Results for 'ICD-10'

963 found
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  1. Causal Classification of Diseases.Andrej Poleev - 2020
    Errors are the greatest obstacles to the progress of science; to correct such errors is of more practical value than to achieve new knowledge,“ asserted Eugen Bleuler. (...)
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  2. Phenomenological Psychopathology and Psychiatric Classification.Anthony Vincent Fernandez - 2019 - In Giovanni Stanghellini, Matthew Broome, Anthony Vincent Fernandez, Paolo Fusar-Poli, Andrea Raballo & René Rosfort (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology. Oxford, UK: pp. 1016-1030.
    In this chapter, I provide an overview of phenomenological approaches to psychiatric classification. My aim is to encourage and facilitate philosophical debate over the best ways to (...)
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  3. In What Sense Are Mental Disorders Brain Disorders? Explicating the Concept of Mental Disorder Within RDoC.Marko Jurjako & Luca Malatesti - 2020 - Phenomenology and Mind 18:182-198.
    Recently there has been a trend of moving towards biological and neurocognitive based classifications of mental disorders that is motivated by a dissatisfaction with the syndrome-based (...)classifications of mental disorders. The Research Domain Criteria (indicated with the acronym RDoC) represents a bold and systematic attempt to foster this advancement. However, RDoC faces theoretical and conceptual issues that need to be addressed. Some of these difficulties emerge when we reflect on the plausible reading of the sloganmental disorders are brain disorders”, that according to proponents of RDoC constitutes one of its main presuppositions. Some authors think that endorsing this idea commits RDoC to a form of biological reductionism. We offer empirical and theoretical considerations for concluding that the slogan above should not be read as a reductionist thesis. We argue, instead, that the slogan has a pragmatic function whose aim is to direct research in psychopathology. We show how this function might be captured in the framework of a Carnapian explication as a methodological tool for conceptual engineering. Thus, we argue that a charitable interpretation of the aims of the proponents of RDoC should be understood as an attempt at providing an explication of the concept of mental disorder in terms of brain disorder whose main goal is to provide a more precise and fruitful notion that is expected to have a beneficial impact on classification, research, and treatment of psychiatric conditions. (shrink)
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  4. The Humanistic Paradigm and Bio-Psyhco-Social Approach as a Basis of Social Support for People with Mental Health Problems.Nataliia Bondarenko - 2018 - Psychology and Psychosocial Interventions 1:8-14.
    The article discusses the actual problem of social support for people with mental health problems, which has an important place in the study field of social psychology (...)
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  5. 10 The Evolution of Strategic Thinking.Adam Morton - 2000 - In Peter Carruthers & A. Chamberlain (eds.), Evolution and the Human Mind: Modularity, Language and Meta-Cognition. Cambridge University Press. pp. 218.
    I discuss ways in which innate human psychology facilitates the quasi-game-theoretical reasoning required for group life.
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  6. 10 Constructivism: the Social Construction of Scientific Knowledge.D. Wade Hands - 2004 - In John Bryan Davis & Alain Marciano (eds.), The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy. Edward Elgar. pp. 197.
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  7.  21
    10 Jahre Missbrauchskrise.Godehard Brüntrup - 2020 - Stimmen der Zeit 11 (145):1 - 2.
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  8.  50
    Chapter 10: Preserving Authenticity in Virtual Heritage, Virtual Heritage: A Guide.Erik M. Champion - 2021 - London: Ubiquity Press.
    Virtual heritage has been explained as virtual reality applied to cultural heritage, but this definition only scratches the surface of the fascinating applications, tools and challenges of (...)
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  9.  53
    Cuba Recuerdos y reflexiones personales sobre la Zafra de los 10 millones.José Ramón Fabelo Corzo - 2021 - KAOS EN LA RED (XX):5.
    Partiendo del recuerdo de la zafra de los 10 millones y la influencia que tuvo en la sociedad cubana, se expone dicha vivencia, comparándola con la actual (...)
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  10.  83
    Book Review: 10% Less Democracy: Why You Should Trust Elites a Little More and the Masses a Little Less by Garett Jones[REVIEW]Uğur Aytaç - 2021 - Democratic Theory 8:128-132.
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  11. Komentarz do kwestii 10. O wieczności Boga (Introduction to Question 10 of Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologiae "The Eternity of God").Zbigniew Nerczuk - 1999 - In Gabriela Kurylewicz, Zbigniew Nerczuk & Mikołaj Olszewski (eds.), Św. Tomasz z Akwinu, Traktat o Bogu. Znak. pp. 553-575.
    This is the introduction to the Question 10 (The Eternity of God) of St. Thomas Aquinas' "Summa Theologiae".
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  12. Aristotle on the Purity of Forms in Metaphysics Z.1011.Samuel Meister - 2020 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):1-33.
    Aristotle analyses a large range of objects as composites of matter and form. But how exactly should we understand the relation between the matter and form of (...)
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  13.  47
    10 ani de la Declarația comună privind Parteneriatul Strategic pentru secolul XXI între România și Statele Unite ale Americii.Alexandru Cristian - 2021 - Encyclopedia of Romanian-American Relations.
    Istoria ne-a demonstrat statele învecinatese se războiesc mai mult iar cele care nu au frontieră comună pot fi într-o relație politică și diplomatică excelentă. Statele (...) Unite ale Americii și România și-au construit relația în jurul așezării geografice și a comerțului. Tânărul stat american era concentrat pe dezvoltare, iar poziția geografică a țării noastre la gurile Dunării a fost un imbold în a dezvolta relații comerciale cu Principatele Române. (shrink)
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  14. 10 Keys for an Effective Use of Twitter as a Political Communication Channel.Alfonso Chaves Montero - 2017 - Sevilla: Fénix.
    This article is focused on a correct use of the social network Twitter in political communication in order to be effective and create social active participation channels. (...)
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  15.  97
    Aristotle's Categories, why 10?Alexandre Losev - 2019 - Philosophical Alternatives (6):101-111.
    Aristotles categories are presented as a system relying on logic and syntax instead of on meanings. His square of oppositions is found to be of crucial (...)importance. (shrink)
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  16. Time: M 10.169-247 - Notes On Sceptical Method and Doxographical Transmission in Sextus Empiricus' Chapters on Time.Susanne Bobzien - 2015 - In Keimpe Algra & Katerina Ierodiakonou (eds.), Sextus Empiricus and ancient physics. Cambridge University Press.
    ABSTRACT: For the most part, this paper is not a philosophical paper in any strict sense. Rather, it focuses on the numerous exegetical puzzles in Sextus Empiricus (...)
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  17.  32
    Orality and Literacy 10. R. Scodel Between Orality and Literacy: Communication and Adaptation in Antiquity. Orality and Literacy in the Ancient World, Vol. 10. Pp. X + 387, Ills. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2014. Cased, €134, Us$174. Isbn: 978-90-04-26912-5[REVIEW]Wei Cheng - 2016 - The Classical Review 66 (1):5-7.
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  18.  55
    the Mirror BRAIN - MIND.Ronny Verlet - 10/04/2021 - Koksijde:
    The biological Brain createst the mental Mind. Today our collective Mind becomes so fascinated by its source, the Brain, that all sciences incorporate neuro models in their (...)
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  19. La demostración por la causa eficiente en Sobre la generación y la corrupción 2. 10 de Aristóteles.Manuel Berron - 2016 - Circe de Clásicos y Modernos 20 (1):35-48.
    Tomamos como texto de referencia Sobre la generación y la corrupción 2. 10 para establecer el uso de la demostración científica. Aristóteles establece los principios de la (...)
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  20. The Practical Life, the Contemplative Life, and the Perfect Eudaimonia in Aristotles Nicomachean Ethics 10.7-8.Timothy Roche - 2019 - Logos and Episteme 10 (1):31-49.
    Two views continue to be defended today. One is that the account of eudaimonia in EN 10 is inconsistent with claims made about it in other books (...)
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  21.  33
    Association Between IL-10 Levels With Plasmodim Falciparum Related to Age Groups and Density of Infection Among Sudanese Patients- Khartoum State- Sudan.Ibrahim Mohammed Eisa, Tayseer Elamin Mohamed Elfaki, Mohamed Mobarak Elbasheir & Mohammed Ahmed Ibrahim - 2019 - International Journal of Academic Health and Medical Research (IJAHMR) 3 (1):15-19.
    Abstract: A complex parasite such as human Plasmodium is likely to generate a variety of substances that injure the hosts directly or cause immunopathology. In malaria, a (...)
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  22.  63
    Frege on Referentiality and Julius Caesar in Grundgesetze Section 10.Bruno Bentzen - 2019 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 60 (4):617-637.
    This paper aims to answer the question of whether or not Frege's solution limited to value-ranges and truth-values proposed to resolve the "problem of (...)indeterminacy of reference" in section 10 of Grundgesetze is a violation of his principle of complete determination, which states that a predicate must be defined to apply for all objects in general. Closely related to this doubt is the common allegation that Frege was unable to solve a persistent version of the Caesar problem for value-ranges. It is argued that, in Freges standards of reducing arithmetic to logic, his solution to the indeterminacy does not give rise to any sort of Caesar problem in the book. (shrink)
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  23. Making Sorrow Sweet: Emotion and Empathy in the Experience of Fiction. In A. Houen (Ed.), Affect and Literature (Cambridge Critical Concepts, Pp. 190-210). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Doi:10.1017/9781108339339.011.A. E. Denham, A. E. Denham & A. Denham - 2020 - In Denham, A. (2020). Making Sorrow Sweet: Emotion and Empathy in the Experience of Fiction. In A. Houen (Ed.), Affect and Literature (Cambridge Critical Concepts, pp. 190-210). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781108339339.011. Cambridge, UK: pp. 190-210.
    The nature and consequences of readersaffective engagement with literature has, in recent years, captured the attention of experimental psychologists and philosophers alike. Psychological studies have focused (...)
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  24. Review of Kierkegaards Journals and Notebooks: Volume 10, Journals NB31NB36[REVIEW]Subhasis Chattopadhyay - 2020 - Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened India 125 (07):570-571.
    "Kierkegaards output is vast and earlier, was not available in English. Had they been available then certainly [Edith] Stein, [Simone] Weil, [Hannah] Arendt, and [Susan] Neiman (...) would have constructed their theodicies around Kierkegaard more fully, abandoning the charlatanism of Martin Heideggers Nazi histrionics. These Princeton hardbacks, handsomely bound, with appealing fonts and meticulous notes will help disseminate Kierkegaards writings to a broader audience." This is how this review focussed on Kierkegaard's theodicy sees the volume under review. The reviewer thanks the Ramakrishna Mission for getting the hardcopy of this book to this reviewer who is a recluse in a non-glamorous backwater within Kolkata; India. If the Ramakrishna Mission weren't generous enough; then this reviewer would not have been able to get his hardcover copy. The review thanks the Ramakrishna Mission for getting the hardcopy of this book to this reviewer who is a recluse in a non-glamorous backwater within Kolkata; India. Indian lives too matter! First world scholars do not read what people like I write. They in their white hot rage take it as a given that our writings don't matter. But the Ramakrishna Mission will outlast this reviewer and hundred others who will come by. In this sense; this review matters and those named in this review which, at the cost of reiterating, will be remembered two hundred years hence. Even IVY League Presses do not have the resources to archive everything, come the looming COVID 19 recession. & as Dr Anthony Fauci honestly says over and over, COVID 19 is going nowhere. And Ebola is out of the Congo. So, there we go...Indian writers on European thinkers do matter and will matter. All said and done, it was great fun reviewing these volumes. Kierkegaard gets it dot on mark that Christianity, or for that matter, any religion is all about the mystery of suffering. (shrink)
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  25. Kizel, A. (2016). “Pedagogy Out of Fear of Philosophy as a Way of Pathologizing Children”. Journal of Unschooling and Alternative Learning, Vol. 10, No. 20, Pp. 2847.Kizel Arie - 2016 - Journal of Unschooling and Alternative Learning 10 (20):28 – 47.
    The article conceptualizes the term Pedagogy of Fear as the master narrative of educational systems around the world. Pedagogy of Fear stunts the active and vital educational (...)
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  26. Six Keynote Papers on Consciousness with Some Comments on Their Social Implications: TSC Conference, Hong Kong, 10-14 June 2009.Charles Whitehead - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (1-2):217-227.
    Six keynote papers presented at TSC 2009by Susan Greenfield, Wolf Singer, Stuart Hameroff, Jonathan Schooler, Hakwan Lau, and David Chalmersare reviewed below in order to (...)
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  27. Valerio flacco fonte di draconzio? A proposito di romuleon 10, 52-80.Gina Di Russo - 2009 - Hermes 137 (2):233-251.
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  28. A Semantic Approach to Nonmonotonic Reasoning: Inference Operations and Choice, Uppsala Prints and Preprints in Philosophy, 1994, No 10.Sten Lindström - manuscript
    This paper presents a uniform semantic treatment of nonmonotonic inference operations that allow for inferences from infinite sets of premises. The semantics is formulated in terms of (...)
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  29.  76
    Nick Trakakis The God Beyond Belief: In Defence of William Rowe's Evidential Argument From Evil. . Pp. Xvii+373. ISBN 10 1 4020 5144 1[REVIEW]Bruce Langtry - 2008 - Religious Studies 44 (3):363-367.
    Trakakis's book consists of meticulous scholarship in the history of nearly thirty yearswork on God and evil, focused on the publications of William L. Rowe, (...)and accompanied by acute, original criticism. I point out that Trakakis needs to do more work in order to sustain what he says in relation to natural evil. (shrink)
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  30. Svarajya Siddhih of Gangadharendra Sarasvati-Attaining Self Dominion 10.Swami Narasimhananda - 2013 - Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened India 118 (2):210-213.
    Translation and Annotation of 'Svarajya Siddhi' of Gangadharendra Sarasvati from the nineteenth century. This text is considered one of the five Siddhi texts, the other four being (...)
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  31.  83
    Review of: "L. H. E. Kleinreesink, On Military Memoirs. A Quantitative Comparison of International Afghanistan War Autobiographies, 20012010, Leiden / Boston: Brill (Egodocuments and History Series; Vol. 10).". [REVIEW]Magnus Frisch - 2018 - Res Militares – The Official Newsletter of the Society of Ancient Military Historians 18 (1):4-5.
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  32. Výklady Boethiova Úvodu Do Aritmetiky II, 1 Na Sklonku 10. Století.Marek Otisk - 2013 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 35 (3):397-430.
    Tato studie se věnuje komentářům a glosám k první kapitole druhé knihy Boethiova Úvodu do aritmetiky, jejímiž autory v poslední čtvrtině 10. století byli Gerbert z Aurillacu, (...)
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  33. Kant and the Problem of Revolution. A Report of the International Conference (Kaliningrad, 910 November 2017).Leonid Yu Kornilaev - 2018 - Kantian Journal 37 (1):74-87.
    This report presents the features of the organisation and the main ideas of the international scientific conference “‘No Right of Sedition’. Kant and the Problem of Revolution (...)
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  34. Students Classroom Participation in English Language Teaching: The Case of Gozamen General Secondary School in Grade 10-A.Atalay Mesfin Aneteneh - 2014 - SOCRATES 2 (2):204-217.
    Students classroom participation in English language teaching: The case of Gozamen General Secondary School in Grade 10-A -/- Author / Authors : Atalay Mesfin Aneteneh Page no. 204 (...)-217 Discipline : Education Script/language : Roman/ English Category : Research paper/Action research Keywords: English, Teaching Elementary, Training, Action research. (shrink)
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  35. Enacting Dialogue: the Impact of Promoting Philosophy for Children on the Literate Thinking of Identified Poor Readers, Aged 10.Philip Jenkins - 2010 - Language and Education 24 (6):459-472.
    The Philosophy for Children in Schools Project (P4CISP) is a research project to monitor and evaluate the impact of Philosophy for Children (P4C) on classroom practices. In (...)
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  36.  43
    Мироздание В Душе Человека: Аристотель, De Anima, III, 8, 431b.20-24 И Экклесиаст 3:1011.Igor R. Tantlevskij - 2018 - Schole 12 (1):86-89.
    Comparing the passage of Aristotles treatise De anima, III, 8, 431b.21-24 and Ecclesiastes 3: 10-11, the author reveals a similar epistemological image: the universe (...)is in the soul of the cognizing subject, for it embraces all existing things in the process of perception and cognition of the world. (shrink)
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  37.  40
    Das Manifest für eine neue Ontologie: Metaphysik My 10.Segalerba Gianluigi - 2015 - Revue Roumaine de Philosophie 59 (2):209-237.
    This study is dedicated to the chapter Metaphysics My 10, which, in my opinion, represents an example of basic research as regards Aristotles ontological investigations. The (...)aim of my analysis is to point out that the chapter constitutes a manifesto for a new ontology: this new ontology is Aristotles typological ontology. The main entities of the typological ontology are universals, on the one hand, and instantiations of universals, on the other hand. The ontological levels, to which these two kinds of entities belong, are different from each other: therefore they must be kept rigorously separated from each other. The new ontology constitutes a clear opposition to the ontology of ideas. In my opinion Aristotle does not aim at eliminating universals from the range of the existing entities: At least the universals which correspond to biological kinds (such asmanoranimal“) and to all the properties connected to these biological kinds are real entities, even though they do not exist at the same level at which the level of the instantiations do. Aristotles aim is thus to assign universals and individuals to different realms of reality. The reality consists both of individuals and of universals: these kinds of entities occupy different realms of reality. (shrink)
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  38. Van Gordon, W., Shonin, E., & Griffiths, M. D. (2015). The Self and the Non-Self: Applications of Buddhist Philosophy in Psychotherapy. RaIIS-IT, 11, 10-11.William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin & Mark Griffiths - 2015 - RaIIS-IT 11:10-11.
    Psychological approaches to treating mental illness or improving psychological wellbeing are invariably based on the explicit or implicit understanding that there is an intrinsically existingselfor (...)
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  39.  86
    La secolarizzazione moderna e «il problema Rousseau» nellinterpretazione di Augusto Del Noce, in «Studium Personae. Rivista di Teologia, Filosofia e Scienze Umane», anno 10, n. 1-2, 2019, pp. 67-100.Tommaso Valentini - 2019 - Studium Personae. Rivista di Teologia, Filosofia E Scienze Umane 10 (1-2):67-100.
    The Italian philosopher Augusto Del Noce (1910-1989) gave an original interpretation of the modern secular age. In this paper, I analyze the reasons why Del Noce (...)saw in Descartes and in Rousseau two fundamental expressions of secularization: according to the two French philosophers, the human being is characterized by an original goodness (status naturae purae). Del Noce noted that this anthropological optimism, widespread in modernity, made superfluous the Christian faith: without the presence of original sin (an evil in human nature), the redemption is no longer necessary. In the last part of the paper it is examinedthe Rousseau problem”, i.e. the constitutive ambiguity of the Genevan thinker. Rightly Del Noce pointed out that Rousseau was, at the same time, a religious and revolutionary philosopher: on the one hand, Rousseau criticized modern rationalists and reevaluated the sphere of human feelings (including religious feelings), but on the other, he theorized a revolutionary and Jacobin thought. Therefore, Rousseau can be interpreted as a philosopher who emblematically expressed the ambiguities of the modern process of secularization. (shrink)
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  40.  2
    O MODELO EXPLANATÓRIO-CAUSAL DE ARISTÓTELES EM SEGUNDOS ANALÍTICOS II.8-10 E O CASO DAS SUBSTÂNCIAS HILEMÓRFICAS.Daniela Fernandes Cruz - 2021 - XXI Semana Acadêmica Do PPG Em Filosofia da PUCRS Vol. 1.
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  41.  74
    A função dos capítulos 3-10 do livro A da Metafísica de Aristóteles.Guilherme da Costa Assunção Cecílio - forthcoming - Atas Do XVII Encontro Nacional Anpof.
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  42.  67
    Ángel Martínez Fernández, «Una nueva estela funeraria de Aptera (Creta)», Veleia 32, pp. 151-158. Vitoria, Servicio de Publicaciones, Universidad del País Vasco, 2015. DOI: 10.1387/veleia.14985.Angel Martinez Fernandez - 2015 - Veleia 32:151-158.
    El autor del artículo edita y estudia una inscripción funeraria inédita de época helenística encontrada en Aptera (Creta) por la arqueóloga griega V. Ninioú-Kindelí. El texto (...)de la inscripción dice así: A) Σώσανδρος | Βίτωνος. B) Ἀμφιμήδης | Σωσάνδρω. (shrink)
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  43. Tiempo y cambio. Física IV, 10-14.Diana Acevedo - 2010 - Dissertation, Pontifica Universidad Javeriana
    The problem of time has been present throughout history of philosophy since its beginnings. However to consider what is time is not a matter of technical theorization, (...)
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  44.  51
    Appearance, Perception, and Non-Rational Belief: Republic 602c-603a.Damien Storey - 2014 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 47:81-118.
    In book 10 of the Republic we find a new argument for the division of the soul. The arguments structure is similar to the arguments in (...)book 4 but, unlike those arguments, it centres on a purely cognitive conflict: believing and disbelieving the same thing, at the same time. The argument presents two interpretive difficulties. First, it assumes that a conflict between a belief and an appearancee.g. disbelieving that a stick partially immersed in water is, as it appears, bententails a conflict between beliefs. Prima facie, there is only one belief, the belief that contradicts the appearance. Second, it is unclear what parts of the soul Plato intends to divide between: some argue that it is, as in book 4, a partition between a rational and a non-rational part; others argue that it is a new partition between a higher and a lower subdivision of the rational part. This paper offers solutions to both difficulties through an analysis of what Plato means by φαινόμενα, ‘appearances’, and δόξαι, ‘beliefs’. It is argued, first, that the relevant appearances are entirely sensory but nonetheless sufficiently belief-like to (a) warrant being called δόξαι and (b) oppose, by themselves, our beliefs; there is no need for a third mental state, a belief that assents to the appearance. A second claim concerns a central line in the argument, 602e46, that has served as the primary evidence that the partition is within the rational part of the soul. Those who wish to avoid this conclusion generally resort to alternative, and less natural, translations of 602e46. It is argued that this is unnecessary: once we have correctly understood sensory appearances, we see that the standard translation of 602e46 in fact entails a division between a rational and a non-rational part of the soul. (shrink)
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  45. The Meaning of Life (Second Revised Edition).Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    A 10,000+ word critical overview of analytic philosophy devoted to life's meaning, with some focus on books and more recent works.
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  46.  48
    Interrogating Incoherence and Prospects for a Trans-Positive Psychiatry.Robert A. Wilson - forthcoming - Australasian Philosophical Review.
    Invited commentary on Nicole A. Vincent and Emma A. Jane, “Interrogating Incongruence: Conceptual and Normative Problems with ICD-11s and DSM-5s Diagnostic Categories for Transgender (...)PeopleAustralasian Philosophical Review, in press. -/- The core of Vincent and Janes Interrogating Incongruence is critical of the appeal to the concept of incongruence in DSM-5 and ICD-11 characterisations of trans people, a critique taken to be ground-clearing for more trans-positive, psychiatrically-infused medical interventions. I concur with Vincent and Janes ultimate goals but depart from the view developed in the paper on two fronts. The first is that I remain sceptical about the overall prospects for truly trans-positive psychiatry. Trans should follow homosexuality and other categories of sexual orientation that have been abandoned rather than reformed as constituents of psychiatric diagnosis and categorisation. The second is that I think that the authorscentral criticisms of the appeal to incongruence are misplaced. (shrink)
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  47. The Silent Voice of Those Who Are No Longer: Transgenerational Transmission of Information From the Perspective of the Informational Model of Consciousness.Florin Gaiseanu - 2019 - Gerontology and Geriatrics Studies 5 (1):482-487.
    Thenature or nurtureproblem concerning the debate on the innate features with respect to the acquired ones is approached in terms of information, from the perspective (...)
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  48. Особливості екскурсійного обслуговування іноземних туристів.Sergii Sardak & С. Е. Сардак К. В. Петрова, В. В. Джинджоян - 2017 - Економічний Простір 126:71-81.
    Екскурсійне обслуговування іноземних туристів є важливим фактором розвитку міжнародного туризму в Україні. Надання якісних послуг в сфері супроводу іноземних туристів передбачає спеціальну підготовку фахівців та участь широкого (...)
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  49. A Proposed Hybrid Effect Size Plus P -Value Criterion: Empirical Evidence Supporting its Use.William M. Goodman - 2019 - The American Statistician 73 (Sup(1)):168-185.
    DOI: 10.1080/00031305.2018.1564697 When the editors of Basic and Applied Social Psychology effectively banned the use of null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) from articles published (...)in their journal, it set off a fire-storm of discussions both supporting the decision and defending the utility of NHST in scientific research. At the heart of NHST is the p-value which is the probability of obtaining an effect equal to or more extreme than the one observed in the sample data, given the null hypothesis and other model assumptions. Although this is conceptually different from the probability of the null hypothesis being true, given the sample, p-values nonetheless can provide evidential information, toward making an inference about a parameter. Applying a 10,000-case simulation described in this article, the authors found that p-valuesinferential signals to either reject or not reject a null hypothesis about the mean (α = 0.05) were consistent for almost 70% of the cases with the parameters true location for the sampled-from population. Success increases if a hybrid decision criterion, minimum effect size plus p-value (MESP), is used. Here, rejecting the null also requires the difference of the observed statistic from the exact null to be meaningfully large or practically significant, in the researchers judgment and experience. The simulation compares performances of several methods: from p-value and/or effect size-based, to confidence-interval based, under various conditions of true location of the mean, test power, and comparative sizes of the meaningful distance and population variability. For any inference procedure that outputs a binary indicator, like flagging whether a p-value is significant, the output of one single experiment is not sufficient evidence for a definitive conclusion. Yet, if a tool like MESP generates a relatively reliable signal and is used knowledgeably as part of a research process, it can provide useful information. (shrink)
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  50. 西方当代认识论之最新发展 (New Trents in Epistemology).Xinli Wang & 王 新力 - 2008 - In Jiyuan Yu Zhiwei Zhang (ed.), 西方人文社科前沿述评-哲学卷 (Series on Western Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences - Philosophy). 中国人民大学出版社 (China Renmin University Press).
    内容提要本文综合评述当代认识论的现状以及主干近10 年来主要发展趋势和最新理论贡献它首先介绍一些必要的理论背景盖梯尔难题闭合原则内在论与外在论之争(第2节),然后分6 节集中讨论评述:(i) 温和基础主义的兴起及发展(第3 ) ; (ii) 对认知怀疑论的最新表述及回应(第4 ) ; (iii) 认知无限辨明论(第5 ) ;(iv) 认知语境主义的兴起其理论贡献以及存在的问题;(v) 德性认识论的二个模型它们的优点,和现有的问题最后简单讨论当代认识论面临的危机与机遇。 -/- (...)
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