analyzing appeal to expert opinion as a form of argument. Reliance on authority has always been a common recourse in argumentation, perhaps never more so than today in our highly technological society when knowledge has become so specialized—as manifested, for instance, in the frequent appearance of "expert witnesses" in courtrooms. When is an appeal to the opinion of an expert a reasonable type of argument to make, and when (...)
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  • Hypocrisy: Ethical Investigations.Béla Szabados & Eldon Soifer - 2004 - Broadview Press.
    What is a hypocrite? What role does hypocrisy play in our lives? Why is it thought to be such an ugly vice? Is it ever acceptable? What do we lose in our indifference to it? Hypocrisy: Ethical Investigations seeks to illuminate the concept of hypocrisy by exploring its multiple roles in our moral and political lives and struggles. The authors provide a critical examination of a wide range of perspectives on the nature, varieties, and significance of hypocrisy, arguing that it (...)
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  • On Practicing What We Preach.Saul Smilansky - 1994 - American Philosophical Quarterly 31 (1):73 - 79.
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  • Elements of Logic.Richard Whately - 1827 - Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints.
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