Results for 'WTO'

12 found
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  1. Is It Possible to Provide Evidence of Insufficient Evidence? The Precautionary Principle at the WTO.Elisa Vecchione - 2012 - Chicago Journal of International Law 13 (1).
    This Article aims to demonstrate that the WTO jurisprudence on science-related trade disputes has become imbued with a specific vision of science that has prevented any (...)possible application of the precautionary principle. This situation is due both to the WTOs specific dispute settlement procedures and to the substantive nature of precautionary measures. Indeed, such measuresfoundation oninsufficient scientific evidencedramatically undermines the probative value of science in WTO adjudication and creates a seeming contradiction: The system requires defendants to provide legal evidence of the absence of sufficient scientific evidence. The reasoning of the Panel on the ECBiotech case was riddled with this apparent paradox. For the first time, the USContinued Suspension case has opened a gateway to address this fundamental issue. (shrink)
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  2. Reflection on Exclusivity and Termination of Commercial Agency in Jordan: TheIntertwining of Domestic Regulation and International Trade Law.Bashar H. Malkawi - 2019 - Estey Journal of International Law and Trade Policy 19 (2).
    Any foreign manufacturer desiring to market its products in Jordan has several courses open to it. The foreign manufacturer could establish a branch or wholly-owned subsidiary (...)in Jordan or enter into a licensing or joint venture agreement with a company doing business in Jordan. If it wants a less significant presence, however, it is left with the alternative of having a local commercial agent market and sells its products. -/- The purpose of this article is to study certain aspects-exclusivity and termination- of commercial agency according to the Jordanian law. The article is divided into four sections. Section two explains the general rules governing commercial agency in Jordan. Section three analyzes exclusivity of commercial agents. This section introduces the WTO's General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), the basic instrument covering trade in services, and analyses the current commercial agencies regulation in Jordan and its relation to articles VIII and IX of GATS. Also, section two explores Jordan schedule of specific commitments under the GATS in order to shed light on the extent and limit of its obligations with regard to commercial agents. Section four discusses agency termination. Finally, the article concludes by summarizing the main. (shrink)
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  3. Digitalization of International Trade.Bashar H. Malkawi - 2019 - Journal of Law and Technology 23.
    The question this article addresses is how the WTO supports and deals with digital trade. The article then analyzes how existing WTO agreements have dealt with digital (...)
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  4.  37
    Jordan Imports and Tariff Regimes: A Revisit.Bashar H. Malkawi - 2019 - Global Trade and Customs Journal 14:308-318.
    Jordan made substantial market access commitments as part of its WTO membership negotiations. Jordan has low average tariffs with single or two digits rate and ad valorem- (...)only duties with some exceptions where specific duties apply. Customs standards in Jordan were streamlined in accordance with WTO rules. Jordan confirmed in its accession to the WTO that free zones or export processing zones would be fully subject to the coverage of the commitments taken in the protocol of accession. The purpose of this article is to examine and analyse Jordans current imports and tariffs regime. (shrink)
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  5.  17
    The Anti-Danish Trade Boycott: Can It Be Challenged Under the World Trade Organization?Bashar H. Malkawi - 2008 - Mu'tah Journal for Research and Studies: Humanities and Social Sciences Series 22:61-84.
    The purpose of the paper is to examine trade boycott of Arab countries of Danish goods and role of WTO.
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  6.  21
    Book Review of "David A. Gantz, Liberalizing International Trade After Doha: Multilateral, Plurilateral, Regional, and Unilateral Initiatives ". [REVIEW]Bashar H. Malkawi - 2015 - Law and Development Review 8:235-236.
    The book, providing a broad analysis of trade liberalization initiatives from the inception of the World Trade Organization (WTO) to 2013, is essential reading for trade lawyers, (...)
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  7.  17
    UAE's International Trade Policy: A Model for Openness.Bashar H. Malkawi - 2019 - Forbes Middle East 3:3.
    Through the benefits of trade openness, diversification, and economic competitiveness, the UAE was successful in its economic endeavors by creating economic winners and protecting those who have (...)
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  8.  61
    Bashar H. Malkawi, Regional Agreements and Regulatory Barriers to Trade in Services: Building Blocks to the Multilateral Foundation.Bashar H. Malkawi - 2019 - Journal of Business Law 34:251-265.
    Jordan agreed to extensive liberalization undertakings under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (“GATS”) that would open some sectors that were previously closed or restricted to (...)
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  9.  15
    The Social Clause of the U.S.-Jordan Free Trade Agreement: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back?Bashar H. Malkawi - 2008 - Journal of Law (Kuwait) 32:11-42.
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the labor and environment provisions of the US-Jordan FTA.
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  10. World Trade Organization.Christian Barry & Scott Wisor - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley.
    The World Trade Organization (WTO) is a multilateral trade organization that, at least partially, governs trade relations between its member states. The WTO (2011a) proclaims that its (...)
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  11. Los conocimientos tradicionales y sus escenarios de articulación con el comercio y el ambiente.Iván Vargas-Chaves - 2014 - In Alejandra Sáenz, Andrés Gómez & Gloria Amparo Rodríguez (eds.), Conflictos entre Propiedad, Comercio y Ambiente. Universidad del Rosario. pp. 315-335.
    Traditional Knowledge as the axis of public policies, are aimed at comprehensive protection of ancestral practices of indigenous peoples. This knowledge has been linked to intense debates, (...)
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  12.  11
    Hoàn thiện pháp luật về chi nhánh ngân hàng nước ngoài Việt Nam.Nguyễn Thị Thanh Huyền - 2015 - Dissertation, Vietnam National University, Hanoi
    Quá trình hội nhập kinh tế quốc tế của Việt Nam đã trở thành xu thế tất yếu đang diễn ra ngày càng sâu rộng về (...)
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